Freud's Structure Of Personality And Defense Mechanisms

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Freud 's theories are very important today and can be seen in everyday life such as the Structure of Personality Theory and his theory on Defense Mechanisms which I will outline and discuss in the Essay. I will explore the three key element of the Structure of personality. I will also discuss defense mechanism with a focus on repression and how it effects people in a lie crisis.Freud was very influential in psychoanalytic theory and is commonly referred to as the father of psychoanalysis. The impact of Freud 's work in modern psychology, and in our entire culture, has been extremely significant. That is why I wanted to have a closer look at Freud 's Structure of Personality and Defense Mechanisms.
The Id is the most primitive and earliest developed of the structures of personality. A child is born with an Id and it develops further till about 18 months.According to Hjelle and Ziegler (1992) Id " refers exclusively to the primitive, instinctive, and inherited aspects of personality". It has no direct connection with reality, social values or morality. A baby will cry when it is hungry and will not wait for the food. The Id functions using instincts, another of Freud 's concepts. He split instincts into two categories; life instincts and death instincts. "Life instincts include survival instinct, such as hunger, thirst, and sex have the purpose of promoting the survival of the individual and the propagation of the race" (Lazarus (1961) p141). Freud considered sexuality as

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