The elements of this component are quality of questions/ prompts, discussion techniques and student participation. Effective questioning techniques are associated with the types of the questions. Instead of just asking closed-questions, the teachers should vary the types of questions by asking open-ended questions to encourage the critical thinking of the students. As mentioned by Danielson (2014: 59), “Class discussion are animated, engaging all the students in important issues and promoting the use of precise language to deepen language and extend their understanding.” Hence, an effective classroom interaction is not necessarily evolved high cognitive level of lesson content, but the engagement and participation of the students is important to make sure the learning and teaching process is
“One obvious purpose of effective questioning is to minimize teachers’ and students’ errors by focusing on a particular fact, issue, skill, belief, or whatever” ( Wragg & Brown, 2001, p.27). Hence, questioning effectively can make students become more curious and actively participate in learning process (Fusco, 2015). There are some tactics that teachers need to use in order to question
1.4 Significance of the Study By doing this analysis, the writer hopes that the findings would be very beneficial for teachers to evaluate the speech styles that they have been using. Furthermore, hopefully, this study could help teachers to improve their speech styles used in the classroom. On the other words, teachers will be aware of the importance of adjusting the speech styles to the target learner needs. Besides, the findings of this study can help the teachers to be able to understand how to use male speech styles and female speech styles in the classroom to motivate their
Modeling, Coaching and Scaffolding are three major roles for facilitators to support students in constructivist learning environments. A constructivist classroom environment provides opportunities for students to question the material being presented and explore various topics as their interests. The aim is to produce a democratic classroom environment that provides meaningful learning experiences for autonomous learners. In a constructivist classroom, the teacher and the student share responsibility and decision making and demonstrate mutual respect. Teachers should be explaining, modeling, and using guided practice in the classroom.
Assessment also gives teachers useful information about how to improve their teaching methods. In classroom assessment, since teachers themselves develop, administer and analyze the questions, they are more likely to apply the results of the assessment to their own teaching. Therefore, it provides feedback on the effectiveness of instruction and gives students a measure of their progress. The purpose of classroom assessment is to give students the opportunity to show what they have learned rather than catching them out or to show what they have not learned. Through using appropriate classroom assessment strategies and techniques, teachers can increase their students' motivation and show them how well they have learned the
Being an “instructional leader” encompasses the main aspects of what is expected as a teacher, such as creating lesson plans and check on a student’s progress, but the main goal is to do so with intention. This means while it might be easier to teach from a book and save time by using another teacher’s lesson plans, the educator puts more effort into creating a lesson plan tailored to the strengths of his or her students. This also takes the educator genuinely understanding and being “involved in each child’s learning process,” (pg. 26). If the educator can get involved like this, then he or she can become a more effective teacher by creating activities that the students can be more involved in based off of how they
Established learning: teacher and student roles in the learning process should be established. Teachers need to create an environment where student can establish trust and mutual respect, as well as experience harmless constructive feedback. As defined by Bell & Cowie (2001), there are nine characteristics of formative assessment: responsiveness; source of evidence; tacit process; use of professional knowledge and experience; integral measures between teaching and learning; assessments by teacher and student; purpose; appropriateness of process; and predicaments. Vigilant observation of students progression, allows the teacher to see beyond assumptions and predictions, and provide information to better understand and support learning outcomes used to determine students understanding. Careful thought of learning assessments are grouped into four types: observation, conversation, student self-evaluation and artefacts, all of which can take form in numerous assessments: - Checklists: learn student behavior by keeping a record of pre-selected learning actions to be observed, with use of indicators to assess e.g.
Formative assessments are on-going and provide great opportunities for teachers to gauge their instruction as well as student to reflect upon their learning. Formative Table 1. Comparison of the Phases of SCIS and BSCS Learning Cycle Model SCIS Learning Cycle Model BSCS 5E Learning Cycle Model Exploration Invention (Term Introduction) Discovery (Concept Application) Engagement (New Phase) Exploration Explaination Elaboration Evaluation (New Phase) assessments also provide great chance for students to apply feedback from the teacher and their peers to evaluate and make improvements to their work. Whereas, summative assessments are designed to unveil student learning
(Ritualo, 2000). This work would serve educators, particularly in assessing students, Supervisors and Curriculum Planners to find understanding the outcome of assessment (traditional and authentic) on science appreciative and learning conclusions of scholars. Classroom assessment practices are based on teacher beliefs, training, knowledge and skills in educational assessment. Understanding teachers’ classroom assessment practices remains pivotal for informed educational decisions that can be made about students’ learning outcomes. The results of this study may provide valuable insights for understanding teachers’ classroom assessment practices and needs for teachers in and other parts of the world.
Introduction Classroom assessment practices conducted by teachers is one of the integral parts of teaching and learning .Teachers may not know if students are learning or progressing without assessment. Lloyd (2011) explained that these classroom assessment standards comprise a set of criteria and related guidelines accepted by professional organizations as indicative accurate classroom assessment practices. At the heart of assessment system is a clear understanding and connecting to the knowledge and skills and their range of complexity as required by the standards, grade level expectations, and span expectations (Brown, 2011). These standards should be focused in all assessments, instruction, and professional development related to teaching
If a student is not making adequate progress, they try other interventions or ways of implementing instruction to help students to progress. Outstanding educators are flexible and can think quickly, they are able to adjust lessons to meet the needs and address the learning styles of their students as necessary. An outstanding teacher is firm but fair when disciplining students. These educators are always aware of what is going on in their classrooms and monitor situations as needed to quickly and effectively keep things from getting out of control. Outstanding educators get to know their students, and show them respect and kindness.