The Comparison between Freud and Jung: Their Contributions, Similarities and Differences Many people have known about psychology because of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung (Blundell, 2014). In spite of the fact that they have various theories, they have so many contributions to understand the struggle of human mind. Their theories and thoughts have not always differed from each other (Blundell, 2014). Once, they were friends and colleagues. They investigated the unconscious psyche. Jung felt like he could let down his defense mechanism to Freud because he did not just see Freud as a mentor, but also as a father figure (Blundell, 2014). After a while, their thoughts began to go different directions. As a result of this separation, their friendship did not last forever, in fact it turned into an enmity in 1913. They have conflicts about sexuality. Freud stated that sexuality was everything (Blundell, 2014). On the other hand, Jung exuded that sex can influence the one’s behaviors, however the one’s behaviors’ only reason cannot be explained with just sex. What is Psychoanalytic Perspective? Psychoanalytic perspective is all about unconscious mind (Mitchell & Black, 1995, p. xvi). People are unaware from the memories, feelings, etc. which …show more content…
4). After writing the first essay about psychoanalysis, they published Studies on Hysteria in 1895. As a result of his dreams, Freud started to think unconscious mind which led Freud to write The Interpretation of Dreams in 1901 (Blundell, 2014). According to Freud, dreams are associated with the hidden feelings and earlier experiences (Mitchell et al., 1995). He also found free association technique and stopped to practice hypnosis (Blundell, 2014). With the help of free association technique, he discovered why people behave like they
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Jungian criticism explores how Carl Jung’s psychology can be applied to literature. Carl Jung’s fascination with psychology began while he was at school studying medicine. Here, he developed another interest involving spiritual phenomena. Upon further study, Jung decided to go into psychiatry because he felt that it tied his two interests together. Over the years, Jung developed many different theories in this field.
Sigmund Freud was a popular Austrian Neurologist who greatly impacted the world of Psychology . He was known for his theories on libido, the ego, child sexuality and many other topics, while his development of Psychoanalysis theories and techniques was his best known work. He believed that the id, the ego, and the superego were the 3 major elements that the mind was composed of. Freud mainly had a deep interest of caring for others. Freud was born on May 6, 1856 in Freiberg, Moravia.
Psychoanalysis was first introduced by Sigmund Freud and is now known as classical psychoanalysis. The theory, as defined by Sigmund Freud, is the dynamic between underlying forces that determine behavior and personality. He stressed the importance of human sexuality, childhood experiences, and the unconscious processes. However, his theory was seen as misogynistic and narrow focused. Consequently, classical psychoanalysis was criticized and rejected by many scholars.
Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytical and Psychosexual Development is a theoretical development perspective in human growth and development. Freud was born in Australia and later became a neurologist who developed a new way in understanding the personality of humans. He is known as the founder of Psychoanalysis and also the Psychoanalytic Theory. Psychosexual development was also a Freudian theory, in his theory he was explained over the course of child hood how a person’s personality is developed (). Freud thought that early experiences in childhood were factors of development later in an individual’s life.
Sigmund Freud 's Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality Personality refers to individual differences in thinking, feeling and behaving patterns (American Psychological Association, 2016). To explain these differences, Sigmund Freud introduced the Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality. According to Freud, personality develops from the interaction between Structural Modal agencies: id, ego and superego (Magnavita, 2002). Interaction of agencies depends on ego strength, which refers to ego’s ability in effectively mediating between the id, superego and reality (Akhtar, 2009).
Carl Jung’s Theory of Personality Anyone who has ever been interested in psychology has at least heard of Sigmund Freud for his hand in helping the advancement and understanding of the human psyche by making the Freudian Theory. In his theory, Freud stated that a person’s personality is formed by conflicts among the three main structures of the human mind: the Id, Ego, and Superego. Fortunately, many essays, reports, books, and websites have commented about the Freudian Theory, but this writing is putting the spotlight on a past friend-turned-enemy of Freud and an under-appreciated piece of history in psychology called the Jungian Theory, named after Carl Jung. Born on July 26, 1875, Carl Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist who is mostly known for the concept of how people can be categorized into introverts and extroverts by the extent of certain functions of consciousness.(Biography) Like Freud, Jung believed that the human psyche is made of three components.
Freud’s theory of personality and psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud (6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an neurologist and also known as the father of psychoanalysis. Sigmund Freud explored the human mind and developed some of the most influential theories in modern psychology and psychoanalysis. He developed a topographical model of the mind, whereby he described the features of the mind’s structure and function. For Freud, the mind is best conceptualized in three distinct components, the conscious, preconscious and unconscious.
The similarity was that both of them considered the stages of madness were in the transitional stages of human life between unconsciousness and consciousness. The difference was that Jung believed that the stages of madness are amplified because of problems arising in human life. Abundance of problems and issues leads to constant state of madness. According to Jung, the acquisition of consciousness was a linear development, then the level of consciousness was raised. Consciousness was formed from the childhood period, passing into the adolescent stage and was completed in adulthood.
Sigmund Freud is Psychology’s most famous psychoanalysis. His work and theories have helped shape our views of personality, levels of consciousness and unconsciousness mind, the structure of personality and the development of personality. There are three aspects to Freud’s theory of personality structure and fives stages through the psychosexual development. The psyche
83) continues throughout ones’ life instead of it being restricted to childhood (Lu, 2012). Connor (2014) claims that the method that Jung used was not adequately systematic and that Jung placed far too great of an importance on religious convictions, studies of occult practises, mysticism and spiritualism. Some analysists are of the opinion that Jung’s theory is unempirical, unintelligible, indistinct, contradictory and inconsistent (Samues, 1985). Lu (2012) pointed out that Jung’s theory is unviable as one cannot simply prove or disprove some of Jung’s claims, as some concepts are overly ambiguous. A few analysists have gone as far as to say that many concepts of Jungian psychology are irrelevant to contemporary cultures (Connor,
1. The psychoanalytic analysis in general Psychoanalytic criticism was developed by Austrian neurologist and the father of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud. His theory is based on conscious and unconscious functioning, stages of growth, developments in human behavior and normal and abnormal experiences. If we apply some psychoanalytic techniques like flashbacks, childhood memories and regression, we can uncover the hidden meanings, motivations, repressed dreams and wishes within the text. Major principles of Freud’s theory are the models of human psyche, the psychosexual stages, defense mechanism, the Oedipus complex, dreams and dream symbols.
Introduction Sigmund Freud is the great theorist of the mysteries of the human mind and a founder of the psychoanalysis theory which was formed in the 1800s, the theory is well known for accessing self-identity and the self in different ways in order to discover their different meaning, (Elliott, 2015). Buss (2008) states that Sigmund’s theory of Psychoanalysis offers a unique controversial insight into how the human mind works in a way that, this theory provided a new approach to psychotherapy, thus it means that it provided a new treatment for psychological problems that even highly qualified doctors couldn’t even cure. (Buss, 2008) According to Cloninger (2013), Erik Erikson on the other hand is the founder of the psychoanalytic-social Perspective which is mostly referred to as psychosocial development theory, Erikson became interested in child development when he met Anna Freud and he trained in psychoanalysis and with his Montessori diploma, he become one of the most influential psychologist of the 20th century.
This particular work of Freud has been noticed by anthropologists, the vogue of the psychoanalytic movement founded by him is now so strong that the book is certain to make an impression in many intelligent circles. As a theory, psychoanalysis is strongly states that individuals are unaware of the many factors which lie in their unconscious mind that cause some behaviour and emotions. These
One of the similarities between the two is that the theories are founded based on the exploitation of personal experiences and the personal development of Freud and Maslow. According to the history of the psychology, it can be seen clearly that both Freud and Maslow found and explained their theories mainly based on their personal childhood experiences and also their personal experiences throughout their life without any conducting any scientific experiment, which caused the theories cannot be tested out by replicating any scientific experiment or research. On the other hand, another similarity between Freud’s psychoanalytic theories and Maslow’s humanistic theories are the differentiation of stages. Freud differentiated the psychosexual stages of development into several stages consist of the oral stage, anal stage, phallic stage, latent stage and genital stage (McLeod, 2013).