It is possible that the word “Baroque” may have come from the word Barocco, which is the Portuguese word for an irregular pearl. This term did not even exist for the artist of this period. Baroque art in Europe revealed dramatic and dynamic forms of art, with intense emotion and and interest in senses, as well as active participation from the viewer. Baroque is an era of art and culture that influenced European countries like Italy, Spain, Netherlands, France, and England. More specifically, the Baroque in France during the reign of Louis XIV (1643-1715), was influenced by classicism. Classicism is the style that originated from the ancient Greek and Roman civilizations. (Davies 431) The period of the Baroque era is often referred as the end …show more content…
Characteristics that reflected Baroque architecture in France incorporated massive scale and repetition to show power and monarchy. A very elegant example of the Baroque period of architecture is Maisons Laffitte located near Paris. This architectural structure was built by Francois Mansart for Rene de Longueil, who was the minister over finances for Louis XIV. The proportions of all the elements are consistent throughout the structure, with a central pavilion linked by short wings to two traditional corner pavilions. This period of early Baroque (1630-60), were when the foundations for French Baroque architecture were laid …show more content…
The goal was for the artists to produce art that Louis XIV liked, which was mainly Greek and Roman Art. Making the paintings during the Baroque period very classical and heavily inspired by Greek and Roman Art. One of the greatest French Baroque artist was Nicolas Poussin (1594-1665). Poussin’s classical style was chosen by Jean-Baptiste Colbert, Louis XIV's chief advisor and Charles Le Brun, the first president of the Royal Academy to serve as the acting example for all French artist at the time. His work, The Death of Germanicus, 1628, oil on canvas, is a painting history, with Greek and Roman influences. The figures in the composition are are scaled at the same proportion and arranged horizontally, which reflect a classical frieze. Poussin’s paintings showed defined, crisp, clear, and defined forms. In order for the viewer to depict the story, Poussin believed it was important for the view to have the ability to read the emotions of each figure in a composition. All of his compositions in some way depicted a little history lesson, his landscapes in particular had careful observations of nature. For example, Landscape with St. John on Patmos. This work of art by Poussin explored a Baroque Classicism concept that conveyed the physical arrangement of a spiritual, eternal world. Claude Lorrain (1604-1682), a great French landscapist peaceful elements to both his landscapes and seascapes. An example
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The Renaissance One of the main ideas that characterized Renaissance art and literature was one which was interest and appreciation for the classical period. The classical period was a time of Ancient Greece and Rome. It was the pinnacle of human achievement. I can see one main idea in the classical period because in a letter written by Niccolo Machiavelli, he read classical books that made him happy. He goes home imagining him entering ancient courts of ancient men while he was reading the classical books.
In the following paper, I will be discussing the similarities and differences between two paintings. These two paintings are Jean-Léon Gérôme’s Bashi-Bazouk and Lucas Cranach’s Saint Maurice. The Gerome dates to 1868-1869 and was created with oil paints on canvas. The Cranach dates 1520-1525 and was created with oil paints on linen.
King Louis XIV used the Baroque style to represent himself as an absolute monarch because the Baroque style makes it possible to portray oneself as mighty, glorious, and magnificent. The biggest way he used this style was in his estate, the palace at Versailles. The palace at Versailles was once a country estate, but over the course of many years, Louis transformed it into a magnificent palace, large enough to house all of the nobility as well as servants to attend to them. Not only was it a palace, but it also contained large forests and artificial lakes. The trees were rooted up and replanted in lines, and the gardens show a deliberate design as well.
After the Dark Ages, artists were able to bloom and discover new things in technique and science. These changes can be seen in the art of the Renaissance, Baroque, and Rococo periods. This paper will focus on one artwork from each art period. During the Northern Renaissance, the Triptych of St. John the Baptist and St. John the Evangelist stays close to the recent religious artwork style, but starts to explore perspective and begins to unflatten the human form. During the Baroque period, The Elevation of the Cross is another triptych that sticks close to religion.
The deep lines along her face and neck is so life like making her realistic and laboriously observed. De La Tour’s vivid and highly effective style of painting depicts what the 17th-Century European painters were trying to achieve. With the expert use of dramatic elements such as; mood, pose and texture he was able to bring out strong, deep and vivid emotions in his painting, for example; the deception of the women enclosing on the youth, and those emotions of the young man naiveness and air of being showered by wealth. These emotions pull the onlookers in as they silently and cautiously take in each element and accurate
The book is about ways of seeing things that present around. Berger suggests that it is wrong common assumption that our ways of perception are spontaneous. Our ways of perception are manipulated by publicity and shaped by the rise capitalism and consumerism. Berger questions some the traditions of European art history. Actually, the book is not about the specific paintings, but about the ways that people see and understand the art now.
Neoclassicism was an art movement created in the late 18th century that pushed into the 19th century. The main purpose of Neoclassical art was to revive the old spirit of Greek and Roman art to continue the European Enlightenment. Neoclassicism rejected the ornateness of the Baroque age of art and the decorated Rococo art period. The Grand Tour allowed this artistic thought to travel across the northern areas of Europe. Subjects depicted throughout Neoclassical paintings and sculptures focus on Greek/Roman mythology and literature “using somber colors with occasional brilliant highlights, to convey moral narratives of self-denial and self-sacrifice fully in keeping with the supposed ethical superiority of Antiquity”.
All of the design were “intended to glorify the king.” Architects Jules Hardouin-Mansart, Robert de Cotte, and Louis Le Vau oversaw the renovations and additions. The landscape architect was Andre Le Notre and the interior decorator was Charles Le Brun, who was the first painter to the King. During the reign of Louis XIV, Italy lost its power and the religious wars ended.
1. Following the end of Napoleonic reign, and when the movement of the Enlightenment has swept across Europe, another culture and form of expression was born; Romanticism. This style represented the men and women of Europe who desired more than political freedom. They demanded more individual freedoms, especially the freedom of privacy and expression. Romanticists expressed what they believed, and their works became similar to Baroque works of centuries prior.
Louis Le Vau was the architect who chose to build Versailles in the Gothic style. Le Vou was the first architect do any major work on Versailles. This talented architect built the King’s and Queen’s State Apartments and the white stone facade in the garden known as ‘Le Vau’s Envelope”. Also, Le Vau built the Menagerie in the
He was beginning to work with the landscape painting. However gave his portrait at sunrise in the Paris Museum. In addition graphic display to the public at the exhibition in 1874. It was a great success. He lived with the sun and its secrets and its impact on the image of life.
Student’s Name Professor’s Name Course Date Michelangelo and Vincent Van Gogh The Renaissance period was a time of artistry and creativity. It featured the development of new forms of art and architecture. It was a time that followed the middle ages in Europe and saw plenty of revival of interest in the classical values and learning of ancient Rome and Greece.
His work is highly recognisable as it has a truly unique style sometimes referred to as “le Mucha” (p. 33). Despite the artist himself denying that, it belonged to the broader movement of Art Nouveau prevalent in Europe at the end of the 19th century. His inspiration and ideals corresponded to the moods at the time and the idea that art should be part of every day life, and that through art life could become better and higher ideals could be achieved. Mucha believed that through appreciation of beauty, one could achieve “intellectual and moral harmony” (p.32).
The Palace of Versailles was originally built in 1624 as a hunting lodge and chateau for Louis XIII of France (reigned 1610-1643). His successor, Louis XIV (reigned 1643-1715), turned the building into an extravagant, baroque palace in which he would live in full time; once he moved to Versailles he seldom went back to Paris due to his issues with the parlement of Paris (The Palace of Versailles, Encyclopedia Britannica). Baroque art was a popular medium of expression that inspired, instructed, and intimidated its audience. The palace’s baroque style was intended to glorify Louis XIV. Louis used Versailles as propaganda for his role as an absolute monarch.
It strives for rigorous sketches and perfect composition. The figure is sleek and elegant as well as full of sculpture. The work is always conceived with seriousness and philosophizing, which is characterized by his calm and lofty artistic features. If French national paintings were formed in the 17th century, Poussin can be described as “The Father of French painting." He has completed quantity of works in his life, The Martyrdom of St. Erasmus, an altarpiece for the Church of St. Petersburg, which is one of his famous works.