During the twentieth- century, lobotomy became a popular procedure performed on patients with neurosis such as schizophrenia, bi-polar mood disorder, personality disorder, etc. Many scientists, especially at the time, argued that poking holes through parts of the brain and swishing parts around helps make patients more calm and cooperative. I predict that lobotomy had no benefits for the patient but rather in a dissociative state to appear calm. By understanding the history of lobotomy, patients' experience and stories, and alternatives we can grasp a better view in how lobotomy was unethical and ineffective. Lobotomy has evolved from various techniques, patients, countries, and psychosurgeons.
According to WHO, about fifty million people have epilepsy around the world. Traditional medical care to patients for control their seizures include drug therapy and surgery. But recently acknowledged that the comprehensive epilepsy treatment beyond these treatments. Adherence to medication and behavioral factors irrelevant to medicine Such as personal information management, management of seizures and lifestyle, play an important role in the success of epilepsy treatment. In other words, self-management as the core of treatment and management of epilepsy.
The unconscious, Freud saw as containing material which had been stifled for reasons unknown: in light of the fact that it was excessively traumatic or excruciating, making it impossible to achieve consciousness. This material may comprise of memories, dreams, wishes, dreams, and so forth. The three structures of the ID, EGO, and superego Freud saw as mapping onto this model. The ego he contended was not generally, conscious or even preconscious: Freud found that a number of his patients were uninformed of how their consciences worked to help them to capacity as social creatures. The superego, he contended, crossed the unconscious and the preconscious, while the id was totally
Thus, there is no consensus about the treatment methods as while some of the research found that psychotherapy treat the symptoms, some findings illustrate that psychotherapy increase the severity of the disorder. According to Pomerantz (2014), clinical psychologists’ psychotherapy demonstrates a beneficial impact and prolong effect on the patients. However, Rehagen (2016) stated that drug therapy is much more rapid and helpful way than psychotherapy. To illustrate, to treat the physical symptoms of depression like appetite or sleep, urgently these symptoms should be treated by the psychiatrists. Then, the psychotherapy should follow the drug treatment.
Consequently, classical psychoanalysis was criticized and rejected by many scholars. Nonetheless, it had a significant impact on new theories that were later developed. In the mid to late 1900’s, a second wave of psychoanalytic theories were introduced. These new theories branched from Freud’s original idea that an individual’s behavior and personality are largely shaped by underlying unconscious forces, however, the second wave was modified to be more sophisticated and dynamic. The wide majority of Freud’s followers had no problem accepting the idea that conflicts during infancy affect the experiences of an adult, thus, affecting their future personality features.
Mental health is a big problem in the United States and their needs to be programs and organizations to help the mentally ill. Society has turned a blind eye to the mentally ill and do not care for them that much, which makes the mentally ill feel unwanted. Mentally ill people need outlets that act like family to them so that they feel wanted. Although the 21st Century Cures Act, was passed to help mental ill people it has not done enough. We need to have more programs and facilities to help mentally ill people and educate the schools and the public about mental illness. We also need to monitor and check in with the mental ill to see if they are going down the wrong path or right path in life.
Hence, I got to experience societal bias that mental illness solicits. Similarly, how I made my conclusion based on preconceived ideas before these clinical rotation, in spite of not having met any of these patients, society judge. However, the truth is most of these individuals are judge because of the label affixed to them, but rather, they are not so much different than I am. To be able to provide therapeutic care I have to be able to empathize. Significantly, this extraordinary clinical day helped me uncover the level of self awareness and my newly discovered partiality towards individuals with mental health
In any case patient rebels against the rules set by her, he is sent to receive electroshock treatments. This leads to ethical violations that slowly build upon each other with empathic breaches and sadistic interventions to the mental patients by Nurse Ratched; which actually seek to impose order and exercise control, sometimes at the expense of the individual 's (mental) health, but certainly at the expense of each patient’s independence and freedom. Through death; McMurphy spirit and inspiration have developed well beyond any influence that came by that he might have been able to exercise as a "patient". The mental patients, all male, are divided into Acutes; who are there for treatment and will eventually be released and Chronics; who are in the hospital permanently. The Chronics can be also those who can walk whereas some can
Sigmund Freud did not use the term signifier in relation to his work with the Rat Man. However, it was through this case, and its subsequent revisiting by Jacques Lacan, that we came to develop a more thorough understanding of how the unconscious mind works and in turn, the role that signifiers play, both in facilitating the creation of a condition, and in its eventual treatment. The Rat Man, is a name that Sigmund Freud attributed to one of his case studies in order to protect the individual’s true identity. This patient sought Freud’s help in dealing with neuroses and anxieties which he felt had been restricting him from properly engaging with life, including fears that something will happen to his father or the woman he loves. Rat Man also
One of the researchers remembered when they were rotated in the National Center for Mental Health for their duty, they have been taught about the different ways on how to communicate with mental patients therapeutically. Knowing these people have mental illnesses, it is critical for them to know how to talk and deal with them because more often than not, the symptoms of their illnesses will be triggered if they weren’t able to talk to them therapeutically. They were taught on how to not reinforce their thoughts when they have delusions and hallucinations and most importantly, they should not give the patients false reassurance. False reassurance is a pleasant lie. As stated in the book The Patient Doctor Relationship: Synopsis of Psychiatry,