Introduction The way that many leaders and managers in the workplace lead their employees or staff can affect the daily running of the organisation. It is important to stress and distinguish the different roles that leaders and managers play in a structured organisation. According to Sharma and Jain (2013:309), these two roles work well together and should not be separated. The main role of a leader is to motivate and inspire while the manager is responsible for co-ordinating, planning and organising (Sharma and Jain, 2013:209). Booysens (2005:417) well defined a leader as an individual that directs a group’s behaviour in order to reach a common objective or goal.
Participative management, however, involves more than allowing employees to take part in making decisions. It also involves management treating the ideas and suggestions of employees with consideration and respect. The most extensive form of participative management is direct employee ownership of a company. Democratic Leader who encourages open communication and staff participation in decisions. Workers are given responsibility, accountability, and feedback regarding their performance.
The traditional organization style concentrated on a pyramid order, with supervisors and managers controlling all components of the representatives beneath them, including interpersonal connections, ventures and disciplinary activities. Conversely, contemporary organization regularly has administrators with distinctive parts so these assignments are imparted among a gathering as cited in (Johnson,
This type of structure combines the departments seen in functional structures with project teams. In this employees work across other projects and teams as well as within their own department. The matrix brings together employees by function as well as
Everyone understands the word “culture” however, it is one among the words that are difficult to express distinctly. It is used in different contexts in everyday communication and in scholarly literature as well. Culture can be defined as a way of thinking, behaving, working or customs followed by a group of people in a society or workplace. Organizational culture is developed from the social behaviours exhibited by the members of the organization. Therefore, it is a social reality that exists in the minds of members of the organization as well as in the governing rules of the organizational structures (Nwugwo 2001).The culture of an organisation plays a key and vital role in shaping the attitudes of the employees and in determining the organisational
This can only be achieved when key resources i.e. human resources, finances and processes are brought together at the point of service delivery and are carefully synchronized. Furthermore, in this assignment I would like to provide a mix of theoretical knowledge as well as practical experience personally gained or observed within the transport industry as well as within my organisation. Additionally leadership versus management will be defined and analysed providing a detailed leader profile. QUESTION 1: EFFECTIVE LEADERSHIP AND MANAGEMENT The main difference between leaders and managers is that leaders have people follow them while managers have people who work for them.
Accountability means doing your own job, like the three separate circles (see figure 1). Although everyone finishes their work, there is still a grey area, especially in high work specialization. Gray area is the part that doesn’t effectively communicate and cause some problem. Only when everyone is willing to extend their circles (taking more responsibilities) spontaneously, cooperate and then fill up the gray area together (see figure 2). This is the attitude that “Accountable Team” represents and also the corporate culture that we expected to
- Relationship oriented leadership: in this type of leadership a leader takes input from all of his team member and then works accordingly with them. This type of leaders aims specifically to build a strong relation with their employs or team members. This results in high level of productivity and job satisfaction. Contingency theories: though trait and behavior theories help us in understanding leadership they miss an important part that is the environment in which leader exist. Contingency theory help us understand this aspect of leadership.
Leaders have a vision and influence others by their actions and comments. Leadership is the ability to influence other people (Lansdale)Leadership is the ability of a manager to induce subordinate to work with zeal confidence. The leadership skills are A) skills of personal behaviour :Sensitive to the feeling of the group ,Identifies self with needs of the group ,Does not ridicule or criticize others suggestion and Does not argue. B) skills of communication : Listen attentively , Make sure everyone understands, Establish positive communication with the group , Recognizes that everyone‘s contribution are important C.)Skills of organization : Develop short and long term objectives , Break big problem into small ones , Share responsibilities and opportunities and Plan, act, follow-up and evaluate D.)Skills of self examination : Aware of personal motivation , Aware of group members, Helps group to aware of their attitudes and values , Even new graduate nurses have leadership responsibilities when they begin in