Late modernism is often questioned as to whether it differs in any way from the modernism period. This period describes a movement that arose from the modernist era and reacts against it, by rejecting its’ great narratives and abolishing the barriers between the traditional forms of arts, in order to disturb the genre and its literary production. The late modern writing explores mortality, the flaws of culture and also the potential aesthetic form. Writer William Faulkner, is seen as a modernist writer that uses an elaborative writing model where all stances are ambiguous and for introducing irony and humor in his literary constructions. Faulkner addresses in his writing freedom of expression and individualism, which are a clear break in the traditional and outdated formal model of writing that describes the creative strategies and the specific style that portrays him as a late modernist.
THEME OF SURVIVAL IN CORMAC MCCARTHY’S “THE ROAD” INTRODUCTION In the development of American Literature, the American novel has played a very important role in the establishment of American characteristics, and the breadth of its production now cause it to be considered a separate path and tradition. The New England colonies were the centre of early American literature. Henry David wrote Walden, which stresses on the resistance to the dictates of on organized society. American novels focus on the landscape of the country, America. They portrayed poverty, survival, hunger, alienation and cultural conflicts in their novels.
Reason and enlightenment played a dominant role during the period of the age of reason. Satirical and skeptical were the mode of their writing style. Emotions, feelings, instinct and idealism are key for the writer those emerged during the Romantic and Gothic period in American literature. Imagination and autobiographical elements dominate in the works whereas supernatural elements are blended in the works of the Dark Romantics. Autonomy and individualism are given preference by the transcendentalists.
Through the formal division of the book into two parts, Mailer seeks to establish an inquiry about the status of genres traditionally polarized as fiction and history, literature and journalism, novel and history. In this sense, if the first part of the work appears to be a novel about the March, Mailer says, because of the fictional techniques employed, on the other hand it also approaches the biography, a kind of autobiographical document that reflects "the author’s memory scrupulous to facts"; according to him, that approach would be history, true story.
Post-colonial theory according to John Lye(1998) deals with [T]he reading and writing of literature written in previously or currently colonized countries or literature written in colonizing countries which deals with colonization or colonized peoples. It focuses particularly on the way in which literature by the colonizing culture distorts the experience and realities, and inscribes the inferiority, of the colonized people and on literature by colonized peoples which attempts to articulate their identity and reclaim their past in the face of that past's inevitable otherness. Postcolonial theory is built in large part around the concept of otherness. There are however problems with or complexities to the concept of otherness, for
Various literary tools used by Adiga and the liberty taken by him to discuss the drastic change over in the attitude of the contemporary socio-cultural scenario are evaluated. The author has attempted to subvert the elitist historiography and to create a common platform for the co-existence of the elite and subaltern narratives. He has made use of the postcolonial discourse to erase the bordering perceptions and paved way for mutual coexistence where both the centre and periphery can overlap and take the other side with strenuous effort. Key Words: linguistics, postcolonial narratives, hegemony, stylistics, historiography. Adiga has experienced linguistic colonization with imperialism, colonialism and globalization.
IN YOUR OPINION WHAT FACTORS CONTRIBUTE TO A GOOD FICTION? ABSTRACT: Reading is a very good hobby, it helps us in many ways, everyone should develop this good habit but, unfortunately, now-a-days, it is the pass time of the minority. Nevertheless, all of us must have read some novel at least once and we must have our favourite novels. These are often works of fiction, a glimpse of the writer’s imagination while some writers pen down their own experiences. A fiction is a narrative form derived from the writer’s imagination.
The main purpose of the research is to examine in detail about postmodern traits with specific reference to Indian diaspora in fictional works of Amitav Ghosh. The novels like The Glass Palace, River of Smoke and Sea of Poppies of Amitav Ghosh have been specifically considered for this review. These novels are the perfect evidence for the postmodern traits and the treatment of diaspora written by Amitav Ghosh. In these novels, Ghosh has engaged incessantly in the risk of putting otherised/marginalised individual back in the middle of the narrative, and saving from getting lost in the hegemonic portrayal of the nation. Especially concerned with the South Asian diaspora in the various regions of the world, the novels are endeavoured narrations of anti-Hegelian history of the world, including the hitherto left-out narratives of the familiar individual – the predicament against the historical backdrop, this endeavour is to resist the hegemony of the nation through the own experiences and story and search for the own identity.
Both movements away from the apparent objectivity provided by omniscient third-person narrators, fixed narrative points of view, and clear cut moral positions. Another factor is that both postmodern and modern literature search into the problem of subjectivism in character development, as a result turning from external reality to examine into the inner states of consciousness. In many cases, both attach on modernist tradition of the stream of consciousness styles developed by Virginia Woolf and James Joyce, or the explorative poems style developed by T. S. Elliot in The Waste Land; these and other examples of various connections between modernist and postmodernist novels by different authors shows that the narrative art of fiction is many-faceted. Such an aesthetic, thematic, and narrative stylistic multiplicity invites explorations from different angles and issues a chain of high aesthetic literary
This paper tries to highlight the novel through diasporic perspective .As this novel deals with the Indian freedom movement, the unequal power relationship between the colonizers and colonized is clearly evident in it. This paper pays attention to this unequal power relationship and explores the colonial and the colonized psyche at length. It also studies the issue of nationalism and the suitability of mythical patterns used in the novel which relates the nation 's present to its past. Like all migrants, Rushdie has not been able to shake himself free of the idea of roots. He has variously discussed the issue of identity and roots in Midnight 's Children.