DBQ The Civil War began in 1861 but the issue of slavery was not the central focus of the war effort. The war began for many political reasons, mainly the aim of the Union side to preserve the Union and make sure it remains together as a country. While the North fought to preserve the Union, the South fought to preserve what they believed to be state rights. During the war, Abraham Lincoln created what is called the Emancipation Proclamation, which declared that “all person held as slaves” within rebellious states “are, and henceforward shall be free.”
The emancipation proclamation was a preliminary issued by Abraham Lincoln on september 22nd 1862. Abraham Lincoln and the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment, which ended slavery in the United States, is a dramatic chapter of American history. The US Constitution, when it went into effect in 1789, had guaranteed the institution of slavery in America. In the early to mid-1800's, slavery became an increasingly divisive force in the country, with virtually the entire southern populace and many northern Democrats supporting it; and much of the North, particularly the Republican Party, opposing it. When Republican Abraham Lincoln was elected president in 1860, the South decided to secede from the Union rather than risk the potential loss of slavery.
This historical study will define the moral leadership of Abraham Lincoln’s role as president during the Civil War. Lincoln’s role as an anti-Slavery supported in the north provided the necessary moral leadership to sustain a complex war involving the continued argument about the continued existence of the institution of slavery. In this context, Lincoln had not previously been a supporter of the northern abolitionist movements before becoming president, yet throughout the Civil War, he incrementally began to realize the political and moral implications of slavery as a dire threat to American freedoms. Lincoln’s opposition to slavery during his presidency defined a major change in U.S. history, which galvanized the North to challenge the dominance of pro-slavery in the South. This commitment to ending slavery formed the foundation of Lincoln’s role as a liberator of African-American slaves as a defining factor of the war.
The north was becoming increasingly industrial whereas the south still relied on a primarily agrarian lifestyle. This growing shift caused northerners to regard slavery as necessary and even detrimental to their own interests. The Free Soil movement was one such group that was against slavery but for personal and not moral or religious reasons. David Wilmot, a prominent Free Soiler, made this clear in a speech to Congress. He said that did not feel any sympathy or moral obligation to the slave but was against slavery because of the threat it presented to white labor (doc H).
In addition to this very unpleasant approach, he freed the African Americans only as an advantage that could lead him into winning the war. Furthermore, Abraham Lincoln should be referred to as just another politician. We know him as “Honest Abe.” But really, he is anything but.
During Abraham Lincoln’s presidency at the start of the 1860, an issue that had divided the nation was slavery. Lincoln’s election to presidency as a republic was not received well by the Southern slave states, as they thought that as a republican he was out to abolish slavery. In an effort to calm southern states and keep them from seceding from the United States, he attempts to ease them with his First Inaugural Address. In his First Inaugural Address his key points are to clam southern leaders of slave states, keep the states from seceding, and make them at ease as he enters presidency.
In the southern states, many people downgraded the brutality of slavery. In document #5 George Fitzhugh, a sociologist from North Carolina, wrote a passage in 1857, defending slavery. In Fitzhugh’s passage, he states “ The Negro slaves of the South are the happiest, and, in some sense, the freest people in the world.” This statement truly opposed the Northern states thoughts on slavery. In 1858, Abraham Lincoln wrote a speech when accepting the Republican nomination.
1. The basic premise of Pinckney’s argument is founded on the idea that slavery, as a societal instrument, naturally exists and has existed throughout recorded history of civilization and religion, therefore discrediting the notions of its immorality by several northern legislators. Additionally, Pinckney supports slavery as an economic tool as well as a political tool, both with the intention of maintaining the union. Representative Pinckney supports slavery through the theocratic appeal of the bible to the representatives of congress by stating, “Now, sir, … is there a single line in the Old of New Testament either censuring or forbidding it? I answer without hesitation.”
Although President Lincoln abolished slavery with the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863, the existence of slavery still continued to play a factor during the 1880s when freed slaves tried to assimilate into society. Now, a question arises how is Mark Twain’s use of the “n-word” relevant to the existence of slavery? Twain wanted to depict the evilness of slavery and how it impacted the freed slaves even after they gained freedom and rights. By using the “N-word,” Twain reminds his
The important catalyst came into being to shape the Americans. At this level, the fate of British colonies unleashed a heated debate about the political representation that was often enclosed in disfranchisement and the vote. The commitment of the revolutionaries to the equality and freedom led to the growing unease over the slave trade legitimacy. This was also visible in the way Americans pursue their patriotic cause.
In conclusion, the primary cause of the civil war was not slavery instead was the issue of states rights. The Northern armies won the Civil War and the the South returned to the Union. “The Civil War started because of differences between free slaves states and the power of the government that said if slavery was correct or incorrect. ”(The Civil War in America Prologue). Slavery was right at that time but now it is wrong.
Even though Abraham Lincoln wasn’t an abolitionist he didn’t like the idea of slavery plus he knew that freeing the slaves would help the north both politically and economically. Abraham Lincoln’s goal was to keep United States united and he was successful in making that
After the 1860 election, Lincoln made a firm public decision not to accept the expansion of slavery into the territories. In other words, Lincoln 's early position as president was that, slavery could remain in current slave states but could not expand to new states or territories. Although, Lincoln’s views on slavery often shifted some of them seemed to contradict one another. On another note, current slave states could vouch to keep things the way that they are but, Lincoln still felt that if a nation was divided it would be almost impossible to survive. Lincoln 's views at this time were politically motivated, and they focused on ending the war and preserving the Union.
Additionally, the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 inflamed the South due to the fact that Lincoln was a Republican. The South believed the goal for the Republican party was to over throw slavery (Lecture, “Causes of the Civil War: A House Divided”). Instead, the primary intention was to prevent the expansion of slavery; therefore, slavery needed to transition into “all one thing or all the other” (Lecture, “Causes of the Civil War: A House Divided”). Before Lincoln was inaugurated, the South seceded, and the development of the Confederate States of America emerged with the intention to self govern and protect slavery. South Carolina was the first to secede followed by Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas.
The basic knowledge of the Republican Party are the following. The byname of the party is called Grand Old Party (Short for GOP), in the United States. This party is one of the two major political parties, the other being the Democratic Party in the United States. One of few major moments for the Republican Party was during the 19th century. The republican party, Abraham Lincoln as the president stood against the extension of slavery to the country’s new territories and, ultimately, for slavery’s complete abolition.