In Things Fall Apart, Chinua Achebe utilizes allegories and allusions to create a sense of mystery concerning Umuofia in the regards of a leadership based on vast ego and self-will. He leaves depth in his stories only recognizable by the mantle within the plot. On the surface of the storyline is a character with issues concerning his mentality and ignorant behavior whom engages with his pride and influences the people around him. He is unsympathetic as the result of growing up in a warrior’s culture and being raised by a man that he constitutes as weak and worthless. But the underlying layer deep within him is a dreadful form of beauty that also functions as a lesson of adriftment from one’s self and beliefs.
Awareness of the evil of human nature is demonstrated in the recount of his life story told to Miranda, explaining how pursuit of knowledge led him to neglect his leadership duties, "I, thus neglecting worldly ends, all dedicated / To closeness and the bettering of my mind … in my false brother / Awaked an evil nature", using personification to emphasise his discovery of the dark side of human nature in his brother, like a monster that has "awaked" from a deep sleep, poised to wreak havoc on all that stands in its way. The interrupted construction "in my false brother / Awaked an evil nature" conveys a sense of urgency through fragmentation and statement compression, adding dramatic effect, thus illuminating Prospero's awareness of the evil inherent in human nature. As a foil to Antonio and Sebastian, Gonzalo exemplifies the goodness of human nature, while amplifying the manipulative, evil side of human nature that Antonio and Sebastian represent, facilitating Prospero's awareness of the duality of human nature. Through the dramatic device of Prospero tracing out a circle on the stage and speaking to the court party that enter about their actions, he praises Gonzalo, "Holy Gonzalo, honourable man", acknowledging the innate kindness of compassion of human nature. This is in contrast to his criticism of
He feels terrible for the pain he has caused them. It is one thing to have his own case to worry about, but it is another to be weighed down with the guilt of being, however unintentionally, the source of these poor fools' misery. The Underground Man would likely respond differently. His recurring desire for power over other people needs to be understood. He does not care for money as a source of wealth as is common, but instead, he views it as a method of controlling other people.
Within the poem mankind is the cause of chaos in the world. Greed and lust causes man to self destruct. According to the poet humans see each other as prey and they seek to lord over each other. The poem explains that all this is meaningless because all that we know has and will come to an end. As a result of hardship man will hold on to his faith or he will let go of it because he will question the meaning of life and how God can exist when there is so much pain in the world.
He directly contradicts this position in the first line by writing, "Oh wretched man, earth-fated to be cursed… Horrors on horrors, griefs on griefs must show that man 's the victim of unceasing woe" (205). Voltaire blatantly addresses the curses, plagues, miseries, horrors and griefs of the world, and he calls humans victims of these evils. He also says, "unceasing woe", which signifies that he believes these sorrows will never come to an end. He starts off right to the point, but as the poem continues, he uses more sarcasm to disprove the optimistic position of the
Many say that your enemies define you; yet, I believe that what truly defines you is your way of thinking; your perspective of things and your philosophy. However, even when men try to establish order within their inner selves in the midst of a relentless chaos by building the foundations of their principals, they can sometimes clash with the welfare of others. Therefore, I would ponder the possibility of ending my life with dignity in the face of a terminal disease for the sake of my loved ones, even if it means a direct altercation with my psyche and my morality. Carl Jung’s archetypes explain that the psyche is fragmented in two, the Self and the Shadow, which must harmonically coexist; this component of Jungian psychology deeply relates to one’s inner conflict when in the face of a predicament, just like the one exposed previously. In truth, finding said balance is imperative and that is why I believe that no yielding to the illness would the be the better decision in accord to my principles.
Freud (1927) states the third point raises strong suspicion because a prohibition such as that can only be for one reason: “that society is very well aware of the insecurity of the claim it makes on behalf of its religious doctrines” (p. 26). Freud (1927) goes on to say that religion is an outgrowth of childlike helplessness; God is a manifestation of a child longing for a father. Freud (1927) states that the gods retain their threefold task: “they must exorcize the terrors of nature, they must reconcile men to the cruelty of Fate, particularly as it is shown in death, and they must compensate them for the sufferings and privations which a civilized life in common has imposed on them” (p. 18). Freud (1927) posits that if religion had succeeded in “making the majority of mankind happy, in comforting them, in reconciling them to life and in making them into vehicles of civilization, no one would dream of attempting to alter the existing conditions” (p. 37). He states that religion has lost part of its influence over humans because of the advances of science (Freud, 1927).
Against Jocasta’s suggestions, he is persistent in finding out who his father and mother were. When he does, he is dismally torn to shreds. Even if he didn’t mean to kill his father and have children with his mother, it proves to be immoral and wrong even in today’s standards. Because of his strong emotions of self-hatred, he inflicted much pain unto himself so as to never have to see the world again, therefore proving he suffers both physically and mentally. Oedipus’ downfall makes the audience feel a sense of catharsis, or emotional release that is provoked by Oedipus’ downfall.
In the condition of nature, where man is put at war against man, no security is conceivable and life is brimming with terror. In any case, two common interests empower individuals to get away from the condition of nature; Hobbes’ refers to them as trepidation and reason (pg.108). Angst makes man need to get away from the condition of nature; logic demonstrates to him a method to get away. Reason gives the laws that Hobbes creates, which constitute the establishment for peace. With the creation of what Hobbes refers to as “state of nature”, Hobbes alters his philosophical content into an odd cross blend of genres, in order to portray the innate and natural state of humankind and its anecdotal perspectives is the result of abstract creativity.
He feels guilty for having an affair with Hester and keeping it a secret. As a result, he punishes himself physically, going to great lengths to try and rid himself of guilt. He lives his life hiding the truth from others, while watching Hester struggle to come to terms with the truth. The height of the hypocrisy in the situation comes when Dimmesdale tells Hester, "Be not silent from any mistaken pity and tenderness for him; for, believe me, Hester, though he were to step down from a high place, and stand there beside thee, on thy pedestal of shame, yet better were it so, than to hide a guilty heart through life. What can thy silence do for him, except it tempt him-yea, compel him, as it were-to add hypocrisy to sin (Hawthorne 58)?"