France went from being a country severely in debt to being one of the most powerful empires in Europe. But for every rise there must be a fall. A rebellion is an act of violence or open resistance to an established government or ruler. But what causes a rebellion and eventually revolution?
80,000 Austrian and Prussian armies were marching towards France to end the revolution (Doc C). It is true that the French forces stopped them at the Battle of Valmy in 1792, a year before the Reign of Terror (Doc C). But the goals of the revolution was to spread the new ideas of liberty, equality, and male suffrage (the right to vote) across Europe. In 1791, Austria and Prussia officially expressed their support for the French monarchy (Doc B). Furthermore, France faced internal threats in the Western region of Vendee, where emigres or nobles conspired against the young republic.
Prior to Napoleon's reign as emperor, France had been through the rein of terror and the French Revolution. King Louis the Sixteenth and his wife Marie Antoinette had put France in major debt and took no responsibility for it. He was killed by the guillotine. Robespierre took control after his death and caused more problems for France and killed anyone who was not passionate enough about his ruling. He too was killed by the guillotine.
As what 's defined as a revolution from the dictionary, “is a forcible overthrow of a government or social order in favor of a new system”. This occurred multiple times around the world, some included in the countries France; The French Revolution, Mexico; The Mexican revolution, China; The Chinese Revolution, Russia; The Russian Revolution, and many others around the globe. As both French and Mexican revolutions fought for independence and to convert to a modern world government, they both were concerned with inequality with the lower classmen. The French Revolution fought to end monarchy establishment, while the Mexican Revolution fought to end dictatorship and to establish a constitutional republic.
but he hoped that it would have an effect on Napoleon. If Jefferson was actually serious and if the US actually allied with the British, then history would have changed forever. On October 1802 Spanish again closes the ports to the Americans. The Americans get mad and assume that French are behind the embargo. The war finally ends in 1802 and France actually ends up losing at Saint-Domingue.
The acts were passed after the XYZ affair. At this time, many federalists wanted the President, John Adams, to declare war on France. Adams refused, but started the building of an army and enforced a land tax to pay for it. This caused what Republican party leader Thomas Jefferson called a “War Fever”.
However, the French revolution had led France to dictatorship and tens of years’ chaos after that. There was endless struggles between the left wing and the right wing during the French revolution. Although the left has published the Declaration of the rights of man, since the political environment was so unstable, that didn 't really changed the society into a republic. After “The Terror” which killed 40,000 people, Napoleon Bonaparte was crowned as an Emperor, a dictator of France. Then, after Napoleon died, monarchy and republic appeared alternately.
The Declaration of Independence was basically announcing them as not the thirteen colonies but as the first thirteen states of the U.S. The goals of both of these are different for a reason, because the French Revolution wanted a government and the American Revolution wanted to get away from their government. The revolutions were similar because they both wanted a different ruler and they both had absolute monarchs. They were also similar because they both had social inequalities which was basically if you were in a different social class you were treated differently.
The Reign of Terror In September 1793 to July 1794, the Reign of Terror killed over 40,000 people in France using the guillotine a machine that made it a simple way to execute a mass amount of people. The Reign of Terror was led by no other than , Robespierre. He was trying to form a new government but instead caused thousands of people to be massacred. Ultimately, The Reign of Terror in France was not justified because the threats did not require it, the methods were too extreme and It did not support the ideals of the revolution.
During Madison's presidency, he was forced to fill the ranks of the regular army by compulsion, which was drafting men from the militia into the army without a formal right from Congress. In a speech written Daniel Webster, he renounced Madison's policies since there was nothing specifically stated in the Constitution that he could use to justify his actions. Although Madison relied on his party's views of strict interpretation in regards to domestic affairs, he realized that their views in regards to foreign policy and war
All European ports under the command of Napoleon were closed because of the fear of invasion. Because of this, the Spanish-American trade cut-off made America rely on Britain all the more. America hated this, and started the tries to become independent, which was one of the reasons for the War of 1812. Tecumseh: Tecumseh was a First Nations military leader in the War of 1812.
establish the French economic dominance on the continent against the British influence. But the Napoleonic actions did not achieve the expected success; the invasion of the French troops in other countries generated the opposition of the population from the territories occupied. This was the case of Portugal and Spain, as well as the strong resistance of the Napoleonic troops in Russia. Napoleon 's defeat began in the Russian campaign, which put a stain on the image of the invincible general. Furthermore, Napoleon was appointed as a traitor of the republican ideals of the French Revolution, because of the return from the noble principles of the aristocracy.
Events such as the Intolerable Acts and the Stamp Act, along with taxation without representation, caused the colonists to break from British control. The relationship between Britain and the thirteen colonies consisted of an ongoing pattern between conflict and support. After The Seven Years war Britain was left with French’s land in the Americas and a large amount of debt. The war produced a very contradicting effect.
A Revolution is a changing rebellion, the overthrowing of a government by those who are governed. It is also a drastic and far-reaching change in ways of thinking and behaving. Thankfully today both France and the United States of America are independent countries. This is because of the Revolution they both had to undergo in the past in order to rightfully get their independence. America gained their independence on July 4, 1776 and France gained theirs on July 14, 1789.
The French revolution During the French revolution, many different events were taking place, all with the same three ideas in mind, Liberty, Equality, Fraternity. The people of Europe at this time knew that a formal constitution must be made to keep their country in order. At the time, sovereignty was being thrown around to different kings, people, and lines of royal descent. The thought of the people included giving equal sovereignty to their elected leader, and the people of Europe. Although the forming of the constitution did not take place until 1791, previous thinkers influenced the majority of the ideas put into the document.