It is during this time that we contemplate our accomplishments and are able to develop integrity if we see ourselves as leading a successful life. Success in this stage will lead to the virtue of wisdom. (McLeod, 2008) Common critiques of Freud 's theory & Erikson’s theory: Freud’s psychosexual theory is controversial. It has been thoroughly criticized. Even though Freud’s stages are related to children he based most of his theory on his work with troubled adults.
Implicitly he was proposing a revolutionary new theory of the human psyche itself. Freud is the founding father of psychoanalysis, a method for treating mental illness and also a theory which explains human behavior. In 1900 to 1905 develop a topographical model of the mind, and the theory of psychosexual develoment and of the Oedipus complex. Freud in 1923 developed a more structural model of the mind comprising the entities id, ego and superego (what Freud called “the psychic apparatus”). These are not physical areas within the brain, but rather hypothetical conceptualizations of important mental functions.
There are statements that Freud has been using drugs and even tried to cure his patients with cocaine. Furthermore, there is someone saying that he has been using fictive patients that he had “cured”. Overall, it is very much criticism in this article and is attacking Sigmund Freud a lot. Though, what we have to take into consideration is that Sigmund Freud is still today considered the father of the psychology. This means that his theories are used in many researches, in therapy, and in psychology generally.
In this assignment I first went through the outline of Freud's psychosexual theory of development. Next I mainly focused on how parents manage their children’s sexual drives during these developmental period. Finally I included some of the common critiques find in Freud’s theory. Outline of Freud’s Psychological development According to Freud, Oral stage (birth to 1 year) is the stage where the sensual pleasure is attained by sucking and biting. Mouth is the center of libido.
Freud's belief is that, creativity and sexuality are deeply linked and he goes as far as saying that the goal of creativity is sexual gratification.8 However, Freud has a different definition of sexuality than the one that is most commonly used. The English Oxford Dictionary, for example, describes sexuality as “the capacity for sexual feelings”, “a person's sexual orientation or preference” and “sexual activity”.9 Freud follows the notion of the ancient Greek philosopher Plato, for whom Eros and sexuality had two different sides. One of these sides is generally linked to the word sexuality: lustful attraction. The other side, however, displays a more innocent variation: love that has nothing to do with physical attraction but operates on a more internal level.10 This is often also called “platonic
Critiques of Freud’s psychosexual theory of development The biggest criticism of Freud’s theory is that it is too much focused on human sexuality. Many psychologists say that when Freud create this theory, he mainly collected information about his adult patients not through observations or study of children. Instead of conducting empirical researches he based this theory upon case studies. Additionally, Feminists believe that it is excessively dependent upon male perspectives and very rarely Freud has related and communicated the female desires. Furthermore, psychologists say that the future predictions of this theory are too vague.
Introduction In this essay, it discusses the comparison and differentiation between Freudians theory on psychosexual and Erikson’s theory on psychosocial crises; although their theories differentiate the main focus is human development and human behaviour. The stages their theories have are categorized by age and expresses when development begins and an in depth on the developmental process. There are factors that influence how people think and behave. Erikson’s theories were based on Frauds stages of development but differ in many ways and what effect development, and what age one stops development. Freud and Erikson’s understanding of development Sigmund Freud was an exceptional man that had knowledgeable ideas and vast knowledge
Sigmund Freud, also known as the founder of psychoanalysis, has introduced his theory on the id, ego, and superego to the psychology world. He came up with three different component of personality: the id, ego, and superego. Each personality has a different function, and they develop into a person at different age. According to Freud, the id is the most primitive part of the human personality, and it is developed during infancy, which means the id is already present in the new-born infant ( Wierzbicki, 1999). Freud believed that even the infant have sex drives.
The theory of psychosexual development was presented by one of the most prominent psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud and characterized how personality develops during the course of childhood. Whilst this theory is widely known in psychology, still, it is one of the most controversial. Freud believed that the individual develops via a series of childhood stages throughout which the energy of pleasure-seeking of the id is focused on certain erogenous areas. According to Freud, if all these stages are completed successfully, a healthy individual is a result. However, if the person will remain “stuck” on a certain stage, problems in future life may occur.
Furthermore according to Freud the events in childhood shape our defence mechanisms and how we deal with anxiety in adulthood. I can see why Freud thought that the anxiety associated with guilt leaves its mark, as we learn through our own past experiences. His theories were prominent in times when parenting styles were different from those today and it is not difficult to think why he generalised anxiety in adulthood as an internal reminder of punishment and fear of abandonment. However Adler’s work supplemented Freud’s theory by pointing out the influence of society which have personal relevance. Adler’s idea might have been influenced by his political views and experiences that a middle-class Jewish experienced, those entitled a power struggle and discrimination.