Francis Bacon And The Scientific Revolution

894 Words4 Pages
During the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries, in Western Europe, two opposing sides argued many different points during the Scientific Revolution. The Scientific Revolution was a time of change where many scientists were doing experiments, trying to understand how the world works. One side was the scientists, and the other was the Roman Catholic Church. This church was the biggest and most powerful church in Western Europe. They were always trying to gain followers and grow stronger. These sides were against each other because they had different perspectives. The scientists were discovering and experimenting with the real world while the Roman Catholic Church relied on interpretation of the Bible for their information. The debatable topics that…show more content…
Inductive reasoning is making a hypothesis, then performing tests and experiments to try to see if it is true. After the tests, the data is analyzed and an overall claim is made. Deductive reasoning is stating a claim, then backing it up with general knowledge to prove it is true. To add on, the people using deductive reasoning did not perform experiments or tests. Author, Dr. Kathryn Wolford, stated on Khan Academy that scientist, Francis Bacon, mentioned that people must doubt everything before they know that it is true (Francis Bacon and the Scientific Revolution). They further mentioned that Bacon made a process where scientists could test certain scenarios and collect evidence from the outcomes to prove a claim (Francis Bacon and the Scientific Revolution). An article by Indiana University said that, scientist and philosopher, Rene Descartes used the scientific method to connect mathematics with physics (The Scientific Revolution). On the other hand, the church used the deductive reasoning method. An article titled, Scientific Revolution, by Alissa Shinder, stated that the RCC agreed with Ptolemy and Aristotle about how they believed in the geocentric theory (Shinder). The church just assumed that this theory was right because they knew that those two philosophers were incredibly smart. They did not have evidence or data that proved this theory to actually be true. That…show more content…
Author, Brian, wrote on his article about John Locke and Thomas Hobbs, two political scientists that, they believed that society should be led by the people (Brian). Additionally, they wanted a government where the people have the power to help govern their government (Brian). As said by C N Trueman, founder of The History Learning Site, that the church did not like this idea because they had total power before this revolution took place (Trueman). Trueman added, “In 1500 the Roman Catholic Church was all powerful in western Europe” (Trueman). Before this revolution, most people followed the Catholic church and supported them. The Pope would rule the society, and that 's how it went. But, with more and more people following the scientific reasoning method, the church was not as popular. Less people started to believe in the idea that God created everything (Shinder). The church did not want to lose power, but with Hobbs, Locke, and other scientists, it was a challenge to keep their trusts of the people.

In conclusion, throughout the Scientific Revolution, the knowledgeable scientists and powerful church, had many different perspectives on different situations. The scientists did a lot of experimentation while the church relied on the Bible for information. They both made claims about the world and way of life according to what they knew. Their
Open Document