A top reason for this choice is that it is the fundamental theory which has given rise to more complex ideas that were developed as social scientists expanded and further evaluated the different aspects of Freud’s theory. The psychoanalytic theory proposed by Freud describes that human personality develops through incremental stages. Each stage is described as a conflict where the personality is developed through the interaction of the ego, the superego and the id. Freud described that the parts of the personality fight on an unconscious level to achieve a set of results, that we then described as personality. Another ideal that I liked is the concept of psychosexual stages, that are termed as development.
“The Witch” is what mostly stands out as evil spirits in this verse, as well as the actions taken against her. The effect of specific detail also takes place with, “he wrenched himself” and “so swiftly”. Such exemplification further shows Gogol’s imagination, so revealing yet, includes the sense of the time frame of this novel. Another example, What is there to be afraid of?” he thought to himself. “She will not rise from her bier, since she fears God’s word.
Abstract: The objective of the present article is to demonstrate acute psychoanalytical dispositions in Eugene O’Neill’s Strange Interlude. A two tier strategy of delving is involved to delineate that apart from the dramas, it was also the dramatist who was subconsciously self- psychoanalyzing in an attempt to link his conscious and subconscious mind. The first tier includes the characterization, the plot structure, themes and motifs of the drama. The second tier consists of the authors personal background, his idiosyncratic psyche, and his motivation that went through in compiling the dramas. A concurrent juxtaposing is made within the article to prove the impact of psychoanalysis on the dramatist and his dramas.
Abstract: This paper attempts to study the famous play of Williams Shakespeare, The Tempest with the different angle of Psychoanalysis .The three Personality elements of ‘Psychoanalytic Theory’ given by famous psychologist Sigmund Freud can be seen clearly in the characters of the play through this small study . Williams Shakespeare is known for the unique character formation which makes him different from other dramatist or play writers. He takes the characters from different walks of life, they could be ‘ the most foolish king. Or the wisest fool in the king’s court’. His art work generally depicts the keen understanding of human nature.
Introduction Sigmund Freud is the great theorist of the mysteries of the human mind and a founder of the psychoanalysis theory which was formed in the 1800s, the theory is well known for accessing self-identity and the self in different ways in order to discover their different meaning, (Elliott, 2015). Buss (2008) states that Sigmund’s theory of Psychoanalysis offers a unique controversial insight into how the human mind works in a way that, this theory provided a new approach to psychotherapy, thus it means that it provided a new treatment for psychological problems that even highly qualified doctors couldn’t even cure. (Buss, 2008) According to Cloninger (2013), Erik Erikson on the other hand is the founder of the psychoanalytic-social Perspective which is mostly referred to as psychosocial development theory, Erikson became interested in child development when he met Anna Freud and he trained in psychoanalysis and with his Montessori diploma, he become one of the most influential psychologist of the 20th century. His theory describes eight stages of development that occurs in sequence throughout life and unlike Sigmund Freud’s theory, Erickson’s theory is more comprehensive because it encompasses cultural phenomena and mostly applied to therapy with Children and adolescence. (Cloninger, 2013) This essay explores Freud theory of Psychoanalysis and Erikson Psychosocial theory, analyzing, comparing and contrasting the two theories looking at the basic tenets and assumptions
Macbeth challenges the patriarchal view of the society by critiquing the feminine qualities of aLady Macbeth. Several beliefs are questioned though the use of figurative language, shuts the ideology of the Great Chain of Being. Witchcraft and the supernatural are addresses as a popular topic in the 17th century. The ideas of fate and disorder are challenged, yet reinforced, as Shakespeare works to give an understanding to the types of beliefs that society held. Shakespeare’s novel diverges the audience and leads to the questionable ideologies that were said to be bestowed by the Creator himself.
When Abigail approaches Proctor and talks to him, she tells him how they are faking witchcraft. Proctor then tries to stop the trials when he realizes that the girls have faked it. Later on, he is accused of witchcraft and will not falsely admit to it and is hanged at the end of the play. Throughout the play, Proctor shows both honorable and flawed traits. However, many of Proctor’s flawed actions overshadow those that are honorable.
and obtains the title, which trigger an arrogant and self-absorbed thinking leading to madness and finally, death. The play seems to bring up the question, whether Macbeth is fully responsible of his own destiny, or under control of fate. In the first glance, the play seems to take rather fatalistic direction, meaning that we are powerless to make decisions as they are inevitably determined by supernatural power (Hugh 1)) It is due to the presence of supernatural forces throughout the whole play that systematically fulfills the prophecy; therefore the witches represent the idea of fate in the play. However, Shakespeare seems to rather intertwine fate with free will and perhaps even promotes the second philosophy as the play evolves. Free Will over Fate in Macbeth This theory is obvious in a scene, where Macbeth is consciously deciding to kill king Duncan.
Examine how and to what end Shakespeare has explored the concept of deception “Fair is foul, and foul is fair.” (1.1.11). Deception, deliberately leading someone to believe in something that is not true. The immoral and deceitful actions that one executes, will always come with consequences. Trickery plays a huge role in Shakespeare 's play Macbeth, written in 1606. Main characters such as Lady Macbeth, Macbeth, Duncan, Banquo, the witches and Lennox continuously establish the theme of deception throughout the play.
When comparing and contrasting the psychodynamic and behaviourist approach to psychology similarities can be noted in early learning experiences and how this effects adult personalities. The differences can be seen in their views on mental process and in testing each theory. “The psychodynamic perspective searches for the causes of behaviour within the inner workings of our personality emphasizing the role of unconscious process”. (Passer, 2009 p11) Whereas, “The Behaviourist perspective focuses on the role of the external environment in governing our actions” (Passer, 2009, p13) Sigmund Freud developed the extremely influential and controversial theory of psychoanalysis. Despite the controversy, he had a huge impact on the field of psychology as it is today.