Freakonomics Review Steven D. Levitt and Stephen J. Dubner’s Harper 2005 New York Times bestselling novel, Freakonomics, digs deep into the hidden side of economics. From comparing the safety of swimming pools and guns to discovering the truth about drug dealing, this book will have the reader questioning everyday life. Although the book uses odd examples and intriguing comparisons, the chapters themselves are tedious and lengthy. Steven D. Levitt is an economist that went to Harvard and MIT for his degree.
The book Freakonomics by Steven D. Levitt and Stephen J. Dubner talks about many different things, including cheating teachers and sumo wrestlers, how abortion lowered crime rates, how a street crack gang works, and whether the way parents raise their children even matter. These topics seem to have nothing in common, but all of these topics were identified in the same way: an economist (Levitt) looked at school test scores, crime data, and all sorts of other information, looking at them in unconventional ways. Because of that, he has come to many interesting and unique conclusions that make complete sense. These findings were based on some simple ideas: the power of incentives, conventional wisdom is not always right, things may not have obvious causes, and experts often serve their own interests instead of the interests of others. Perhaps the most important idea in the book is, as Levitt and Dubner state, “Knowing what to measure and how to measure it makes a complicated world much less so” (14). Freakonomics uses many different rhetorical strategies to show the importance of looking deeper into seemingly commonplace things.
2. The argument is introduced at the beginning of chapter three when John Kenneth Galbraith produces the phrase “conventional wisdom” (86). He says that people are instinctively drawn to manipulate statistical information in order to conveniently benefit themselves. The introduction to chapter three is effective and grabs a reader's attention because it asks prospective questions, causing one to do a double take. The authors says “If you can question something that people really care about and find and answer that may surprise them- that is, if you can overturn the conventional
By using statistics and contrasting features to appeal to logic,
The persona portrayed by Dubner and Levitt in their novel Freakonomics is that of an unconventional Economist. Levitt’s introduction includes the quote "Morality, it could be argued, represents the way that people would like the world to work, whereas economics represents how it actually does work." (Levitt 13). This quote details an important distinction that characterizes the rest of Levitt's analysis. As an economist, he studies how the world actually functions, which tends to include deviations from what may be considered the moral. Levitt begins his unconventional economic narrative, by posing the question, "What do schoolteachers and sumo wrestlers have in common?" (Levitt 15). common?" (Levitt
The way a question is worded is often the biggest influence on the way someone answers a question. Including statistics or data in the question, can get people to think the way one wants them to think. For instance, one could just simply ask the question, do you believe the United States should have gun control laws? However, if someone was for gun control they could frame the question by saying, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention shows that on average 93 people in America die every day because of guns, do you think the United States should have gun control laws?
Accept only those “facts” that support what you already believe” This quote may explain why a facebook user never reads or shares article that goes against their preconceived notions because, according to Pitt, in today’s world people want to ignore inconvenient truths. Sunstein points out, “ The consequence is the “proliferation of biased narratives fomented by unsubstantiated rumors, mistrust, and paranoia.” Pitts concludes “And when people are determined to believe a lie, there is nothing more futile than the truth.” arguing further that the rumors and mistrust can create an alternative history based not on facts but stereotypes passed from generation to generation. Both columnists explore the result of people who do not seek out information that contrasts their opinion.
Unit Three Freakonomics Response Chapter 5 of the book Freakonomics addresses what the possible reasons that make a child do well on standardized testing. The options are, what a parent does for a child or what a parent is. The answers are somewhat surprising. They also make me feel a little better.
Motivation is defined as the process that guides, initiates, and maintains goal-oriented behaviours (Cherry, 2015). It comes when a person is willing to sacrifice his own time, money and energy to do well in a particular task. Motivation is an inherent action that provides us impulse to do something in order to achieve our goals. In the movie The Pursuit of Happiness, Chris Gardner who lost almost everything in financial crisis ended up living as homeless with his son. He was jobless and unable to support his son and wife therefore his wife left him.
I have been fascinated after getting the privilege to read the book, Think Like a Freak by Steven D. Levitt and Stephen J. Having read the first five chapters, namely; What does it mean to think like a freak? The three hardest words in the English language, What’s your problem? , Like a bad dye job, The truth is in your roots and Think like a child respectively, I have been able to gain a different insight towards approaching challenges in life. The chapters are not only educative but also captivating, and therefore a review of the sections would be essential.
The Power Of Motivation We do things for many reasons but the most common reason is motivation. Motivation is what prompts a person to act in a certain way, or at least develop an inclination for specific behavior. Motivation is not the part that is important it’s what the motivation is, such as love or fear.
Whether male, female, married, single, conservative or liberal all people have a moral compass. The moral compass in Freakonimics does not point in one direction creating a new approach to economics. Authors Steven D. Levitt and Stephan J. Dubner suggest viewpoints on crime, abortion, and education from an economic prospective while ignoring the right or left minded political viewpoints.
Motivation is defined as the process that initiates, guides, and maintains goal-oriented behaviours (Cherry, 2015). It comes when a person is willing to scarified time, money and energy to do well in a task. Motivation is an inherent action that provide us impulse to do something in order to achieve our goals. In the movie The Pursuit of Happiness, Chris Gardner who had lost everything in some financial crisis and he ended up living in homeless shelter with his son. He was jobless to support his son and his wife as a result his wife leaves him.
Motivation is the force that pushes us to do things: It is a result of everyone needs being satisfied so that employees have the inspiration and ability to complete the respective task given. So will employees be motivated and perform to their capability by giving them good welfares, benefits and money? Money makes the world go round, it can be considered as an engine to push human’s limits but peers motivation and intrinsic desire to a good job are the real motivators in today’s workplace. Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation There are two types of motivation, intrinsic or extrinsic.
It can be said that motivation is a behavior; it is not a thing or special event that can be observed directly. Motivation is a set of processes that the reason of stimulate, orientation and maintaining human behavior towards achieving of goal. It can also be said that motivation can be a method of improving work productivity. That is it is a way of bringing positive results in educational institutions. For successful educational productivity, we need great deal of time, energy, and effort.