Adler was once a student of Sigmund Freud, therefore, ome of Freud work may have a place in alders work for example when the first born is replaced the child behaves in a very volatile manner to seek attention from parents this behaviour according to Sigmund Freud could be called an ID impulse. Freud described the id as an entity “that behaves according to the pleasure principle, seeking immediate gratification of wishes and a reduction of pain and tension. Since the id is infantile and primitive by nature, it attempts to satisfy its desires by what Freud termed primary process. This means that the id is illogical, a social, impulsive, and demanding. Primary process means that there is action or discharge without thought or delay.
In the shortest terms the Oedipus complex is based on the idea that the young boy develops sexual desires for his mother and a hatred towards the father with murderous tendencies. The young girl on the other hand goes through the Electra complex, which is exactly the opposite of the Oedipus complex, except more brief as according to Freud, the girl soon realises that she does not have a penis and this leads to the development that she wishes that she was a boy. Freud calls this penis envy, this is also one of Freud’s most controversial theories that many reject completely. There is something in the way Freud seems to address women that draws a similarity as to how Allen’s female characters are constructed. Allen is often scrutinised for dealing with female characters as erotic objects merely there for the male gaze.
Huxley’s novel is a little different when it comes to bearing children. They have elective childbearing, which means that the mothers to not bear children anymore and so motherhood is indecent. As we know how sex was only a use of populating the human race and for reproduction use only, 1984 seemed to have children as surveillance more than anything. The people in the society never seemed to be able to trust one another so having the children there to rate out there parents appeared the way to catch those who felt feeling and recalled about the past. Having read both books, Freud is mentioned in both stories through his impact on sexual desires, aggression and how it is important to human beings even though they emphasize it in a totally different way.
Even though Freud’s stages are related to children he based most of his theory on his work with troubled adults. He never worked with children. It is believed that his work was too focused on human sexuality. (boundless) Erikson is rather vague about the causes of development. The theory does not have a universal mechanism for crisis resolution.
1.6—Freudian Love as Possession and Power as Manipulation of Parents The Oedipal Complex of Freud seems to bring a stretch of preschool sexuality into the realm of immature power manipulation. The preschool child has a different relationship with the mother than he has with the father and likes different parents in different ways based on his needs. At this stage, as the child favors the mom over the dad, he begins to realize that both parents like expressions of his love and approval and therein is a source of power to play one off over the other. The child may want the mom’s nurturing and reject the intrusion of the father who has been out working all day. As a pre-verbal baby this was okay for the father but now the dad wants more interaction
Lastly, Freud’s psychosexual theory was strongly criticized by opposite gender- female. In the phallic stage of psychosexual theory, Freud’s believe that girls will desire their fathers and develop penis envy (this is not initially Freud’s idea, he believe it at first, but then reject it). However, females claimed that Freud would not understand their life progression due to gender difference. These criticisms and controversies all make Freud’s proposal less valid and
Erikson’s first five stages followed the same sequence and core concepts as Freud’s and the element that bonds both their theories is that if someone has a difficulty in adulthood it is because they may not have resolved it in an earlier childhood conflict. For example, a child who does not resolve Erikson’s first stage of trust vs. mistrust will have problems trusting in adulthood. In Erikson’s third stage entitled initiative vs. guilt which takes place between the ages of 3-6, children internalize or accept responses from parents and peers and those internalized reactions follow them throughout their lives, and in turn, affect how they interact in society. For example, in a society where being assertive is valued an assertive child will get positive feedback and thrive. On the other hand, in a society where assertiveness is viewed negatively, the child will get negative responses from parents and peers and this will affect his development into an adult.
The clinical term for sexual attraction to children is pedophilia, which is Greek for “child lover”. The DSM-IV describes pedophilia as recurrent and intense fantasies, urges, and/or behaviors of a sexual nature towards prepubescent children. Within this definition, there are two subcategories of pedophiles: the non-exclusive and the exclusive. The non-exclusive pedophile is an individual is attracted to children and adults. The exclusive pedophile is attracted to only children.
Freudian Theories IV D.) Theory of Femininity and Female Sexuality Freud questioned how a woman comes into being and “how a woman develops out of a child with a bisexual disposition” (Freud 1933, p. 116). Woman came to be through “penis envy.” As a young girl, she discovers that a boy has a penis and enjoys more sexual pleasure out of it. Due to this, she develops jealousy towards not having a penis and abandons any sexual pleasure by clitoral stimulation. This reinforces her Oedipus Complex. Penis envy in addition to her Oedipus Complex, is Sigmund Freud’s definition of “normal femininity” (Jingchao Ma, n.d.,
According to Freud, every individual will undergo different stages in the developmental of personality within the first 5 years of life (Smith, Hoeksema, Fredrickson, and Loftus, 2003). According to Weiten(2007), Freud explains that the sexual urges in a child will divert from one stage to another stage. At different stages in psychosexual development, the pleasurable feelings will be focused at different area of the body which is important, and become the source of conflict. When someone fail to solve a conflict completely, he or she will result in fixation (Ciccarelli and White, 2014). In short, for each psychosexual stages, challenges has to be faced, and failure to handle this challenges carefully will lead to fixation.