Four Stages Of Project Management

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A project is defined as a planned, non-routine task to execute within a limited schedule and budget. Project management is the application of knowledge, skills and techniques to administer different activities as a whole to meet the requirements of the project. Projects come in many forms and may affect long or short-term objectives of the organization. A typical project has to have a defined goal, a schedule to adhere to, engagement of labour, needs to be innovative, and will have to address costs and benefits, and strategic performance requirements.

The project life cycle is utilized to manage and illustrate the stages to complete a project. The life cycle consists of 4-stages: the defining stage, the planning stage, the executing stage
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Being a member of the project team involved in a study to assess how climate change risks affect civilian airports in Singapore. This project involves the calling for a public tender where an awarded consultancy firm will carry out this study for the Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore. However, an actual project life cycle does not strictly adhere to the sequencing of the 4-stages in the cycle. To de-conflict, the actual processes experienced can is elaborated. Under the defining stage of a project, the team will have to define and justify the requirements and objectives this study will help address the concerns of climate change to the Singapore government. An example will be for instance on how flooding caused by climate change will affect the operational status of a civilian airport and the impact caused to the government and passengers. Setting of a realistic projected timeline and budget during the planning stage will have to take place concurrently with the defining stage. This is for the purpose of preparing and submission of an Approval of Request (AOR) paper to the approving authority indicating the need, scope of the study, timeline, costs and benefits. This process, although happens at the beginning of the entire life cycle, already involves co-workers in different departments working together to define the budget and requirements of the study. People management and the understanding of cultural differences greatly contribute to the collation of inputs to be gathered at this stage. The executing stage will involve the physical commencement of the calling of the tender. The project team will have to ensure that guidelines are adhered for the publication, collation, review, evaluation and consideration of award for the tender bids. To quantify and to evaluate the quality of the proposals received is next task that the project team will have to undertake as a whole. Internal and external
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