Freud's Psychoosexual Theory

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Introduction This essay is based on the comparison of psychosexual theories of Sigmund Freud and psychosocial theory of Erik Erikson. In this essay, similarities and the differences between these two theories are explained and outlined. The two famous theories of development are Sigmund Freud's psychosexual theory and Erik Erikson's psychosocial theory. Sigmund Freud's psychosexual theory and Erik Erikson's psychosocial theory are two important theories on human growth and development. These theories are not only concerned with development of infants and children, they also emphasizes the development of adolescence, adulthood and entire life span. Sigmund Freud's psychosexual development…show more content…
Freud's five stages only went to the age of eighteen, whereas Erikson believed that personality develops throughout the entire life of an individual and for this reason his eight stages go up to fifty years and older. Differences between the stages of Sigmund Freud’s psychosexual theory and Erik Erikson’s psychosocial theory. Stage 1: (birth to 1 year) Freud’s Oral Stage takes place from birth to one year. During this stage, a child is orally oriented. The mouth is the child's primary source of satisfaction. Everything a child touches need to put in his or her mouth. Freud believes children do this because it gives them pleasure. However, Erikson’s Trust versus Mistrust is the first stage during a child’s infancy. A child depends completely on caregivers for basic needs such as food, comfort and warmth. If the child is fulfilled with these needs, the child develops trust. Stage 2: (1 to 3 years) Freud called this stage as Anal Stage of development. In this stage, children gain sense of mastery by controlling erogenous zone or in other word it is anal region. Children who are succeeded in this stage are capable and productive. However, in the Erikson’s Autonomy versus Shame and Doubt stage…show more content…
However, Erikson has divided this Adulthood stage into three. At first, Intimacy versus Isolation (20 to 40 years) is a stage that young adults develop stable and intimate relationships with another person. Secondly, Generativity versus Stagnation (40 to 60 years) as people reach middle adulthood, they work to become productive members of society, either through parenting or through their jobs. If they fail, they become overly self-absorbed. Finally, Integrity vs. Despair (60 years +) in old age, people examine their lives. They may either have a sense of happiness or be frustrated about their lives and the future. Conclusion To sum up, I can say that developmental theories are vital for successful understanding of human development and growth. The study of human growth and development is very important to know how people grow and change over the course of a lifetime. These theories originated from the work of Sigmund Freud. Freud’s theory further inspired and expanded by Erik Erikson. Erik Erikson’s
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