Freudian Psychoanalysis: The Three Approaches In Psychology

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THE THREE PHASES IN PSYCHOANALYSIS Psychoanalysis is based on the concept that individuals are unaware of the many factors that cause their behavior and emotions. Freudian psychoanalysis refers to a specific type of treatment or verbalization in which the analyst provokes analysand’s unconscious conflict and the analysand verbally expresses his/her thoughts. As per Freud, There is a force in the mind which exercises the functions of a censorship, and which excludes from consciousness and from any influence upon action all tendencies which displease it. Such tendencies are described as "repressed". They remain unconscious; and if one attempts to bring them into the patient 's consciousness one provokes a "resistance”. The analysts tries to understand the analysand’s mind and then create a rapport with the patient if they could suceed the resistance . The analyst may introduce himself into the session by commenting on a memory the patient shares. Its a Process- in -Process in which the analysand transfers to the analyst, the emotions experienced in the past, other important moments or information. In this process, analysand could have a solid memory of ‘something is remembered and not been forgotten’ and repeats , it literally means that the patient repeats instead of remembering. This repetition is a transference of the forgotten past . Freud used the word "transference" to refer a ubiquitous psychological phenomenon that describes the tendency for a person to base

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