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Frederick Douglass Rhetorical Devices

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Douglass uses many rhetorical strategies here to make this paragraph sound almost poetic. He has personification through describing the sounds the animals make, metaphor in the line “She gropes her way, in the darkness of age...”, and his choice of diction allowed for words like “feet” and “meet” or “remains” and “things” to rhyme.

He uses striking parallelism in the line “She stands- she sits- she staggers- she falls- she groans- she dies-...” The short clauses emphasis the feeling and emphasis of this line. There is also alliteration of the letter s in the first three clauses.
In Douglass’ soliloquy, he uses parallelism and anaphora. He has the same sentence structure, “You…; I…” which creates a sort of juxtaposition of freedom and captivity. The following sentences start with “O” By using anaphora, he adds rhythm and emphasis to his speech, even if it wasn’t intentional (it may just be the natural way we talk).
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Ague is the chill and shivering accompanying malarial fever. The fever refers to death by slavery. Douglass wants to run away from slavery which is very dangerous and might result in death. He refers to the chance of death while running away to the ague. The line basically means he might as well die from trying to escape as opposed to dying while under fetters and tyranny. By using this metaphor he creates a comparison for himself and the reader and shows an example of his reasoning.
Douglass’ use of short sentences also aid in creating a desperate
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