DOES LEADERSHIP MAKE A DIFFERENCE TO THE ORGANISATIONAL PERFORMANCE? “Leadership is a process by which an executive imaginatively directs guides and influences the work of others in choosing and attaining specified goals by mediating between the individuals and the organization in such a manner that both will obtain maximum satisfaction.” -Theo Haimann Leadership is an extensive subject of research for various organizations. It is sometimes closely related to management. However, management and leadership are very different from each other. Management works IN a system, leadership works ON the system.
Charisma or Idealized influence, the leadership providing a role model for employee to follow them. The follower have respect, trust and faith for their leadership style. Idealized leaders have a tendency to impact his/her followers in light of the fact that leaders show supporters an idealistic vision without bounds so as to persuade them to trust in their own prospects. Charismatic leaders show conviction, take stands, and engage adherents on an emotional level (Judge, T. A., & Piccolo, R. F,
Lewin, Lippitt, & White as cited in Hamid and Ismail (2015), conducted a research on organization and leadership styles such as democratic, autocratic, and laissez-faire. Leadership style refers to a leader’s manner of behavior in a work situation. Accordingly, leadership style can be influenced by one’s personality which means it deals mainly with the manner of the leader on how he/she carry his/her functions or authority and power and the decision-making process. Leaders tend to choose a leadership style that is most comfortable to them and which allow the subordinates to participate in the decision making process, and is also dependent on the values and the personality of the leaders. The research conducted found the authoritarian, also
Expectancy theory proposes that people engage in particular behaviors based on the probability that the behavior will be followed by a certain outcome and the value of that outcome (Vroom, 1964).Transactional leadership stems from more traditional views of workers and organizations, and it involves the position power of the leader to use followers for task completion (Burns, 1978).Leadership, then, is not only the process and activity of the person who is in a leadership position, but also encompasses the environment this leader creates and how this leader responds to the surroundings, as well as the particular skills and activities of the people being led. Transformational leadership, however, searches for ways to help motivate followers by satisfying higher-order needs and more fully engaging them in the process of the work (Bass, 1985).Goal setting theory takes a somewhat different approach, suggesting that people are motivated to achieve goals, and their intentions drive their behavior (Locke, 1968).Additional motivation theories include expectancy theory, equity theory, goal setting, and
A simple definition of leadership is: "The impact of an organized group toward the realization of its objectives." This definition emphasizes leadership viewed as a process, directed at specific populations affected, in order to meet the stated objectives of importance. The Word Reference Dictionary (2003) defines leadership as “the activity of leading; the body of people who lead a group; the status of a leader; the ability to lead.” Yet another traditional definition of leadership is: an interpersonal influence directed toward the achievement of a goal or goals (Allen, 1998). This definition stresses the fact that a leader influences more than one person toward a goal. Proctor (2004), stated that some leaders are bom and others are made.
LEADERSHIP Introduction Depending on how various individuals perceive it, leadership is described in many ways. Leadership is “the process by which a person influences others to achieve an objective”. (Learn to be a leader.com, 2009) On the other hand ,leadership is that process in which one person sets the purpose or direction for one or more other persons and gets them to move along together with him /her, with each other in that direction with competence and full commitment. Roebuck (1999) also emphasised that, leadership should set an individual apart from the rest. She also said one does not need to be in high position (i.e.
They enhance the team spirit, leaders using the inspiration, idealized influence to their follower, envision a range of possible future, make a clear direction to goal and commitment to the mission to their followers. They are a good leader that admired, respected, trusted and willingness to go above and beyond by followers. This kind of leaders can encourage their subordinates by intellectually supposition, they know how to frame and reframe those problems that occur from the task, peers with team on innovation and
Leadership is mostly concern behaviour and management mostly concern processes. Leadership have qualities includes commitment, determination, self-confidence, intelligence, seriousness, modesty, passion, compassion and positive. Leadership use quotes to motivate and inspire the teams because great people’s quotes are affected and boost morale. There is difference between characters and skills. For example, Characters Skills Supportive Intelligent Trustworthy Creative Self-Confident Diplomatic & Tactful Flexible to situation Speaking
LEADERSHIP STYLES A leadership style is a leader's style of providing direction, implementing plans, and motivating people. However, the most appropriate leadership style depends on the function of the leader, the followers and the situation. Following are the most common leadership styles: AUTOCRATIC LEADERSHIP STYLE Autocratic leadership style is a commanding type of leadership style in which leader is very task oriented. The leader does not delegate much responsibility to followers. He want all powers to be vested in his hands and want to have full authority on his followers.
Many people misunderstand the role of a manger and a leader. The purpose of this essay is to explain what path-goal theory of leadership is, to identify the four styles of leadership styles of path goal theory, and to explain when they are most appropriately used. Ogbeide (cited in Obbeide 2011) defines that no matter what type of leadership styles are practiced, leadership mainly involves a powerful relationship between leaders and followers to accomplish a specific goal. According to Williams, McWilliams & Lawrence (2017) leaders are concerned with doing the right things like getting the most output with the least amount of inputs, while managers are concerned with doing things right and completing activities so that organisational goals are attained. Organisations need both managers and leaders.