Active learning is a set of strategies that motivates students to learn by their own with the help of Knowledgeable others. The following examples of active learning are being used in this study; discovery learning, problem-based learning, experiential learning, and inquiry-based instruction, think-pair-share, quick-writes, polling, cooperative learning, and student presentations. Another theory for which this study is also anchored is attributed to Frederick Herzberg the Motivation Theory. It is concerned with the processes that describe why and how human behavior is activated and directed. Motivated learners can learn almost everything.
LEARNING THEORIES In spite of the fact that there are a wide range of ways to deal with learning, there are three essential sorts of learning hypothesis: behaviourism, intellectual constructivism and social constructivism. This segment gives a concise prologue to each sort of learning hypothesis. BEHAVIOURISM Behaviourism is a hypothesis of creature and human discovering that exclusive spotlights on impartially detectable practices and rebates mental exercises. Conduct scholars characterize learning as just the adjusting of new conduct. Learners are essentially latent and aloof retention of a predefined assemblage of information by the learner advanced by redundancy and uplifting feedback and negative support however revise behavioural
The teacher and the learner have distinct responsibilities in the classroom that adds to the desired success of the teaching and learning process. This will be proven by analysing the Brain-based Learning Theory supported by Jensen, The Social Learning Theory introduced by Vygotsky, Scaffolding introduced by Bruner and parts of the Theory of Second Language Acquisition proposed by Krashen. The concurrence between the principles of constructivism and the CAPS and constructivism linking with the lesson wheel will also be discussed. The Brain-based Learning Theory is based on the fact that the brain is “designed to learn in a natural accordance” (2008:4) and that the search for meaning is instinctive for the brain. Brain-based learning is about
At this stage, the learner will use their cognitive ability to form a theory or analyzing what they were observing and put a conclusion. The fourth stage, active experimentation is where the learner will plan to utilize the theory that they have made and put it into the next scenario of experience. From this cycle of experiential learning, Kolb developed 4 learning styles. Kolb assumes that people learn differently and influenced by various factors. The four learning style is based on Kolb’s two continuum which is east- west named the Processing Continuum and the north-south axis named the Perception Continuum.
Education: Psychology has helped in understanding that mental capabilities is different to individuals, with the help of psychology; educationists have come to understand that learning pace is different for each child. Psychology has helped teachers to understand learning capabilities. The branch of psychology related to education is EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY. Educational psychology is a branch of psychology that deals with the scientific study of human learning. It’s concerned with studying the emotional, cognitive and social processes in learning, and using such knowledge to aid better learning processes.
Social Constructivism in the Classroom : One version of constructivist learning theory, namely, social constructivism, emphasises the ways a culture influences its people’s mental constructs. A key assumption about social constructivism is that “learning is collaborative with meaning negotiated from multiple perspectives (Smith & Ragan, 1999 : 15). The main theory underlying co-operative learning is social constructivism proposed by Lev Semyonovich Vygotsky (1896-1934). He considered that the roles of culture and society as well as language and interaction are important in understanding how humans learn. Vygotsky (1962) assumed that knowledge is cultural; he took a socio-cultural approach in his study with children.
Theoretical Review As theoretical review, I read, through different books, journals, and articles for language learning theories related to my research topic. I found that Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) is closely related with my study, which I discussed below. Social Cognitive Theory Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) is a theory of psychology, which provides a clear foundation for classroom interventions designed to improve students ' learning. Bandura (1986) states that in social cognitive theory, learning from the effects of actions, is a special case of observational learning. This theory states that students learn through direct experience, observation, and modeling.
Which means the behaviour that can be seen from outside. The theories of positive and negative reinforcement techniques are very effective in treating some human disorders like autism, anxiet y disorders and antisocial behaviour. Teachers who reward and punish student behaviours often uses the theories of behaviourism. (Anon., n.d.) two ways in which the behaviourism has been applied in education. The two major learning theories of behaviourism are classical conditioning and operant conditioning.
Cognitive learning strategies involve the mental or physical manipulation of the material to be learned. The strategies are resourcing, grouping, note taking, and elaboration. Teachers model, rehears, and support students the use of learning strategies in the classroom. Social/affective learning strategies interconnect the cognitive and the sociocultural dimensions of the biography. This kind of strategies considers two levels: the individual level and the interactive level.
Flippen (2012), explained that cognitivism focuses on mind and especially mental process. With the opening of human mind thinking, knowing, recollection and solution of problem which is deemed valuable for learning. With educational technology is the best way for a teacher to using cognitivism in the classroom. Application of Theory: Herring (2012), discussed that cognitive learning theory had been center on human thought process. In this theory learning take place when new knowledge obtained or previous knowledge is modified.