In many cases, we hear that police refuses to file a FIR unless pressurized by media or some social, official or political authority. The person is already suffering and on the other hand, police harasses him by not accepting the FIR. The police officer is duty bound to lodge FIR in every cognizable case. If a police officer gets a complaint from an aggrieved person about the cognizable offense, he must lodge a FIR. When a police officer refuses to do so, one must approach the SP of the concerned area regarding
For officer safety reasons, I do not recommend chasing suspect(s) into unfamiliar structures without back-up. Even then, that is an individual judgment call. Plain view is another search warrant exception with specific requirements. The officer must have a legal right to view the evidence and immediately recognize it as contraband. Also, the item in question cannot be moved or manipulated.
In order to function as an independent human being, individuals need to hold on to their internal selves. External environment influences individuals’ thoughts and behaviors. For example, Gladwell argues “ [i]f a window is broken and left unrepaired, people walking by will conclude that no one cares and no one is in charge. Soon more windows will be broken, and sense of anarchy will spread from the building to the street” (152). If “no one cares” that a window has been broken and no one faces any consequences, people start to assume they are allowed to continue and repeat the action.
probable cause is to be clearly established by law enforcement in order to conduct a legal search of your property or your person. Consent from the individual to allow the search can substitute the probable cause, if none exists for law enforcement to act upon. This is applicable to individual searches, vehicle searches and searches of your home or any other property. For example, if law enforcement stops you exiting a convenience store and suspects you of shoplifting, they must first establish the probable cause or reasonable suspicion to detain you lawfully. If this is done correctly, through either witness information or firsthand observation, then law enforcement can request a search of your property (e.g.
Either way, there must be adequate training to prevent certain actions from occurring by the police. The police are supposed to protect and serve, however, when the police use certain measures, then, the public are the ones who need to be protected from the same police that are put in place to do the job. When it comes to the police, there should be trust between the police and the people. When it comes to play that the people cannot trust the police with equality, then, it becomes a problem. Race should never play a role in why a person is stopped, frisked, arrested, or suspected.
They require quick removal of graffiti. Barriers have been placed on overhead freeways to discourage graffiti. Arrests are made and taken seriously by the courts and people are encouraged to call in those responsible. Some of these strategies have been
Miranda cautions are a high point of dispute in the law enforcement scene. There are many misunderstandings as to when "Miranda" applies. First, I explain about Miranda rights to their family because it’s important to know these basics. If we aren’t in police care then we don’t have to give them Miranda warnings. We mention all the matter in front of boy’s family and asked the officer that when police officers question a suspect in custody without first giving the Miranda warning, any statement or confession made is supposed to be instinctive, and cannot be used against the suspicious in any criminal case.
There are several circumstances which can inﬂuence choice of the crime place like, presence of police, number and type of civilians, presence of other criminal, gang formation among criminals etc. After a few crimes with the help of gang, the criminal will be able to do crime without forming gangs. Each criminal gets a fixed reward after crime. Civilians agents and learning Civilians are agents who walks around the street and gets robbed by criminals. Civilians can be of three types – people with age > 14, kids and women.
This behavior can damage a lot of people, of course, the person who is displaying the behavior, but also all the people around them. Impulsive anger can have various forms. These forms can be physical, emotional or both. One type is behavioral anger, this is when you may feel so overwhelmed by your emotions that you lash out at the object of your rage. This might involve physically attacking someone, or breaking or throwing things.
In the article, “How Police Training Contributes to Avoidable Deaths” author Seth Stoughton shares his experience as a previous police officer as well of the experiences of others and states how the training of police officers “is part of the problem” (Stoughton 2014, pg.2) with police violence of present day. Police are trained to respond to every situation with the mentality of encountering a dangerous situation, and that hesitation can end up deadly for the officer (Stoughton 2014, pg.3). Police are also trained to be afraid (Stoughton 2014, pg.3). They are shown videos where officers are killed but aren’t given the chances of an civilian to officer violent interaction happening, which have gone down in the past years (Stoughton 2014, pg.5).
Under ss. 1 and 2 and Cop A, a police officer may search vehicles or persons and detain any vehicle or persons for the purpose of the search. The search can only be carried out to look for certain items, most importantly stolen items and prohibited items. A police officer may only stop and search an individual if they have reasonable grounds for suspecting that they will find stolen or prohibited
What is discretion? Discretion is the availability of a choice of options or actions one can take in a situation. Police officers have to make an instantaneous decision when they are in a situation. It all depends on the scenario for them to decide whether they want to use deadly force, stop and frisk or writing traffic summons etc. Stop question and frisk are the practiced by which a police officer initiates a stop of an individual on the street allegedly based on reasonable suspicion of criminal activity.