For example, Stephen J. Whitfield, author of A Death in the Delta: The Story of Emmett Till, writes, “The viciousness of the murder of Emmett Till spurred efforts to accelerate the tempo of Civil Rights advances for Southern blacks.” His brutal death would drive everyday Americans to push the fight for equal rights. In addition, Chris Crowe says, “The viewing of his disfigured corpse at Rainer Funeral Home and his funeral at the Roberts Temple of the Church of God in Christ in Chicago attracted more than ten thousand mourners. The grisly open-casket photo of Emmett that appeared in Jet magazine horrified and angered hundreds of thousands more” (page 18). This shows how many people were hurt and affected by the injustices that this poor boy
Timeline: 1970 - Kent State University Shooting On May 1, 1970, students at Kent State University were protesting President Nixon’s orders to bomb Cambodia. The protest gradually got out of hand, students were throwing bottles and rocks at police officers and lighting bonfires. On May 2, Ohio National Guard was ordered to Kent State to help maintain order. When the National Guard arrived, they discovered that the students had set the Reserve Officer Training Corps building on fire. On May 4, the National Guard fired tear gas at the students during a rally.
Emmett Till’s murder took place before the Civil Rights Movement had fully skyrocketed, his death invigorated the Civil Rights Movement and motivated people like Martin Luther King Jr., and Rosa Parks. Emmett Till was murdered because of false accusations and for being a black boy in the 1950’s. Emmett Louis "Bobo" Till was born on July 25, 1941 in Chicago. He grew up in a middle-class black neighborhood in the South Side of Chicago. Emmett was the only child of Louis and Mamie Till.
The book “To Kill a Mockingbird” written by Harper Lee and the article “Scottsboro Boys Trial” both contain controversial court cases. For “To Kill a Mockingbird” a black male named Tom Robinson was accused of raping a white woman named Mayella Ewell. In the “Scottsboro Boys Trial” nine young black men and teenagers are accused of raping two white females named Victoria Price and Ruby Bates. Both cases transpired in the 1930s in Alabama. This is bad for the accused as racism was at an all-time in the 1930s especially in the deep south.
Ben Chester White On January 5, 1899, Ben Chester White, an African American, was born. About sixty-seven years later, on June 10, 1966, White was shot and murdered near Pretty Creek in Natchez, Mississippi. His murderers were three hate-filled gunmen that were incorporated with the Ku Klux Klan, which is a group of people who believe that whites are more superior than blacks. The reason they wanted to murder White was to give Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. a motive to come to Natchez, White had no involvement in the Civil Rights Movement, until his devastating murder. Ever since he was born, White spent most of his life working for a white family, on the Carter family farm around the east of Natchez.
Ida Bell Wells-Barnett commonly known as Ida B Wells was one of the nation 's most vocal anti-lynch activist of her time. (Steptoe) It all started when three of her African American friends were lynched after they opened up a store, the People’s Grocery, which competed well with a white owned grocery store nearby. A white mob attacked the People’s Grocery and three white men were injured, the owners of the store were then jailed when they were later broken out and lynched. This infuriated Wells and she wrote after the incident urging African Americans to leave Memphis, “There is, therefore, only one thing left to do; save our money and leave a town which will neither protect our lives and property, nor give us a fair trial in the courts, but takes us out and murders us in cold blood when accused by white persons.” This caused some 6,000 African-Americans to leave Memphis while others started boycotts on white businesses. (Wikipedia) This incident caused Wells to begin her research into lynchings.
Hall case, Officers Joseph Thomas Brown and James Larry Durden are young police officers, still in their eighteen-month probationary period. They shoot and kill A.C. Hall after claiming they ordered him to halt, then observed him drawing a weapon. While particular actions of the officers raise questions about Macon Police Department protocol and training, a troubling lack of justice for A.C. Hall is evident when the officers are charged with the murder, yet neither is indicted by a grand jury. The combination of black disenfranchisement and mediocre professional standards within Southern police forces allowed for police officers to become a kind of sanctioned white violence, where police could step “far outside of normal policy activity” to subjectively punish black people for any perceived misconduct. Policemen played this role even when not wearing their uniforms – in The South and the Nation, Pat Waters references the how police were often leaders of lynch mobs and other extra-legal
The reconstruction period was a failure because African Americans, mainly males, were not treated with equality although the constitution said that the they were free and had the right to vote, be educated and had the right to liberty, life and the pursuit to happiness. Organizations, like the KKK, were created to harm freed slaves and their families. Laws were created such as the Black Codes restricting former slaves from their rights. African Americans endured a lot of violence over the years. “In Grayson, Texas, a white man and two friends murdered three former slaves because the wanted to ‘ thin the niggers out and drive them to their hole’”.
They kept chasing Mann and accusing him of being Jesse Hunter (who they never met, who was the supposed rapist), but he was at the auction when the ‘incident’ happened. The mob grew to over a thousand, KKK members and neighboring white supremacists joined the residents of Sumner and after a week of lynchings, rapes, torture, shootings, burning and other tortures, the town of Rosewood was gone. One white man teaches his son that he 's superior to Negroes. The boy is forced to look at lynchings and murders, is told that this makes a man. The father drags his son to a mass grave, filled with bodies.
The article, Trayvon Martin protests being held in more than 100 US cities, states, “Demonstrators are set to gather outside federal court buildings and police headquarters in more than 100 cities, to call on the Department of Justice to file a civil rights case against George Zimmerman, the man who was found not guilty of second-degree murder of the 17-year-old.” The fact that Trayvon Martin’s killer, George Zimmerman, was not plead guilty caused the people to get angry. Zimmerman killed an innocent 17 year old because he had his hood on and that looked