Four Parenting Styles Research Paper

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Parental behaviors characterizing the four parenting styles

High Control Low Control
High Responsiveness Authoritative

• Firm and consistent control
• Monitor and impart clear standards for their children’s conduct
•Give priority to child’s needs and abilities
•Implying age appropriate maturity demands
• Encourage children to be independent
• Attentive
• Forgiving
• Encouraging autonomy
• Offering democratic climate Permissive

• Frequent expression of warmth and affection •Low enforcement of rules and authority
• High acceptance
•Taking the role of friend rather than parent
•Allow the child to make their own decision
•Minimal punishment

Low Responsiveness Authoritarian

• Firm in control practices
•Expecting strict,
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In studying adolescent development, adolescence can be defined biologically, as the physical transition marked by the onset of puberty and the termination of physical growth; cognitively, as changes in the ability to think abstractly and multi-dimensionally; or socially, as a period of preparation for adult roles. Cognitive advances encompass both increases in knowledge and in the ability to think abstractly and to reason more effectively. Developmental psychologists might focus on changes in relations with parents and peers as a function of school structure and pubertal status.Therefore, as adolescents grow in maturity they also learn how to regulate their emotions which has positive and negative effects on relationship with family and friends. (a textbook of child psychology virender kumar 2012). As adolescents acquire greater conceptual complexity and participated in more varied social relationship, they begin to be able to assume an adult perspective in problem solving and decision making. At the same time, adolescents are limited in their reasoning by their lack of experience with many life events.
Harry Stack Sullivan: Three kinds of experience: 1) sensations, perceptions and emotions experienced before language; 2) private symbols, including fantasies and daydreams; and 3) shared symbols.
Three phases of adolescence
1) Preadolescence – need for a close relationship with another person of the same sex
2) Early adolescence – interest in heterosexual relationship, conflict between needs for intimacy and needs for sexual gratification
3) Late adolescence – establishment of a mature repertoire of interpersonal relationships, emergence of

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