Freud And Erikson's Theory Of Development

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Introduction The purpose of this assignment is to compare and contrast Sigmund Freud's psychosexual theory of development and Erik Erikson's psychosocial theory of development and also whether we are able to apply different concepts of psychosexual theory of development & psychosocial theory of development in daily life. Each theory will be briefly explained and the last part of the essay will be evaluating the critics of both theories by comparing. Sigmund Freud developed his theory on five psychosexual stages. He even believed that the human personality consisted of three interworking part. They are the id, the ego and the superego. According to his theory these three parts become are very much lined to each other while they work through…show more content…
His theory is helpful for child development and adults too. The five Erikson’s stages of development are trust vs. mistrust, autonomy vs. shame and doubt, initiative vs. guilt, competency vs. inferiority and the last one is identity vs. role confusion. Freud and Erik’s theories have some similarities and differences in some stages of development. In the first stage of Freud’s theory he says oral stage is the weaning process where the child must become less independent upon caretakers. At the stage of 1st year Eric says it’s the stage of trust vs. mistrust. In this if the needs are met, infant develops a sense of basic trust. If the care givers fail to develop trust will result in fear and a belief that the world is inconsistent and unpredictable. According to Freud’s anal stage the child has to learn to control his or her bodily needs. Like Freud, he also believed that toilet training is a virtual part of this stage. However in Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt he believed that learning to control one’s bodily functions leads to a feeling of control and a sense of…show more content…
In the same way Erick’s stage 4 it says kids develop a sense of pride in their accomplishments and abilities. If the child doesn’t get proper attention children develop guilt about their needs and desire. The final stage of Freud’s theory is genital stage. During this stage the individual develops a strong sexual interest in the opposite sex. He argues if the others stages have completed successfully then the individual should be a balance in different aspect in life. In Erick’s theory this stage is known as identity vs. role confusion. Similarly to Freud’s theory, Erick believed that those who remain unsure of their beliefs and desires will insecure and confused about themselves and the future. In Erick’s theory there are more stages than Freud. During the infancy vs. isolation stage those who are successful at this step will develop relationships that are committed and secure. In his studies it have demonstrated that those with a poor sense of self tend to have less committed relationships and are more likely to suffer emotional isolation, loneliness, and
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