It wasn 't that the slaves just didn’t want to tell them because they 'll ask for more, if they told them then they would learn. If a slave knew about the world and their differences, then it would make them think critically of everything. They would start to realize how they could make changes or they could plan out an escaped to get out of slavery and into freedom. If a master found out a slave knew how to learn or write, the slave would be severely punished. As mentioned in the book, it says how Mrs. Auld was teaching him when a master walked in and said no.
This would allow the slave(s) to escape prior to the punishment. Josiah Henson considered running away as “stealing himself” because he felt as if he belonged to his master and was his property so when he ran away, he felt as if he was taking away his master’s property which would be his enslavement. The lyrics, “Got one mind for the boss to see; Got another mind for what I know is me”, displays the slaves’ ability to be dual.
On February 6, 1837, John C. Calhoun, a South Carolina senator, delivered a speech on the United States Senate floor stating slavery to be a positive good. Slavery was so interwoven in the life of Southerners; however, Northerns wanted to abolish it while Southerners wanted to preserve it. Calhoun argued that slavery was beneficial to slave moral grounds and that the federal government could not pass laws to limit or to abolish slavery due to the rights of states to to regulate themselves. Calhoun further argued that since the federal government was a created by the states, the states were the final arbiters of the federal laws. In contrast to Calhoun, Frederick Douglas, an arthur, orator, abolitionist and former slave, argues that slavery
In the Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, Douglass illustrates the harshness of slavery, the power of education/knowledge, and that slavery is detrimental to all those involved. On several occasions, Douglass illustrates the desire of the white man to keep slave “ignorant” (Douglass, 2012). Not allowing slaves to learn to read or write, publicly and cruelly punishing anyone that did. Not even allowing them the simple of their own birthday. To ever teach slave would ensure “the freedom of the slaves and the enslavement of the whites” (Douglass, 2012).
For instance, in Virginia, the set slave prices and frenzied racial fears made liberalization a farfetched dream. During his time as the legislator, Jefferson did more than affirm his commitment to abolitionist resolves. However, his revision of the Virginian slave’s code had little effect on easing the burden that slavery had on the African American. This did very little in addressing the plight of black slaves and their freedom . For instance, Jefferson banished a white lad who sired a black baby to leave the state of Virginia lest she is placed out of the protection laws.
It show the importance of reading in writing and education. He implicitly states that he worked so hard on reading in order to prevent himself from failing in society. The anaphora emphasizes how repetitive he was and the extend of what he read. Anaphora was effective because it shows the audience how hard one must work to achieve his or her goal. By using anecdotes, ethos, and anaphora, Sherman Alexie convinces the audience that anyone can achieve their goals even if the odds are against them.
Uproar and protest bubbled over in the states after Scott’s failure to obtain his freedom. His case also fueled the North in their battle with the South, since the big topic of the century was “slavery”. They wanted justice for Dred Scott, to rightfully place his ownership in his own hands, to grant him the freedom to live however he pleased and to not have to walk in shackles. Any human should have that basic right, as it says in the constitution. This landmark of a case stood as a breaking point for social reform; motivation to stop the discrimination that ran throughout the country.
Of a child not knowing his/her parents. Another example of how slaves were dehumanized includes a slave named Dodo and his master calling him an impudent dog. This implies that he is no better than an animal and his life has no worth. The fact that slaves had no right to marry by law shows that it was not felt they needed the same type of relationships as whites. George Harris says this at the beginning of the book to Eliza and tells her that it would of been easier if they had never met.
Writers like Olaudah Equiano and Frederick Douglass were different from other slaves in the sense that they were educated and used it as a tool to talk about the horrors of slavery. These writers approached their predominantly white readership by narrating their experiences as slaves and how they were negatively impacted by it. For example, Frederick Douglass never knew his mother nor his presumably white father. And because children had to follow the condition of the mother, he was meant to be a slave for life. In his writing, he also described how initially his mistress was teaching him how to read and write, however she stopped after his master told her not to.
Having an education and being able to read and write caused the slaves to be “unmanageable”. Douglass went to Baltimore to live with Mr. and Mrs. Auld. Mrs. Auld began to teach him his A, B, C’s; that was until Mr. Auld told her she needed to stop or she was going to make him unmanageable and unfit to be a slave. Mr. Auld told Mrs. Auld “A nigger should know nothing but to obey his master- to do as he is told to do” (Douglass, “Narrative” 960). These slaves were kept from having an education, which would ruin their hopes of living once they had freedom.
Hammond wanted to control every aspect of the slaves, and they were quick to reject this. According to Faust, “He seemed unable to eradicate black religious expression, evidence of which appeared to him like tips of an iceberg indicating an underlying pattern of independent belief and worship that persisted among his slaves”. When Hammond attempted at replacing black worship, the slaves did not lose their sense of religion. When Hammond tried to compromise the slaves, some slaves resorted to arson and escape as ways to rebel against Hammond, however the escapes were never really successful. Runaways wanted to disrupt routine and rebel against the work system that Hammond had created.
"I have found that, to make a contented slave, it is necessary to make a thoughtless one. It is necessary to darken his moral and mental vision, and, as far as possible, to annihilate the power of reason. He must be able to detect no inconsistencies in slavery; he must be made to feel that slavery is right, and he can be brought to that only when he ceases to be a man." The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, demonstration that for many there is a direct correlation between education and freedom. Through this book, Douglass shows the reader that as a slave, he 's encountered masters who 've gone out their way to deny him an education like Mr. and Mrs. Auld.
His mellowness and not taking a firm stand on the issue of slavery is about to come and bite him, and the country. The first of his troubles came with Dred Scott. Scott was a slave that was taken to a “free state”, thus he thought that he was a free man, but that dream was about to be cut off. Though in James Campaign he said that he would allow the states make these choices, the Supreme Court had other ideas. They ruled that as a slave Scott was not recognized in the constitution as a citizen thus was not allowed freedoms.
Thomas Jefferson, the great president and the writer of the Declaration of Independence. Jefferson did not expect the Declaration of Independence to end slavery, his slavery clause indicates his distaste for the growth of the institution of slavery and yet his actions are inconsistent related to slavery. He tried to get the slave trade abolished, yet he owned slaves, it has been said he had a sexual relationship with one of his slaves, and he used them for his plantations. Why did he go through the trouble to even stop slaves when he owned so many?