According to Grice (1975), a speaker may flout a maxim, that is he or she blatantly fail to fulfil it and this situation is one that characteristically gives rise to conversational implicature and when a conversational implicature generated in this way, Grice says that a maxim is being exploited. Implicature which he means how someone manage to communicate something that is distinct from what he or she literally says and not logically implied by, ‘what is said’.
By ‘flouting a maxim’ Grice actually means something more than blatantly failing to fulfil it. Rather, he takes it to be a matter of failing to do so, in a situation in which the speaker is able to fulfil the maxim and to do so without violating another maxim (because of a clash), is not opting out, and is not, in view of the blatancy of his performance, trying to mislead. In addition, Levinson is also discussed about flouting in his book entitled “Pragmatics”. Levinson states that flouting is a kind of…show more content… Below are the examples of each flouting maxims in order to get a clear understanding.
Maxim of Quality:
This flouting happens if the speaker says something untrue or the speaker tells lie which means he or she denies something that is believed to be false. Grice (1975) adds if figure of speech like irony, metaphor, meiosis and hyperbole can flout the maxim of quality. For example:
You’re the cream of in my coffee
(Grice, 1975, p. 53-54)
The example above explains that the speaker flouts maxim of quality. It characteristically involve category falsity, the speaker should give a true contribution and the contribution above only can make the hearer confuses. The hearer might be has two interpretation, you’re the cream of in my coffee intending the hearer to reach first metaphor interpretant “you are my pride and joy” and then the irony interpretant “you are my