He launches a new definition of justice: justice means that you owe friends help, and you owe enemies harm. Socrates shows many contradictions in this view. He declares that, because our judgment concerning friends and enemies is fallible, this will lead us to harm the good and help the bad. Socrates points out that there is some contradictions in the idea of harming people through justice. Socrates then conclude that injustice cannot be a virtue because it is contrary to wisdom, which is a virtue.
Unprotected speech includes obscenity (for example, works that lack serious value), fraudulent misinterpretation, defamation (written and spoken), fighting words (words likely to cause and average person to fight), and advocacy of imminent lawless behavior (Lecture 7). These four instances are not protected as free speech because they carry the weight to seriously injure someone physically, emotionally, or financially, specifically in the instances of fraud, defamation, advocacy of imminent lawless behavior, and fighting words. The first theory about the justification of expansive freedom of speech comes from John Stuart Mill and is called the “Utility
But, taking into account all of Wilde’s arguments to defend the book, one must understand that this book isn’t looking to have a moral impact, but instead to free art from morality and social punishment, making society understand what aestheticism really is. Therefore, this book is neither moral nor
Albert Einstein once said, “The world is a dangerous place, not because of those who do evil, but because of those who look on and do nothing.” Einstein is implying by this statement, in a more fundamental state, “criminals are not at fault for their crimes.” This is, of course, incorrect; one cannot use a bystander as a scapegoat. However, what did he mean by his statement? Is his quote to be taken literally, where onlookers to crimes are more guilty, or rather as a metaphor, simply implying the observers’ faults?
There are two major types of innuendo. The first is false innuendo. It is a defamatory statement made that has an implied meaning, so only individuals who have the necessary contextual knowledge can appreciate and understand that the comment is defamatory. This may require some sort of cultural, geographic information.
Cassius shows Brutus that it is simple ethics to be recognized for your good service. He says to Brutus that he is blind and cannot see his own potential. Cassius does this to show Brutus that he is being controlled by Caesar and how Caesar does not appreciate the things Brutus or any of the politicians do for him. He tells him: ‘Well, Brutus, thou art noble. Yet I see Thy honorable mettle may be wrought From that it is disposed.
The use of lying and deception in politics is moral, because they are essential tools utilized by politicians to maintain the overall wellbeing of the society. There are numerous examples of politicians lying and deceiving to maintain the well-being of the public. For example, Abraham Lincoln, a president beloved by the American people, stated to the public that he “didn't believe in political equality for slaves because he didn't want to get too far ahead of public opinion.” Although he despised slavery, it was necessary for him, as the leader of the Union, to lie in order to maintain the support of the four
Informal Fallacies Fallacy: Burden of Proof Appeal to Ignorance ("Ad Ignorantiam") Description of Burden of Proof Burden of Proof is a fallacy in which the burden of proof is placed on the wrong side. Another version occurs when a lack of evidence for side A is taken to be evidence for side B in cases in which the burden of proof actually rests on side B. A common name for this is an Appeal to Ignorance. This sort of reasoning typically has the following form: 1. Claim X is presented by side A and the burden of proof actually rests on side B. 2.
The machine did not work. She sued for breach of an implied warranty that the goods were fit for purpose. The Plaintiff did not know that the contract contained this exclusion clause – it was, the Court noted, ‘in regrettably small print but quite legible’. When the document is signed it is immaterial that a party has not read it and does not know if its contents. He is bound unless there has been fraud or misrepresentation.
Freud’s id represents underlying desires that seek gratification. These desires may be prohibited by society or considered taboo, such as greed, power, sex, or murder. The id, in contrast to the superego, is irrational and will seek the unconscious desires without the thought of consequences (Nolas-Alausa 7). Oedipus of Sophocles’s Oedipus Rex falls victim to the id of his own unconscious which is represented by his immoral and irrational actions and the consequences he suffers because of them.
Around the presidential election of 1824, the presidential candidates -John Quincy Adams, Henry Clay, and Andrew Jackson- took part in the “Corrupt Bargain”, an alliance made between Adams and Clay in order to secure Adams’ presidency. During the Electoral College, Jackson received 99 votes in front of Adams who received 84 votes, while Jackson did receive more votes, he had not gotten a majority of votes, so the House of Representatives were to choose the next president. The spokesman of the House of Representatives, Henry Clay, was to choose between the two candidates. Instead of choosing for the sake of the country, Clay chose to help himself, as Adams had offered him a position as the secretary of state. After Adams’ presidency was secured,
In the play Antigone, Eteocles and Polyneices are The brothers of Antigone. The brothers killed eachother in battle fighting over the throne of Thebes which caused calamity. The brothers defiled their reputation fighting over power. Antigone's uncle, Creon, the new king, gave Eteocles a proper burial but refused to give Polyneices a proper burial because he believed he was a traitor. Antigone transgresses king Creon's law and berries Polyneices.
Julius Caesar, one of the humblest leaders of Rome, may have been misread. Throughout his brief leadership of Rome, Julius Caesar has done many things that made people of Rome suspicious of his moral intentions. These people that had their suspicions in Caesar became the conspirators that killed him. Some of the things that Julius did were Julius refused the crown of Rome, he did not let the citizens of Rome persuade his decision about Publius Cimber, and he also refused to listen to the people who told him about the conspiracy.
Destruction can come in the form of corruption as can be seen by literary in the medieval period. A good work to look at is Geofrey Chaucer's story, The Canterbury Tales as it relates corruption to people. In the most lively moments, Chaucer's story relays to the reader how many can be different than what they seem. These lies can also end up destroying a kingdom. Many would take deliberate steps to fool anyone who gaze upon them, and in Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales it is seen that there were precedents that were set in place to make the situation of the story seem important as it "was soon one with them in fellowship, / Pledged to rise early and to take the way"(Chaucer l.32-33. 115).
Corruption in the Catholic Church has been prevalent through out history. Throughout the ages, the church has been able to survive scandals, wars, and corruption and has been able to maintain popularity. But during the Middle Ages, the Catholic Church started to decline in popularity. Catholics started to regard the church with skepticism and suspicion. Although the church was created for the purpose of religious guidance, the corrupt leaders and followers of the Catholic Church changed the morals and ideals the church was founded upon.