Most of the slaves stuck to farming and did sharecropping. Sharecropping is when a landowner allows someone to use their land in return for a portion of crops from other parts of the land. This system 's wasn 't fair because technically they were still working a s slaves but most African Americans didn’t have choice. Most African Americans didn’t even have the money to buy land. The population of african Americans was increasing from 1860 all the way up to 1881 (Document H).
Another issue is that almost all African people had to become slaves. White people had a choice rather they wanted to or not, but African people had no choice. Most of the time they would not free after their term was up. It wasn’t fair to them because white immigrants got to be free after their contract was over and they were on their feet again. A final issue with indentured servitude was
Southerners eventually let african americans work for them. However, they were sharecroppers meaning they have to borrow money to get everything going, and by the time they make their money back they are so much in debt they aren’t making any profit off of it. The landowner is getting all the money. In reality, it’s like they are still slaves, because they are doing work and not getting paid for it. Whatever money that they get goes right to the landowner for the money they had to borrow to grow the crops.
Most African American worked as domestic laborers because most of the white people thought they don 't need education and a waste of time. Although people are trying to change America for the better, they ignored and neglected the major issue of the color people who do not have right as much as the whites and they failed to improve the prejudice between the black and
However, some people still wanted control over the former slaves. To counter the 13th amendment southern states passed a series of laws called the black codes. They had the intent to restrict African American’s freedom.They made african americans compelled to work labor based jobs in the economy. They only received low wages or were only doing it to pay off debt. So even though they were free, the white southerners still wanted control of the African Americans in the south.
Once African Americans were sent off with their freedom, former slaves were left on their own with little more then what they were allowed to take. Due to the racist attitudes that were rampant in the South, it was nearly impossible to find anything but low paying, unskilled jobs for anyone who wasn’t white. Because blacks needed work and plantation owners had vacant land an arrangement was placed in order to meet a questionably mutual benefit, sharecropping. Sharecropping was an agreement between former slave and former slave owners; that in exchange for a share of land and shelter, at a very high rate of interest, the landowner would receive a portion of the harvest made by his land. Although this was a system that functioned for a short time when it was most needed, the high interest rates thrown to the former slaves that suffered from them made the debt nearly impossible to repay, yet again leaving the African Americans under control of the white race.
The South, as a whole, struggles economically. Aside from a few wealthy plantation owners, most of the population consisted of poor, subsistence farmers. They had few railroads, limiting trade and the use of free, slave labor prevented the South from industrializing, which caused the economy of the South to fall behind that of the North. While the northern economy was thriving, the South was struggling. Part of this stratification was due to the Transportation Revolution, which occurred largely in the North.
It didn’t help that the slave duty was at a whopping twenty percent. This only brought the farmers into more debt with which their tobacco could not render enough profit to get them out of. According to William Allason, the poor farmers were dedicated to lowering the duty on slaves as low as possible as opposed to shutting down the slave trade altogether, for the farmers needed hands to cultivate their product. (Holton, 71) Britain sided with the gentry’s opponents which were the poor farmers. This example of camaraderie between the British and the poor Virginians establishes the farmers’ stance on independence; despite the troubles they have had with the economy, the poor farmers are so bad off that they would rather turn to Britain (home of the Parliament that imposed sanctions negatively affecting the economy) for aide in lowering the duty on slaves.
These differences, while at the time, may have seemed small, gave our country two unique economies. And these economies almost split our country in two. The varying economies between the North and South caused tension in the United States, which caused the Civil War and then for North to win. The South’s economy was based on agriculture. This meant the South focused on farms and plantations and had very few factories.
Due to the Missouri Compromise, new states in the North were automatically free states. The Northerns started to hate slavery and wanted to push other states to become free states. The South could not let this happen because their economy depending on slavery. Since the slave masters did not have to pay their workers, everything they sold was 100% profit to the South. If slavery was abolished, they’d have to find other ways to farm their plantations and would undoubtedly make less money.
Keeping African Americans segregated and not treating their condition’s equal led to a even more discrimination resulting in a lack of rights. In the 1896, Plessey vs Ferguson case, the Supreme Court stated that all facilities could be segregated, but they had to be equal. “Requiring railway companies carrying passengers in their coaches in that state to provide equal, but separate accommodations for the white and [African Americans] races, by providing two or more passenger coaches for each passenger train.” (Document F). This quote shows that the train compartments were required to be kept separate but equal. Unfortunately, the results from Plessy vs Ferguson did not guarantee that they were actually treated equally.
In the aftermath of the war the Freedman’s bureau was established to assist the freed slaves. Many different programs were put into place in an effort to alleviate the suffering of the prior slaves. This helped both the freed slaves and the farmers. Now, the freed slaves could work the land for wages and the farmers could obtain cheap laborers to do their bidding. While it did much to help freed black men further their pursuit of true freedom, the Bureau was given little power by Congress, and it expired in
Life of a Slave Slaves in the pre-Civil War time, their lives wasn 't theirs. A slave’s life was hard and they barely had any fun. They had numerous things to be afraid of and the Southern states had a barely enough reason that most likely wouldn 't fly by in this generation to justify that slavery was a right thing to do. A slave always had to work that they had to do. So their lives was very harsh and rough.
With the people moving further and further out the discussion of emancipation was stopped. The people stopped the emancipation discussion because if a successful cotton farmer was near that would mean work and money coming into the area. Only a small percent of southerners owned slaves and a smaller percent actually had a lot of slaves. Most slave owners only had around five slaves. Yeoman farmers tended to have more slaves.
Although African Americans were freed years before the party was established, the Black Panthers felt as if they were still enslaved and were victimized by white racism in much of the same way (“The Black Panther Party Fights for Equality.” 123helpme.com 22 Apr 2016 http://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=42592.) They continued to be targeted by white brutality and sometimes strained to living in deplorable housing. Most members of the Black Panthers remained with limited education. They were also on the bottom of the industrial chain. The continuance of these problems had a disastrous effect on African Americans and their families.