Freud And Erikson Similarities

Powerful Essays
Introduction This essay is based on the comparison of psychosexual theories of Sigmund Freud and psychosocial theory of Erik Erikson. In this essay, similarities and the differences between these two theories are explained and outlined. The two famous theories of development are Sigmund Freud's psychosexual theory and Erik Erikson's psychosocial theory. Sigmund Freud's psychosexual theory and Erik Erikson's psychosocial theory are two important theories on human growth and development. These theories are not only concerned with development of infants and children, they also emphasizes the development of adolescence, adulthood and entire life span. Sigmund Freud's psychosexual development…show more content…
This is because, Erikson's theory was based on many Freud's ideas. Both Freud and Erikson emphasise the importance of unconscious mind on personality development. Additionally, these two theories both separate development into stages of a person's life and use similar age divisions for these developmental stages. Similarities of psychosexual theories of Freud and psychosocial theory of Erikson. Though, there are few similarities of Sigmund Freud's psychosexual theory and Erik Erikson's psychosocial theory, the major differences of the stages and the developmental issues that are explained in both the theories. The reason for this is that each theorist believed in his own experiences and ideas for the development. The main differences are that while Freud’s theory is mainly developed on the psychosexual changes, Erickson’s theory describes the effects of social experiences on an individual during his or her lifespan (Flannagan, 1999). Freud's stages of psychosexual development consist of five stages. Freud's five stages only went to the age of eighteen, whereas Erikson believed that personality develops throughout the entire life of an individual and for this reason his eight stages go…show more content…
Differences between the stages of Sigmund Freud’s psychosexual theory and Erik Erikson’s psychosocial theory. Stage 1: (birth to 1 year) Freud’s Oral Stage takes place from birth to one year. During this stage, a child is orally oriented. The mouth is the child's primary source of satisfaction. Everything a child touches need to put in his or her mouth. Freud believes children do this because it gives them pleasure. However, Erikson’s Trust versus Mistrust is the first stage during a child’s infancy. A child depends completely on caregivers for basic needs such as food, comfort and warmth. If the child is fulfilled with these needs, the child develops trust. Stage 2: (1 to 3 years) Freud called this stage as Anal Stage of development. In this stage, children gain sense of mastery by controlling erogenous zone or in other word it is anal region. Children who are succeeded in this stage are capable and productive. However, in the Erikson’s Autonomy versus Shame and Doubt stage the children feel self-sufficient of doing things on children’s own. Children believe that they are able to do toilet training, talking, eating, wearing clothes, etc. Stage 3: (3 to 6
Get Access