Free Land In 1862 the U.S. Congress passed the Homestead Act. This law permitted any 21-year-old citizen or immigrant with the intention of becoming a citizen to lay claim to 160 acres of land known as the Great American Prairie. After paying a filing fee, farming the land, and living on it for five years, the ownership of the land passed to the homesteader. People came from all over the world to take advantage of this opportunity. By 1900 over 600,000 claims had been filed. Life on the Prairie The homesteaders faced many challenges. Everything about the prairie was extreme. The land was flat and treeless and the sky seemed to go on forever. On a tallgrass prairie, the grass sometimes grew to be more than 6 feet tall. It is said that riders …show more content…
Blizzards were so strong that they could trap livestock and homesteaders under the snow. During the long winter of 1886, horses and cattle died when their breaths froze over the ends of their noses, making it impossible for them to breathe. Building a home and establishing a farm was a challenge for even the most experienced farmers, but the free land, abundant wildlife, and richness of the soil made the challenge hard to resist. Choosing Your Homestead Choosing the right location for a homestead was very important. Newly arrived settlers, known as "sod busters," looked for land which featured a stream or creek and small rolling hills which served as windbreaks. Easy access to planned railroad lines was also an asset because it made it easier to ship goods and livestock to market. Once the land was selected, the homesteader went to the Land Office to make sure that the property was not already taken and to file a claim. One of the requirements for fulfilling the claim was building a "home" to live in within six months. Choosing the right site for a house was nearly as important as choosing the right claim. Building next to a small hill provided some protection from the constant wind. Being near a stream meant easy access to water. But building too close also made flooding a very real danger. Building a …show more content…
Moving In! Many people were surprised by the coziness of dugouts and sod houses. They were cool in the summer, warm in the winter and good shelter from the wild prairie weather. The fact that they were basically made of dirt made them virtually fireproof. Turning a Soddie into a Home Most sod houses were about 16 feet by 20 feet and had only one room. Furniture was kept to a minimum due to the lack of space. Beds and tables were often built right into the walls. Many people slept on pallets that could be moved out of the way during the day. Crowded conditions meant that some household objects, like sewing machines, were kept outside when the weather was good, and had to be squeezed inside when it rained or snowed. Smoothing the inside walls and either plastering or wallpapering them brightened the room and helped keep out mice. Women found floors made from packed dirt hard to live with. Adding raised wooden floors was usually one of the first improvements that homesteaders made to their sod houses. Flowers on the wide windowsills and pets — dogs, cats, and caged birds — made the house feel like a home. Many settlers threw flower seeds up on the roofs that brightened up their dugouts when they
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Sometimes droughts in Nebraska made it very difficult to feed their families and still have some left over to sell. Which was difficult because this is how they earned a living. Most pioneers lived in sod houses. These were insulated which was very convenient for Pioneer families during the different seasons. Almost every family member played a role in the pioneer life.
With the arrival of 1868, the province of Ontario created more Free Grants throughout the Parry Sound district, looking to quickly populate the area with labour and farming for the lumber industry that was rapidly developing. Part of the reason for this law was to obtain much needed lumber to feed the British Navy. Known as the Free Grants and Homestead Act of 1868, grants of 100 to 200 acres of land were given to those settlers over 18. There were conditions placed on the settler before he could obtain a proper patent and hence own the property. These were that within 5 years of obtaining the grant, 15 acres had to be cleared and cultivated and built a house fit for habitation of size at least 16’x20’ with continuous habitation.
The Federal homestead policy encouraged farmers to do this by keeping land allotments low and requiring land to be plowed (268). During the time the wheat prices dropped dramatically, wages fell, but productivity of wheat continued to surge. Farmers fell into debt, unable to pay taxes, foreclosure occurred
May described the houses as “…the suburban ranch-style home was to blend in with nature,” and there was a look of protection as it was surrounded by bushes and trees that outlined the outer part of the house for privacy (May, 164). Most of these houses were typically located away from the core of the city and in a location with more safety and security. The reason for this was typically because of the fear of a bomb that would take place in the core of a city. The GI Bill of Rights, Veterans Administration, and Federal Housing Authority were “The new programs, which
The Homestead Act is a special Act that promoted migration to the western part of US. Public lands were made easily accessible to settlers with a small filing fee in exchange for 160 acres of land to be used for farming. Homesteaders received ownership of the land after continuously residing on the land for five years. Homesteaders also had an alternative of acquiring the land from the government by paying a specified amount per acre, after six months of residency. The Homestead Act resulted in the distribution of million acres of public land (Library of Congress n.p).
The picture that depicts homes in the cliffs were built by the Anasazi who lived in the Southwest (Four Corners) culture region and the long houses were built by the Iroquois who lived in the Great Lakes (New York) culture region. The Anasazi modified their environment by irrigating the desert, building roads, and by building homes into the cliff because they needed to be able to farm in the dry desert, travel and trade, and also be able to defend themselves from their warlike neighbors. The Iroquois, however, modified their environment by clearing land to farm and building the long houses as they did not have to defend against as many attacks. These two different people chose to modify their environments differently because not only were
The Pawnees lived in the Western Plains, where is the Nebraska and the Kansas. Then, they lived in the settle village of the rounded earthen lodges. The earthen lodges were made by digging a hole in the ground, then covering it with logs and grasses. Last, they covered the logs with soil.
These families were extremely hard workers who pushed the boundaries of the early colonies out into the wilderness of America. The Frontier families built a life for themselves away from society, building cabins and small villages out of the thick, dense forests of the American wilderness. There, they worked together to gather food to survive by cultivating wheat, corn and other vegetables and by hunting game such as venison, wild turkey, and fish. Without access to the commodities of civilized society, the Frontier Families had to make their own clothing: men wore leather made from deer or sheep skin and women spun cloth to make their own dresses and other clothing. Also, these families lived many miles from schools so their children only learned to read and write if their parents had already been taught to do so.
There were many advantages of the Louisiana Purchase such as the doubling of the size of the United States, total access to the Mississippi River and port of New Orleans, and more resourceful land to expand westward. Economic progress took place, and the more resourceful land the United States had, the more power the nation had. To encourage citizens to claim more land for homes and crops, the Homestead Act was passed. The Homestead Act of 1862 provided settlers with 160 acres of land, and in exchange, the land was to be used for living and growing crops. After 5 years of residency, settlers were able to receive ownership of the land.
The U.S had gained a lot of land, or frontiers in the West from Mexico. The land was undeveloped, therefore the U.S had to find a way to develop the land. The U.S would come up with the Homestead Act. The Homestead Acts states that any citizen or anyone planning to become a citizen is eligible to gain 160 acres of land, typically to form farms. The plan was intended to make the people stay in that land and create a
Nature’s delicate balance of wind, rain, and grass had been disturbed by human settlement. Fifty years earlier, a strong protective carpet of grass had covered the Great Plains. The grass held moisture in the soil and kept the soil from blowing away (Holley).” Before the Great Plains were settled, its geography was covered in lush grasses that made it perfect for farming and raising livestock. As the population grew and more and more people settled there, the grass was removed so that they could farm the land.
The Allotment Act The Dawes Act and its supporters sang a very similar tune to southerners who justified slavery as their patriarchal and christian duty. The Dawes Act allowed the President of the United States to survey the reservations Indians lived on and allot its land to heads of households, single persons over eighteen, and to orphans. This meant that the President went into reservations and redistributed the land, upsetting the system Native Americans had previously. Slave owners of the Antebellum South believed that the Black men and women needed to be enslaved, for they could not function without a patriarchal master. Westerners too saw the Native Americans as inferior, and felt that they had to help the tribal people be free of
When they witnessed the vulnerability of the wood construction many of the residents of wicker park started making their homes out of bricks and stone. In 1890 wicker park was an architectural showplace, with houses designed in various styles(Best,2005). All the houses were in a circle surrounding the park that community was named after. Most of Wicker Park was made up of wealthy residents, but everything change in the 19th century. During the 19th century working-class African Americans and Eastern Europeans who lived in small cottages filled up the streets(Best,2005).
The document of the Homestead Act was one of the first factors towards development in our nation. This act offered free or cheap land to anyone who would live and improve the Great Plains area. The people taking part got 160 acres of land, had to build a house on it, and live on it for 5 years. The act encouraged immigrants and freedman to travel out west. This act gave opportunities to many individuals that would not be given before.
The 17th America was a farmland. People were poor and some migrated to this country in the hope of quick wealth. Individuals from England and Europe began to migrate to America. The book gives a detailed account of the first houses, or rather huts which have been built in America.