Claire Turner American History Test I The American Revolution The Second Continental Congress declared independence from Great Britain in 1776 because they were being treated with unfair and unjust taxes and laws. The Second Continental Congress was a representation of the colonists and colonies as a whole, to Britain. In the beginning of the Congress the majority wanted to stay loyal to “The Crown,” and make peace with it. However, there were already those few who were ready to take drastic measures to relieve themselves of the British rule. One colony in particular that stands out as taking the leading role in the independence of America is Massachusetts, for they received the true wrath of Great Britain.
Unit 1 Chapter 7 The Road to Revolution The Americans had troubles complying with the new British control after the Seven Years War; they wouldn’t pay necessary funds and also had a growing sense of national identity The Deep Roots of Revolution The Americans had a world that they could make their own, thus upraising nationalistic ideas Republicanism: citizens surrendered their selfish demands for the greater good Opposed aristocracy and monarchy ”Radical Whigs”: warned people to be aware of government corruption and to resist that corruption Americans had grown into a country accustomed to running it’s own affairs, so when the British came in 1763 to get a better hold over their colonies, Americans resisted The circumstances of colonial
These protests were not left to protest peacefully, however, as events like the Boston Massacre occurred at many protests. The British soldiers in the colonies took to violence and even to gunfire to stop the mostly peaceful protests of rights. The colonists took this angrily, and wrote in their grievances, “That they have a right peaceably to assemble, consider of their grievances, and petition the king; and that all prosecutions, prohibitory proclamations, and commitments for the same, are illegal” (U.S. Cong.). Congress, trying to not make the same mistakes as Britain, wrote that all people could protest peacefully without any violent recompense, and that they had the freedom to do so.
The Townshend Act (1777) was to apply taxes to all imported glass, lead, paint, paper and tea. The colonists felt like it was an unjust and unfair practice to have “No taxation without representation” and that they were not represented by the British Parliament. King George II sent troops the America because of the boycotts of British goods. After the Boston Tea Party came the Battles of Lexington and Concord, where the colonist took up arms and prepared for battle. The Boston Massacre in 1770 was the turning point the America to gain its independence from the British.
Adams blamed King George III and parliament for the revolutionary war because parliament didn’t grant British subject in the colones equal rights as people in England. Adams also emphasised the fact that the colonists were not given representation in parliament which violated the British constitution. The Stamp Act and the Townshend Act allowed parliament to collect revenue with the colonists consent. King George III refused to read the Olive Branch Petition rendering the Colonists effort to form peace with Parliament useless. Adams also
The colonist issue was not with the tax itself, it was the fact that parliament was trying to tax them with no elected representatives in Parliament. After the citizens came together and wrote to newspapers, destroyed officials homes and violence against stamp distributors, and the merchants forming a non-importation agreement stating they would not buy or sell British manufactured goods until the Stamp Act was repealed, the Act was finally repealed on March 18,
The British say, “The colonists have not fulfilled their responsibility to pay England back from defending them against the French and Indians in the war.” They were being taxed because they weren’t paying back their share but still got mathey didn’t understand that. “The colonists are traitors for not paying the taxes, which as a colony of England, is considered treason.” The colonists thought they could get away without paying taxes but that is treason. If you don’t follow the rules of the country you can get in a lot of trouble. “Highly burdened by taxes themselves, the British were merely asking the colonies to bear the expense of their own administration and defense.” So, Britain needed money because they were helping them out but when they asked for it, the colonists protested. By doing this they were hurting Britain.
I don’t think the colonists committed treason because they were being treated unfair by the British government. I can give many examples of them being mistreated by the British the first is that they were taxing the colonists a lot after the British’s war (Mr. Riikonen). That’s unfair because the colonists didn’t even start it and the colonists were getting punished by the British for no fair reason at all. The colonists were not only mistreated but they
The Stamp Act was viewed as an opportunity by the English to be able to raise money in the colonies without the approval of the colonial legislatures. The colonists under the British rule at that time found the law offensive and unjust. The main reason behind this reaction was not because of the actual cost of the stamp, but because of the standards it seemed to set. Colonists who were willing to disobey this law, were tried in vice-admiralty courts. Convictions were very probable in this case.
History? The reason for the omission of the Spanish, French, Dutch, and Russian colonies is because the United States was founded by British colonists, but that does not explain the omissions of Roanoke and Jamestown which were British colonies. Roanoke disappeared shortly after it was founded, and Jamestown has an extremely dark and unsavory past, one that includes cannibalism, so neither of these colonies are suitable examples of the embodiment of American culture. The Pilgrims, on the other hand, can fulfill this role after a little editing to their history. Since no one actually knows what happened on the Mayflower that caused it to change course, all of the conspiracy theories are simply nothing more than theories.
Finally, Britain would constantly deny any attempt to find peace between the two countries. As expected, Britain put certain taxes on the colonies to help regulate trade and pay for transport of goods. However, many of the taxes Britain put on colonists were for the sole purpose of creating revenue for the British (Doc 2). The reason the British believed they were justified to do this was the belief that colonists still owed reparations for British support in the French Indian war (Doc 1). The colonists found these taxes so insulting that many of them refused to purchase British goods.
Jay 's Treaty Provisions: The withdrawal of British soldiers from posts in the American West, a commission to be established to settle outstanding border issues between the U.S. and Canada. Also a commission to be established to resolve American losses in British ship seizures and Loyalist losses during the War of Independence. Missing from the treaty was a provision for the British to refrain from the arrest of American ships and impressments of American seamen. Jay 's Treaty, perhaps the most important diplomatic achievement of the Washington administration, was received poorly in U.S. where critics saw it as a weak attempt at negotiation-allowing British to continue to impress sailors & restrict U.S. trade. 51.
Parliament would 've avoided the revolution if the gave the colonists representation. In the 1770s in Boston, the British have been giving taxes for money; in the Stamp Acts, Super Acts, and the Townshend Acts. However there was a group called the Sons and Daughters of Liberty who refuse to follow the British laws and try to bring the government down for unfair taxes. The colonists couldn 't rebel because they weren 't part of Parliament, so they had a famous slogan, "No taxation without Representation". That meant that if the colonists don 't get they way, then they will rebel and continue to break British law.
America didn’t just start colonizing, America was fought for. Starting in 1765, members of American colonial society rejected the authority of the British Parliament to tax them and to create other laws affecting them without colonial representatives in the government. During the following decade, protests continued to escalate by colonists as in the Boston Tea Party in 1773, during which patriots destroyed a consignment of taxed tea from the Parliament-controlled and favored East India Company. The British responded by imposing laws on the colonists in 1774 known as the Coercive Acts, following which Patriots in the other colonies rallied behind Massachusetts. In late 1774, the Patriots set up their own alternative government to better coordinate their resistance efforts against Great Britain, while other colonists, known as Loyalists, preferred to remain aligned to the British
America, before it was the free and independent nation that it is today, was a British colony, subject to the laws and levies that King George passed. The original colonists were not unhappy under the British crown, but they craved representation in Parliament, where they could have a voice in the tariffs that would be imposed on the colonies. They were refused time and time again, until they lost hope in becoming a respected part of Britain’s domain. Together they stood in solidarity, and they boycotted British goods to symbolize their independent will and their wish to be recognized as an independent nation. Eventually their rebellion erupted into a war, which would end in America’s favor and see the colonies