Then, the fault scenarios leading to the occurrence of top event are identified by constructing the FT structure. The hybrid uncertainty analysis is performed through combination of Monte Carlo simulation and fuzzy set theory which is explained in detail in section 3 of this paper. The probability of occurrence of top event is now calculated using the proposed fault tree based hybrid uncertainty analysis method. Finally, by calculating the importance measure of each fault scenario, the response strategies can be adopted by manager for
The procedure can be (1) algorithm, a predetermined sequence of actions that will lead to the correct answer when properly executed, or (2) actions that may need to be appropriately structured to solve a given problem (example equation is complete). This knowledge is developed through practice problem-solving, and thus dependent on the type of problem. Furthermore, 'It is clear the nature of the procedures that may set them apart from most other sciences' (Hiebert & Lefevre,
This pattern, represents an episode. It is similarly learnt as weight adjustments on the connections between F2 layer and selected category of F3 layer. An episode can be recognized based on the selected node in F3 layer and can be reproduced by a readout process. The corresponding events can be read out from F2 to F1 layer. Thus encoding, storing and retrieval of events is performed based on computational principles and
10. How does Pinker’s Figure 1 table on p 396 provide evidence against Gleitman’s syntax theory? He states that there is something that can be learned from hearing a verb in one frame, because frame semantics and frame syntax are very related, linking rules are an inferential mechanism in semantic bootstrapping, being able to predict how one can use a verb once they know what it means, and being able to govern how verbs change between
Specific aims include identification of data quality problems, initial insights into the data, and detection of interesting data subsets. Data understanding is further broken down into several Steps as well such as: - collection of initial data - description of data - exploration of data - verification of data
4. Data mining: This involves the task of analyzing the dataset and extracting the data patterns using various data mining algorithms like classification, regression, association and clustering. 5. Pattern evaluation and knowledge discovery: A systematic determination of strictly interesting patterns representing knowledge, is done using criteria governed by a set of standards. 6.
The concepts can then be further grouped to form a category and collection of categories with lead to formation of theory (Bernard, 2010). There are two major approaches to the grounded theory. In Glaser’s approach, the data are constantly analysed front very beginning go the research and interview. It is described in literature as qualitative data analysis. Strauss and Corbin approach is to looks at the data in a systematic way and generate a theory.
Data mining can be done on textual, quantitative or multimedia data. Data mining applications can use different kind of parameters to monitor the data. They include association (patterns where one event is related to another event), sequence or path analysis (patterns where one event leads to another event), classification (identification of new patterns with predefined targets) and clustering (grouping of identical or alike objects).Data mining involves some of the following key steps: (1) Problem definition: The first step is to discover goals. Based on the defined goal, the correct series of tools can be applied to the data to build the corresponding behavioral model. (2) Data exploration: If the value of data is not suitable for an perfect model then recommendations on future data collection and storage strategies can be made at this.
Any Java applet creation tool can be employed in WordPress templates. These tools can then be made to create various avenues of providing context sensitive help. The tools allow both the creation of on page help as well as creating a knowledge base that can support the definitions employed in the context sensitive help pop-ups and tooltips. The Importance of Context Sensitive Help Context sensitive help is extremely important for creating a well established website that aims to promote its ideas clearly. Context sensitive help allows users to fully understand the different terms described on a webpage.
Whenever the solution and its requirements are not clear or complete, the safe choice is an iterative model. The iteration process, allow for review of partial solutions and creation of the next steps of the plan. Resources are approved and released in the most efficient way possible (Wysocki, 2013). Projects using the linear model must have the following characteristics (Wysocki, 2013): • Complete and clearly defined goal. • Minor parts of the solution not yet
The mapper extracts the support the call identifier (pass to reducer as a key) and the support call description (pass to the reducer as the value). Each map tasks receives a subset of the initial centroids and is responsible for assign each input data point, to the nearest centroid (cluster). Every time the mapper generate the a key / value pair , where the key is the cluster identifier and the value corresponds to the coordinates of the point. The algorithm uses a combiner to reduce the amount of the data to be transferred from the mapper to the reducer. The Hadoop system follow the different task before approaching the map/reduce
Iterative and incremental approach is a better way of developing requirements and modules as well. 4. Requirements provide a complete operating picture of the solution, which helps in taking correct decisions during initial stages of software development life cycle (SDLC). Iterative and Incremental Approach This approach allows us to make changes before it is too late. Identifying user classes is always the first and the foremost thing to be determined by the requirement analyst before starting the work on the project.A product champion is highly important in Software development life cycle.
M1.Explain the importance of the quality of code The use of function in programming - In a programming there are different sections of the program that we want to repeat it. There are different type of instruction can be given a name. They are called functions and procedures. Algorithms can be divided into functions or procedures. Only instead of having to type out the entire instruction set of the need to save time by running the function.