Four Types Of Teams In Organizations

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An organization is a social unit of people that is structured and managed carefully to meet a need or to accomplish particular goals. Organizations can be simply explained by considering them as systems. Just like a system, an organization has well defined and deliberated inputs to attain a desired result. There is constant feedback throughout the organization to aid the process. Business organizations vary in size; from one person to thousands of members. Being a social system with so many possible variations, organizations are complex and thus one of the key components of an organization is studied in detail – the employees. Organisational Behaviour is a systematic study of the actions and attitudes that people exhibit within the organisations…show more content…
Generally, we find four types of teams in the modern organization: Self-managed teams, problem solving teams, cross functional teams, and virtual teams. Self-managed teams typically consist of ten to fifteen members and they themselves are directly responsible for the output and performance of the team. They may even select their own members based on how they fit into a particular team. Problem solving teams are traditionally formed to tackle pressing issues in the organization. They meet for a few hours every week to discuss and brainstorm ways to improve productivity and efficiency. Cross functional teams are made up of members of an organization that are on the same hierarchical level (for example, VPs of different parts of an organization). These teams are aimed at creating a tightly integrated system that reduces time taken to plan and execute tasks. The fourth type of teams are Virtual teams. Unlike the previous three, virtual teams may not meet face to face at all and instead, rely on digital technology to communicate online. Virtual teams utilize video conferencing, e-mail, instant messaging, and other such networked methods. Teams may also be either temporary – lasting only till the duration of a project and being dissolved after, or permanent – lasting beyond the completion of one or more projects and not being…show more content…
Teams and groups have subtle but very clear differences and are also different in scope. While a group is a collection of individuals in an organization whose performance is a sum of the inputs of individuals, a team is a particular type of group which works together and focuses on a joint goal. Each individual in a team works with others in synergy to accomplish a team’s objective goals. In a group, each individual is only responsible and accountable for their own respective area, however, in a team, the individuals collaborate with each other. Groups always have a fixed hierarchy, with the manager or supervisor at the top and sub-ordinates in succession but teams may be manager-led or have some autonomy by being self-managed. Individuals are the core component of groups and tasks are completed individually, even though they are formally organized into one social unit together. On the other hand, teams are responsible for their own work and monitor themselves. Therefore, the key difference between teams and groups are the specifics – i.e., the dynamics of the team or group and the reason why they were brought together (Keen, 2003).
It is then easy to conclude by saying that Organizational behavior plays a very important role in the management of any organization by impacting the performance, operation, work environment, and most importantly, the individuals involved. Organizational behavior applies the knowledge
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