With the help of Rabbi Dresner, Dr. King was able to speak at Jonathan Dayton High School, despite the large and open resistance from the community. The Freedom Riders were “thirteen riders boarded two buses for a journey that began in Washington D.C., and was scheduled to end in New Orleans, Louisiana” (ABC- CLIO Para. 4). The Freedom Rides were "a landmark event in the civil rights movement, the 1961 Freedom Rides were a series of organized interstate bus rides meant to directly confront discriminatory Jim Crow laws found in the southern states" (ABC-CLIO Para. 1).
With King as the new leader of the NAACP, he spoke with other leaders on the community, crafted a plan for the boycott and created a flyer to the spread the word. The flyer stated, “Don 't ride the bus to work, to town, to school, or any place Monday, December 5. Another Negro woman has been arrested and put in jail because she refused to give up her bus seat. Don 't ride the buses to work, to town, to school, or anywhere on Monday. If you work, take a cab, or share a ride or walk.
I feel as if I’m not only learning more about my history, correspondingly I’m enlightening myself on how I could’ve been treated, comparatively what some of my ancestors probably went through. I hoped to learn more about what the innocent bystanders were doing to help avoid and fight the global slave trade. I wanted to know if there was a real valid reason for why freedom was being taken, I hoped that the book opened my eyes to the reality of slavery. Not for sale by David batstone is a nonfiction book about real stories of
The Montgomery Bus Boycott started early in December, 1955. Martin Luther was still a young minister, but his ability to organize people in peaceful protest became immediately obvious. On the same day the boycott began, King was appointed president of the Montgomery Improvement Association. The Montgomery Improvement Association was a collective group of black pastors and local leaders. Its initial theme become the bus boycott drew national attention to racial inequality.
In time, the NAACP decided that it was time to take a stand and help drop the charges against Ms. Parks, which were seen as unlawful. In order to get the message across, the Montgomery Bus Boycott was organized and put into action for a total of 13 months. However, this was anything other than a peaceful protest. White citizens reacted with violence and hatred.
The Civil Rights Act was caused by many things including the Brown v Board of Education case, Rosa Parks arrest, Little Rock school desegregation, and the march on Washington. In 1955, Rosa Parks nonviolently protested by refusing to give up her seat to a white passenger and was then arrested, this then led to bus boycotts to try to end segregation in buses. Interestingly enough, segregated buses were a violation of the 14th amendment. Another event that led up to the Civil Rights Act was the Little Rock school desegregation in 1957. A group of African-American students decided to integrate Central High School in Arkansas, they were faced with a white mob and the governor did not agree with these actions.
“During the 1947 action, African-American and white bus riders tested the 1946 U.S. Supreme Court decision in Morgan v. Virginia that segregated bus seating was unconstitutional. The 1961 Freedom Rides sought to test a 1960 decision by the Supreme Court in Boynton v. Virginia that segregation of interstate transportation facilities, including bus terminals, was unconstitutional as well (History. )” Freedom riders, viewed as a group of rebels who didn't follow society by advocating for equality of African Americans. Nowadays, when the Civil Rights Movement is mentioned, people automatically think Martin Luther King Jr., but who most people didn't know, were the Freedom Riders. A group of African and Caucasian males and females came together and
In 1963 Martin Luther King Jr. helped to launch a series of nonviolent demonstrations in Alabama. They were met with strong opposition lead by Commissioner Eugene “Bull” Conner. He led a brutal effort to break up the marches using attack dogs, tear gas, cattle prods, and fire hoses sometimes against children. This was in full view of television cameras. A few months later George Wallace attempted to prevent enrollment of black students at the University of Alabama.
The Freedom Rides was a series of bus rides to the Deep South to protest against segregation laws. They believed that they should test the Supreme Court ruling of Boynton v. Virginia and Irene Morgan v. Commonwealth of Virginia. These declared segregation in interstate bus and rail stations unconstitutional. The South ignored these laws, and the federal government did nothing to stop them. The first ride took place on May 4, 1961.
“....She was charged with ‘refusing to obey orders of bus driver.’.... Her arrest became a rallying point around which the African American community organized a bus boycott in protest of the discrimination they had endured for years…. For a quiet act of defiance that resonated throughout the world, Rosa Parks is known and revered as the ‘Mother of the Civil Rights Movement.’” (“An Act of Courage”). Another event that took place to change society was “The Greensboro Sit-Ins.” Four black men, known as the “Greensboro Four,” got the idea for a sit-in from the fight for racial equality, and they “...had also been spurred to action by the brutal murder in 1955 of a young black boy, Emmett Till…” (“The Greensboro Sit-Ins”). Even though the four men were not given service, the men did not give up their seats.