Four Phases Of Emergency Management

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Mitigation is the bases of emergency management. It is the effort to lessen the impact that disasters have on people and property. Mitigation can be defined as an action that reduces or eliminates long-term risk to people and property from natural hazards (The four phases of emergency management, n.d.). Mitigation attempts to prevent hazards from developing into disasters. It is different from the other three phases of emergency management because it focuses on long-term measures to reduce or eliminate risk. Mitigation strategies are implemented as a part of the recovery process when applied after a disaster occurs (The four phases of emergency management, n.d.). The public sector can enhance mitigation by encouraging people to buy flood…show more content…
It is a continual form of planning, organizing, training, equipping, exercising, evaluation, and improvement that will ensure effective coordination and enhancement of capabilities to prevent, protect against, respond to, recover from and, mitigate the effects of natural disasters, man-made disasters and, acts of terrorism (The four phases of emergency management, n.d.). Emergency managers develop plans to manage and counter the risks and act to build the needed capabilities to implement the plans (The four phases of emergency management, n.d.) The public sector can enhance preparedness by making sure proper maintenance and training is given to all emergency services, by developing emergency population warning methods, by preparing shelters and evacuation plans for communities and, by stockpiling, inventory, and maintain disaster supplies and equipment (The four phases of emergency management, n.d.) Some of the benefits of preparedness would be having better trained emergency personnel, allow the public to be educated in emergencies, having better vehicles and equipment and, by developing and maintain better communication systems (Four phases of emergency management,…show more content…
It often includes the first wave of core emergency services such as firefighters, police and, ambulance crews (The four phases of emergency management, n.d.). Response is the actions taken to save lives and prevent further damage in a disaster situation. It is putting preparedness plans into action. It often includes damage assessment, search and rescue, firefighting and, sheltering the victims (The four phases of emergency management, n.d.). The public sector can enhance response by making sure local police and sheriff’s departments are aware of exit plans for cities and towns, by making sure hospitals and other emergency first responders know how to quickly implement a response team, by making sure all responders are trained and aware of the preparedness plans (The four phases of emergency management, n.d.). Some of the benefits of response would be to provide citizens with better medical care, highly trained fire fighters, a up to date search and rescue system, an updated recovery and lifeline service including restorative power outages (Four phases of emergency management,
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