Freud’s psychoanalytic view of the personality consist of three framework, the terms are id, ego and and superego. These titles for psychological structures should not be considered to occur separately but to operate the personality but to function as whole instead of three different components. The id is the foundation system of the personality. Its ruled by the pleasure principle. This pleasure principle aims to reduce stress, avoids hurtful pain and gains pleasure.
There are a number of influential psychologists that have shaped the way we think about human behavior and characteristics. A brief overview of these theories will help us understand the field of psychology as we understand it in the 21st century. The most famous figure, the most influential and controversial thinker of the twentieth century in the field of Psychology is Sigmund Freud. His work and theories helped us to shape our views of childhood, personality, memory and sexuality. After Freud other major psychologists have contributed in this field but their development was mainly from the standpoint of opposing what Freud had preached.
The Various Perspectives of Personality There have been numerous studies of the factors that can affect a person’s personality. Typically, these studies always reflected on what role a child’s early life played in their adult personalities. The character of Howard Hughes from the movie The Aviator was a fitting example of the many effective factors (Scorsese, 2004). This paper’s purpose is to examine and describe theories such as the psychoanalysis perspective, physiological perspective, and biological perspective of personality traits. Psychoanalysis Perspective Erik Erikson was a student of Freud whose approach to psychoanalysis was called ego psychology (Larsen & Buss, 2008).
The personality in this model was highly related to the human body until the first noted physiologist Wilhelm Wundt who cleared the theory by the clear differentiation he made between the human body and the personality in the late 19th or the early 20th century . He realized that the body is too limited to handle the human’s temperament. He named four temperaments : sanguine ,phlegm ,cholera and melancholy ,and he believed that the four of them were the basic dimensions of the human personality. in the twentieth century Sigmund Freud created a structural model of the mind depending on three components of the human mind and the battle between them is the whole of each human’s behavior . Freud made the first psychodynamic approaches to personality , but he had a
However, in this essay I will only deal with the three prominent theories, which are, Psycho-analytic theory, Behavioral theory and Humanistic theory. The first part of this essay will evaluate the Psychoanalytic theory by Sigmund Freud. Psychoanalytical theory defined and evaluated the development and structure of personality. Freud believed human nature is basically deterministic. People were helped to gain an insight into their unconscious thoughts by making them conscious which made easy the release of their repressed emotions and experiences and therefore getting cured and unsolved issues being solved.
Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development Many researchers have tried to revise after Freud 's psychoanalysis, to show the value associated with the process and I have to follow their development (Kail, Cavanaugh, 2004). The most prominent of the so-called ego psychology was Erik Erikson. As with other postfreydistov for Erickson the greatest importance was the self and its adaptive capacity in connection with the problem of the individual. However, this does not mean that he neglected his theory of biological or social factors (Kail, Cavanaugh, 2004). In fact, Erickson insisted that any psychological phenomenon can be understood in the context of a coherent interaction between biological, behavioral, and social factors empirical.
It was then Sigmund Freud (1856 -1939) who advanced his startling theories about the workings of the human psyche, its formation, its organization, and its maladies: Of the all psychology kind known till then, the psychoanalytic is the most distinctive. It was the only one founded in the tradition of clinical science that arose at the end of the 19th century, and it was the only one that developed outside the research universities that provided the main venue for scientific inquiry. The central figure in this school, naturally, is its founder, Sigmund Freud. (Sulloway, 1979). ( ta inja 80%) He expressed and advanced the notions of the unconscious, childish sexuality and repression, and projected a tripartite explanation of the mind’s structure-all as part of a very new theoretical and healing structure of allusion for the understanding of human psychological growth and the management of atypical mental conditions.
Finally agreeableness concerns their focus on co-operation and openness to experience is self-explanatory (Roccas et al., 2002; Allen et al., 2013). Roccas et al. (2002) claim that the traits of the FFM can interact, which supports the notion that no one trait is independent from another and it is the interaction of the traits which results in the person’s personality. Roccas et al. (2002) goes further to suggest that traits influence individual’s on the subconscious level, meaning that they cause behaviour which is out of the
Freud said that the personality was derived into three separate arts the Id, Ego, Superego. The Id is very first drive which has strong influences in a person. It is said that Id deals with pleasure principle and its aim is to gain pleasure , without giving preference to consideration
An era of hard work and self-analysis, further, inspired by the death of his father, directed Freud to his publication of The Interpretation of Dreams in 1900 and of Psychopathology of Everyday Life in 1901. The latter work, presenting entertaining and appropriate sketches of Freudian slides, gained a wide audience for his theories of the mind. Freud’s findings on the inner workings of the human mind, have been now broadly accepted by the most schools of psychological thought. Known as “the father of psychoanalysis,” Freud’s work has been tremendously influential in the accepted imagination, popularizing such ideas as the unconscious, defense mechanisms, Freudian slips and dream symbolism, while also making a long-lasting impact on various fields as literature and , film, Marxist and feminist theories, literary criticism, philosophy and psychology. This is a crucially important matter, since Freud not only saw himself first and leading as a pioneer scientist, but constantly declared that the significance of psychoanalysis is that it is a new science, added in a new scientific method of dealing with the mind and with mental illness.