According to Erikson, the primary motivation is social and reflects a desire to affiliate with other people and that development change occurs throughout the life span. Cognitive theories emphasize conscious thoughts. Piaget and Vygotsky are best known for cognitive theories. Piaget believed that children go through four stages of cognitive development as they actively construct their understanding of the world. Vygotsky’s had a sociocultural cognitive theory that emphases how culture and social interactions guide cognitive development.
Competency 1 As a teacher, I understand this competency to mean that I must be aware of human development processes, and use this information to plan instruction and continue valuation that will inspire students and cater to their individual developmental and needs. I will need to know normal stages of cognitive, social, physical, and emotional development from early childhood through the completion of twelfth-grade. Being a teacher, I will need to identify developmental differences that characterize students and consider developmental variation for instructional planning, along with effective learning experiences and assessments. I must understand how physical changes, along with social and emotional changes can disturb a student’s progress
The most important thing is to know what learning theory or theories your brain reacts to better. In my case I am very adapted to constructivism and Piaget theory. Constructivism for me is learning by personal experience and developing my own mental modes of the current event. Whatever is being taught I would literally have to set bases for myself within the lesson plan and develop real life events in my mind and thoughts in which will better my understanding of the teachers angle. In constructivism there are several key factors but the one I focus most on is curriculum.
Based on my experience this lab, I feel that I need to further develop the skill of creativity in order to be able to interact with elementary aged students. Creativity is an important skill to have when creating a lesson plan or activities for the students to do. I want to make sure that when I do make the lesson plan that it is interesting to them and they will want to participate. 4. To make this both a better experience for me and the students at the elementary school it is important to consider how to communicate in a way that will help the students with diverse learning styles.
Piaget and Maslow: Teaching the whole child Exceptional educators keep their fingers on the pulse of what their students need, in order to teach them effectively. Examining Piaget and Maslow’s theories, and applying them to the classroom will facilitate achieving this goal. Considering Piaget’s focus on development, and Maslow’s prioritization of human needs, one can integrate these ideas into classrooms and lesson plans that are optimized for student success.
In the Educational Leadership article entitle “The Boss of My Brain”, authors Donna Wilson and Marcus Conyers examines the explicit instruction in metacognition. Researchers stated that “explicit instruction in metacognition puts students in charge of their learning.” It was also stated that “meta-cognition supports learning by enabling us to actively think about which cognitive strategies can help achieve learning, how we should apply those strategies, how we can review our progress, and whether we need to adjust our thinking.” I believe this a unique teaching tool for teachers to implement with their students. With the use of metacognition, students whether they are struggling learners or gifted can learn how to use a variety of cognitive strategies to help improve their learning.
The Technologically – Competent Practitioner displays integration, usage, and application when educating students. Each part of the Conceptual Framework is very important. One of the most important aspects of the Conceptual Framework would be the Culturally Responsive Practitioner. Instructional planning is very important.
It is very important for tutors to know when to talk and when to listen. Most tutees come to learn therefore they are willing to talk over the assignment because they are motivated to learn. It is important for tutors to know how to listen when tutees are talking this way tutors can help in a more effective way. A tutor should know that tutees are smart too and that they can talk over the
By incorporating Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s theories into teaching strategies in early childhood classrooms, student learning is likely to increase. While Piaget and Vygotsky 's theories offer insight into Developmentally Appropriate Practice in the classroom, other theorists such as Dewey and Bandura offer even more supporting evidence for DAP. John Dewey was a pragmatist. Pragmatists believe that reality must be experienced, and so forth believed that human beings learn through a
it means that the school, the teacher and the students as well decide the success of achieving the educational aims on the school level. In other words, teacher have duties on constructing the right lesson material formulating the proper aim, choosing and constructing the right lesson material according to the need, interest, and children development phase, choosing the method and teaching media and constructing the program and right evaluation. The students taught through a good method will get the chance to involve in the teaching and learning process, especially concerning those four basic language skill that must be mastered by the students. The relationship between this
In my reading, chapter one gave me some good information about assumptions and learning tasks. Jane Vella talked about assumptions in the first chapter and how the first assumption from learners arrive with the capacity to do the work that is involved in learning. Learners must be active, be engaged and held accountable for their learning. The second assumption is that learners learn when they are actively engaged-cognitive, emotionally, and physically –with the content. Then the third assumption follows closely on new content and can be presented through learning tasks (Vella pp 2-5).
This demonstrates my understanding of effective learning though appropriate instructional strategies because is displays how I implemented a variety of materials and technological resources to support my instructional strategies and reinforce student learning. It also conveys my ability to assess student’s through both formal (activity sheet) and informal (thumbs up) assessment techniques. These techniques help me evaluate the student’s strengths/weaknesses and the effectiveness of my instructional strategies. This particular skill outcome is important to early childhood education because implementing instructional strategies that reach the diversity of our students is going to promote overall student success. We, as early childhood educators, have to use a variety of strategies to discover more about the student’s developmental process and adjust our instruction in a way that will promote students to become self-directed
I think there are many reasons the teachers should understand the Development Appropriate Practices prior to implementing creative activities to young children in the classroom. A teacher’s role in the Developmentally Appropriate classroom is to create an environment that promotes learning. Also, they are a facilitator and enabler. According to Kostelnik (1992), "...developmentally appropriate classrooms are active ones in which both teachers and students learn from one another. " From that view, the teacher must understand the three core components of DAP and what Development Appropriate Practice means so she/he can apply it in the classroom.
Outstanding educators must possess many important qualities. They must be knowledgeable and enthusiastic about the subjects that they teach. If a teacher is knowledgeable and enthusiastic, their students will be more excited about what they need to learn, and see the teacher as a valuable resource. These educators must continue to pursue learning opportunities and use this new knowledge to improve their instruction. Students come to school at different academic levels.