Freud's Psychology And The Phychodynamic Theory Of Sigmund Freud
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Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) explored the human mind more deeply than any other psychologist before him. He has contributed a huge amount to psychology. He founded what is known as the psychodynamic approach. This theoretical framework developed through Freud 's interpretations of his own patients whom many had experienced psychiatric disorders, has had a serious effect on many areas within psychology such as human development.
For Freud , humans consist of drive and impulses. Freud believed that the human psyche has more than one aspect. Freud (1923) saw that the psyche structure was actually in three parts, the id, ego and superego. The ‘id’ is the first part of the personality to develop.It is focused on the persons wants and needs. The id immediately demands satisfaction and when this happens the person experiences pleasure when not pain is experienced. The id is not affected by logic or everyday life. The id is experienced from birth when the baby only cares that their needs are met.The second part of the psyche is called ‘the ego’, which is the opposite of the id. The ego is the part of personality that is responsible for dealing with reality. The ego ensures that the impulses of the id can be expressed in an acceptable way to the outside world.The ego functions in both the conscious and unconscious mind. The final aspect of the human psyche is ‘the superego’. The superego acts as a balance between the id and the ego so both sides are at an equilibrium.It provides