Four Primary Goals Of Corrections

1521 Words7 Pages
Michael Brown
Has The Corrections System Maintained Their Goal of Fair Punishment and Community Protection Over the Last 10-20 years?
Prof. Wright
Corrections 101
March 29, 2018

In the criminal justice system, corrections is defined as the function responsible for the punishment, treatment and supervision of people who have been convicted of a crime. The correctional system serves four primary purposes which include: retribution, deterrence, incapacitation and rehabilitation. Each of these purposes is independent of the other. Retribution is punishment inflicted as a form of vengeance. Deterrence is the instillation of fear of punishment in a potential offender. Incapacitation in the context of corrections is setting punishments that prevent crime but not necessarily deterring it. Lastly, rehabilitation in corrections refers to the restoration of someone who is convicted back into society. Currently, the main focus of our corrections system is a crime-control model. The crime-control is a model of corrections based on the assumption that criminal behavior can be controlled by a greater use of incarceration and other forms of strict supervision. On the surface the crime-control model’s goal may appear to be to imprison a greater number of people and that it will not lower crime. However, when looking at official crime statistics this isn’t the case. The number of crimes, both violent and non-violent have decreased. Because of this the corrections system has
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