The fictional horror novel of Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein is driven by the accentuation of humanity’s flaws. Even at the very mention of her work an archetypal monster fills one’s imagination, coupled with visions of a crazed scientist to boot. Opening her novel with Robert Walton, the conduit of the story, he also serves as a character to parallel the protagonist’s in many ways. As the ‘protagonist’ of the story, Victor Frankenstein, takes on the mantle of the deluded scientist, his nameless creation becomes the embodiment of a truly abandoned child – one left to fend for itself against the harsh reality posed by society. On the other hand, Walton also serves as a foil to Victor – he is not compulsive enough to risk what would be almost
While in the laboratory creating the monster, the setting around Victor is very mysterious which could make one infer that something dark will happen. Victor describes the atmosphere by adding; “The rain pattered dismally against the pains, and my candle was nearly burnt out, ” (Shelley 42). Just as this is said, the monster comes to life taking victor aback by his catastrophic, frightening looks. The gloomy atmosphere reflects exactly onto the key event of the creation of the monster. After the death of his brother, victor decides to travel to a summit.
Responsibility is the state or fact of having a duty to deal with something or of having control over someone. In the novel Frankenstein by Mary Shelley, the reader finds many examples of the importance, need, and especially lack of responsibility with characters like Victor and the monster. A reader of Frankenstein sees multifarious examples of Shelley’s theme of the dangers in not taking responsibility even today in the real world. In the novel Frankenstein by Mary Shelley, Shelley’s portrayal of Victor as selfish suggests that not taking responsibility can lead to pain, death, and the suffering of others as we see in the novel which relates to today's society of powerful countries not taking responsibility for the weapons that they create, and the damage that is revealed as a result. Characters in Frankenstein not taking responsibility show the reader the potential dangers of pain and death in numerous situations in the novel.
In Frankenstein, Victor asks Walton for a favor as he lies on his deathbed saying, “I asked you to undertake my unfinished work; and I renew this request now, when I am only induced by reason and virtue” (157). Shelley repeatedly uses the root word “un” in the words “undertake” and “unfinished”, as the root of both words means not, directly contradicting Victor’s claim that he is “only induced by reason and virtue”. Just as Satan is notorious for being deceptive, Victor also uses deception to his advantage in an attempt to convince Walton to carry out his revenge against the Creature after he dies. Victor’s trickery is very similar to Satan’s plan to tempt Adam and Eve into pursuing knowledge. He sneaks into the Garden of Eden disguised as a snake, a creature with a reputation for being notorious trickster who uses deceptive language to play tricks on humans.
Do you share my madness?” (Shelley 28). After everything he went through, Victor still thought that the quest for knowledge was worth the death of his entire family because male identity is tied to his romanticized quest, “Do not return to your families with the stigma of disgrace marked on your brows.” (215). We must ask, what shifts Victor’s purpose from a warning to a doubling down on his male hubris?
In the novel Frankenstein, the author Mary Shelley shows the everlasting power of nature by limiting the knowledge man can learn about it. Throughout the book there are many times when Victor yearns for nature in order to heal him from the misery and violence in his life. This misery and violence are caused by his determination to learn more about the natural world. The monster Victor creates, due to his loneliness, defies the unwritten rules of nature and exemplifies the supernatural aspect of the novel. Victor’s mood completely shifts when he is around nature and he instantly feels calmer when near it.
The wind was picking up, and the lightning bolts started flashing. There were great rolls of thunder. The house was shaking and the trash was blowing away outside. Then our family had to go through something we had never experienced before. It was the beginning of June of last year.
And who is it who in fact enjoyed his solitude and seclusion from society? That would be none other than Victor Frankenstein himself. The disturbing reality that Victor is part god and part wild beast for his cruel actions towards his creation displays the evil that comes from a man when he removes himself from society. The Monster partially experiences these effects as well from his unwelcome seclusion from society when he is also slowly pulled back and forth between good and evil. Mary Shelley made no mistake in making this clear through her writing, however.
I had feelings of affection, and they were requited by detestation and scorn,’” (Shelley, 20.11). Victor denies the monster humanity because he is appalled by his features, and that’s what makes Victor the true monster. He made early judgement on who the monster was before the monster could speak because he was terrifying, and society had made him believe that if it were different it was dangerous. Even when the monster promised to leave society forever if he were only given someone to love, to feel normal, the idea that anything outside their realm of societal norms being allowed to continue existing was just too much for Victor.
At first, he believed his health would merely ‘fix itself’ as he continued on, “The energy of my purpose alone sustained me: my labourers would soon end, and I believed that exercise and amusement would then drive away my incipient disease” (Shelley 42). Obviously Victor’s health wouldn’t miraculously get better with time or once he finished the monster; therefore his ambition lead him to disregard his declining physical health. Furthermore, Victor supplemented his physical health concerns to put more time, energy, and focus into the creature, “For this I had deprived myself of rest and health. I had desired it with an ardour that far exceeded moderation; but now that I had finished, the beauty of the dream vanished” (Shelley 43).
The author, Mary Shelley employs figurative language in this excerpt of Frankenstein to exaggerate the journey of Victor coming to Geneva. Shelley conveys the natural disasters occurred through a foreboding tone. This passage starts out by talking about a storm that appeared as Victor strolls along the town. Shelley uses personification to give the storm an unpredictable nature by describing lightning "playing on the summit of Mont Blanc" to draw the attention of how dangerous the storm looks. This figurative device implies to the tone because the description of the lightening foreshadows dangerous occurrences to come.
In the novel “Frankenstein”, Mary Shelley displays a variety of themes throughout the novel. The author utilizes various themes that were controversial during the time of the release of Frankenstein. The reader can find themes like the quest for knowledge or even a prejudice theme. The quest for knowledge was one of the most controversial themes because of the use of science being utilized for evil frightened people at the time. Although, these themes were very controversial, the predominant theme Mary Shelley exhibits in the novel is family, society, and isolation.
While in nature, Victor Frankenstein laments, “If our impulses were confined to hunger, thirst, and desire, we might be nearly free; but now we are moved by every wind that blows, and a chance word or scene that that word may convey to us” (92). What does this quote mean and how does it apply to his own life? Nature is often an area where Victor Frankenstein goes to reflect on his life. His pensive thoughts come through when he observes the sublime nature. His quote means that life at its simplest elements, in which basic survival is most necessary, we would be free from the constraints imposed by higher order thoughts and civilization.
Throughout the book Frankenstein, Mary Shelly uses nature imagery to show the character’s emotions and mood. Mary Shelley often uses nature and the character’s surroundings to reflect the character’s mood. In chapter 11, the monster is alone during the winter, having to survive in this unfamiliar world he is cold and frightened especially during the cold winter nights. “It was dark when I awoke; I felt cold also, and half frightened, as it were, instinctively, finding myself so desolate.” (Shelly, 105)
Is it cruel to expect a person to go on with life whose fate is sealed by the monster inside them? Technological progresses have been developing over time with new inventions and new ideas. Moral responsibility is knowing right from wrong and taking the responsibility of those actions. In Frankenstein, by Mary Shelley, monstrosity is a main theme and issue in the novel. Monstrosity is something that is unpleasant to look at.