But why do we bother to try.” without these mental agilities, it’s difficult to chase after something as great as a dream. This is very important because being strong or fast is one thing, but being smart is something on a whole new level. The author Heinrich states, “I’m moved by others’ dreams and by their devotion and courage in the pursuit of excellence.” Your mind is the key aspect of dreaming so it’s really important.
PBS’s, Nova What Are Dreams, is a forty-five-minute documentary about how different stages of sleep effect our dreams. Throughout the documentary, we also witness how dreaming is essential for making sense of the world around us. For nearly a century, many thought when one is asleep the brain is asleep as well. Yet not until technology advanced, did scientists begin examining sleeping patients to notice every ninety minutes their patients brain showed activity as if they were awake but were still unconscious.
Title Dreams sometimes are inconspicuous, and at times they can be elusive. Additionally, dreams do not attract nor require a copious amount of attention and they reside covertly in the back of someone 's mind. Perhaps the person has not elected to share their dream, so over time, it becomes a work of tired thoughts and ideas that have grown old and the person misplaces or forgets their own dream. More importantly, it is difficult to identify why some dreams incessantly linger in one 's thoughts. The dream doesn’t burn out, instead, it becomes louder and converts into unorganized patterns.
Do dreams have an evolutionary function? In this essay I will discuss Flanagan’s reasons for believing consciousness is an adaptation, I also will discuss why sleep is an adaptation and his stance on dreams being spandrels. And I will end with my opinion on why dreams may or may not be significant based on Flanagan’s theory and the treat simulation theory. I will also discuss the reasons why or why not dreams may have an evolutionary function.
If there is one thing that defines the human experience, it is the ability to dream. No matter the place of origin, or background, every human dreams of something greater. People dream of jobs, acceptances into prestigious universities, love, wealth, and more. However, often times we are taught from a young age to never give up on our dreams. In reality, that mindset can often hold us back.
1. Introduction Starting from the ancient times humans has always been interested in strange phenomena of sleeping and dreams. Dreams can be explained psychologically as images of subconsciousness and feedback of neural processes in human's brain. For most of us, dreaming is something quite separate from normal life. When we wake up from being chased by a monster, or being on a date with a movie star, we realize with relief or disappointment that "it was just a dream."
(Sometimes I had more than one dream in one night.) I will first say that my sleeping patterns are not at all constant. In fact, they seemed to bounce all over the place. I can confirm that everything that I dreamt about correlated with my thoughts during the day. So, to me, it seems obvious that my dreams are being based off of the cognitive approach to dreaming.
The “why we dream argument see dreams as only nonsense that the brain creates from fragments of images and memory” (Obringer). On this side of the argument dreams are viewed as tricks of the mind that just seem to happen. Other people believe differently. Some people believe dreams have meaning even if we don’t recognize it at first. “Many think dreams are full of symbolic messages that may not be clear to us on the surface” (Obringer).
A major part of the brain activity that takes place during dreaming is temporarily paralyzing our muscles. When we enter REM sleep our brain sends a message to the spinal cord telling it to “turn off” our motor neurons. This happens so that we do not act out our dreams. Another job that the brain completes during the night is disposing of unimportant information. On the opposite side, the brain also remembers important information that we have learned.
In his theory of dissociation he stated that: “The nature of conscious activity, especially partial automatism in which a part of one's personality is split off from self-awareness and follows an autonomous subconscious development”. Janet’s theory of the subconscious can be compared to Freud’s theory which is: “the unconscious mind governs behavior to a greater degree than people suspect”. Although there’re differences in the two theories, the main idea still remains, that the subconscious mind comprises thoughts inaccessible to the consciousness but to some extent, affect our behaviours personalities. Carl Jung (1953) also arrived at the same theory as Freud regarding the subconscious mind . However, there is a major difference between Jung and Freud’s model of the unconsciousness.
4). After writing the first essay about psychoanalysis, they published Studies on Hysteria in 1895. As a result of his dreams, Freud started to think unconscious mind which led Freud to write The Interpretation of Dreams in 1901 (Blundell, 2014). According to Freud, dreams are associated with the hidden feelings and earlier experiences (Mitchell et al., 1995). He also found free association technique and stopped to practice hypnosis (Blundell, 2014).