Before any conclusions can be made regarding the message of the Four Gospels, it is important to consider whether they are historically accurate. Arguments swing between them being either accurate in their portrayal of historical events, or that very few of the events in them took place. Even the central figure of the gospels, Jesus Christ, receives a mixed response from scholars. Many scholars would agree that Christ is a historical figure. The issues that cause controversy are the miraculous events surrounding His life.
In these example Jesus is preaching and teaching God’s message in synagogues in the temple and even on a boat as there was overcrowding on the land. These examples represent the popularity of Jesus message and that people were attracted to the word of God from Jesus’ teachings. The theorist Rudolf Bultmann acknowledges that Jesus on earth was a rabbinical teacher who re-interpreted the law and preached a more radicalised Old Testament faith in God. Bultmann has firm beliefs that Christianity only began after Jesus was crucified and that earthly Jesus remained within the framework of Judaism. He believes that this history of Jesus and the Old Testament covenant has been superseded by Christianity.
The word “critical” often conjures the incorrect image of negativity. If the Four Gospels are to be analysed critically would this study find loopholes only? This need not be the case, as the Four Gospels, and the Bible as a whole, has withstood the test of time. As a stand-alone text, the Bible has proven its accuracy in its portrayal of events, its authorship, and its date of writing. Though scholars have tried to use both textual and literary criticism to discredit the Four Gospels, there are an equal number of scholars, using these same tools, who have proved that the Four Gospels have an accurate portrayal of events.
The true definition of Solus Christus can be fully explained by Paul, in 1 Timothy 2:5 (NIV) “For there is one God and one mediator between God and mankind, the man Christ Jesus.” The Reformers believed that Christ was the one and only mediator between man and God. As Calvin states: “Concerning our Lord Jesus Christ, we must also be aware that he is our Advocate, and that without him we cannot approach God.” (John Calvin) The Roman Catholic Church, however, thought that man did not have direct access to Christ or God, but that a priest must intercede between man and Mary, and Mary must intercede between the priest and Christ, and only then can Christ intercede to God for
In many ways, the ministry of Jesus Christ can be understood through his interactions with other people. In particular, Jesus’ interactions with others while sharing a meal often reveal the heart of his ministry. The simple act of eating with another is mentioned in all four of the Gospels, especially in the gospels of Luke and John. Luke and John’s Gospels use stories of Jesus eating with others to highlight the most important aspect of his ministry, sacrificial and radical love for the other. Of the four Gospels, Luke’s contains the most accounts of food.
Although the first chapter of the Gospel of Mark is an ancient story that is foreseeably written for a largely agrarian society with subjugated people, it has many important messages that are relevant to people in the 21st century. For instance, in the first chapter Mark elucidates upon the importance of John the Baptist. In particular, John the Baptist is described as “the voice of one crying out in the wilderness. ‘Prepare the way of the Lord, make his paths straight’” (Mk 1:3). Within the first three verses Mark characterizes John the Baptist as God’s “messenger” (Mk 1:2) whose purpose is to prepare people for God’s arrival in the form of Jesus (Pagola 81).
He recounted the all too common feeling of a meaningless life, the seemingly innate itch of human existence, and how it brought him to various places in his life—until he stumbled upon a particular group of people and was changed forever. This introduction, though short, is crucial to understand, for it sets the stage for the remainder of the book. It tells not only the story of a former non-believer, but the story of everyone—it presents us the life of Jesus Christ, not as a gentle sermon or a feel-good retelling, but as an assertive, rational reply to the accusation: ‘Christianity is a myth, and so is your God.’ III.
The four gospels stems to complement one another by ways of being eyewitnesses and their shared experiences. Each uniquely conveyed Jesus as being the Son of the living God and performing many healing miracles, showing power over nature and miracles of raising the dead. No one can claim His identity or proclaim His suffering, other than Jesus himself. The gospels complement the human nature aspect of Jesus, that is, His genealogy, childhood, his suffering, death and burial, and His resurrection and ascension. Likewise, Jesus having human characteristics according to the gospels: Jesus could be touched, Jesus endured hunger, thirst, tiredness, sleepless, he was able to show compassion, as well as indignation and anger, and tears of sorrow.
In all three gospels, Jesus is a teacher who provides advice on spirituality and accepting God’s will. He chose twelve disciples to whom he gives special parables; meant to teach them. Jesus is a miracle maker who heals the ill and fights off the Devil’s temptations. In the Old Testament, he is the Messiah and tells the good grace in Galilee and Judea. Finally, in all three, Jesus partakes in the Last Supper, is betrayed by Judas, and deserted by Peter while in captivity and is crucified, only to be resurrected.
Christianity is mentioned in the story multiple times, for example by people going to church: " the processional at Christ Church on Sunday"(569), but also in morals such as "[H]e knew that the moral card house would come down on them all ... if he got caught taking advantage a the baby-sitter" (574) or "Things seemed arranged with more propriety even than in the Kingdom of Heaven"(574). In the case of this main theme, however, the symbolism of the story constructs the theme of Christianity. Because of the extensive use of Christian and biblical imagery, Christianity now becomes a theme in the story. The first mention of Christianity is immediately a visual image "All but the children saw in their minds the spreading wings of the Angel of Death" (566). This quotation not only references Christian mythology but also indicates and assumes a certain consciousness of not only everyone in the story but also the reader about these myths; another example of a visual image "She ... lights the six candles in the vale of years" (567) is a biblical phrase and a symbol for earthly life.