Before reading Julie Kerr’s examination into the curious, and perilous dangers that were faced within monastic wall, it would be natural to assume that this is a topic that needs no investigation. This presumption is quickly overturned within the brief, but completely entertaining, Health and Safety in the Medieval Monasteries of Britain. Kerr dives into the world of these monks, and gives us a small glimpse into the many hazards that they faced throughout their work. Not only does Kerr’s work give an amusing look into the incidences and accidents within monastic life, but also demonstrated the fragility of life within Medieval Britain regardless of vocation. Kerr divides these into categories of discussion such as, incidents of self-affliction, construction accidents, and simple missteps, but all show that within Medieval Britain, there were many dangers outside of the routinely researched plagues and epidemics.
In Jon Sweeney’s lecture and book, “ When Saint Francis Saved The Church”, he spoke about Francis leading a revolutionary life. There were two points that helped support with Francis leading a revolutionary life. Those points were friendship and poverty. Sweeney spoke about how important friendship and poverty was to Francis. These points helped with Francis learning what kind of person he would be and do with his life.
‘The Beggars Summons’ is a document which appeared pinned to the doors of religious establishments- , particularly friaries. The text appeared starting from the 1st of January 1559, although it was 1558 in consonance with the ‘old reckoning’ as it was not until 1600 that the year began on the 1st of January, previously it commenced on the 25th March. The author is unknown, with the document supposedly written by ‘The blynd, cruked, bedrellles, wedowis, orphelingis, and all uther pure’ or in modern English: ‘The blind, crooked, lame, widows, orphans and all other poor’ (Brown, p. 41). It is, however, given the relative eloquence of the document doubtful that these are the actual authors of ‘The Beggars Summons’, as will be discussed later in greater depth. Just as gauging the actual author of the document is difficult, it is equally problematic to know it’s real purpose.
The Killer Friar A Friar is a man of God. A man of whom is supposed to help God’s loving children and followers and a man whom is supposed to know what is best when it comes to being asked for advice. Friar Laurence in Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet is anything but what a Friar is supposed to be and ends up causing the deaths of four of six characters within the play. Friar Laurence did not physically go up and murder these characters but indirectly caused these deaths through leaving a suicidal alone and relying solely on the Church and himself rather than outside forces.
The Friar is a wise character. The Friar agrees to marry Romeo and Juliet, yet after the marriage a bunch of things go wrong and so the two lovers are separated, but the Friar has plans to see them reunited. The Friar 's letter to Romeo is stayed because of the plague, yet this doesn 't stop Romeo from hearing about Juliet 's death. Romeo rushes to the Capulet tomb to be with his wife, but sadly she has already ¨passed away¨ Romeo takes his life and Juliet follows suit when she wakes, yet the Friar is helpless to stop the deaths.
During the Middle Ages, many Christians participated in a sequence of military battles known as the Crusades. These battles aimed to retrieve control over the Holy Lands from Muslim rule. Upon hearing Pope Urban IIs speech many people set out to participate in the Crusades for financial gain as they desired to enlarge their territory, by establishing trade routes or gaining riches that would bring them wealth. Politically, Pope Urban was eager to create a United Christendom and help a fellow Christian ruler.
Chaucer delineated his Friar as a carefree playboy, which is an unexpected dissimilarity from the normal picture of ministers as devout and self-restrained. As opposed to carrying on with his life among poor people, just like his promise, the Friar "knew the tavernes wel in each toun," and delighted in singing and moving while at the same time taking liberal gifts of silver from blame ridden penitents. By delineating the Friar along these lines, Chaucer in all likelihood made his perusers snicker. People in general face of fourteenth century religious communities was of sheltered prudence and strict train. In truth, numerous religious requests of the day had become monstrously rich from blame offerings and tithes gathered from pioneers.
Romeo and Juliet (Shakespeare) was a very influential story during the time period that Shakespeare wrote it. Shakespeare wanted to give each person in this story their own messy and different life, just like Romeo and Juliet. All of these characters mixed together, are part of the reason why the two lovers decided to kill themselves. Two characters in particular were Friar Lawrence and the Nurse. The Nurse and Friar Lawrence are responsible for the deaths of Romeo and Juliet.
Monks are a religious group of people, often strict and ran schools, farms, and copying books. The Middle Ages for Monks was pretty planned and strict such as all of the rules that the Monks had to follow, Monks centered around hours such as at 7am Monks have to Arrive at the Monastery, or at 9am where they have to Read, then at 11am they are not supposed to talk, after at 1pm they have to do work such as farm, and take care of people, finally they have to wear certain types of clothing and were not allowed to be cluttered and hide possessions. The Christian Religion was Spread across Europe during the Middle Ages based on the scriptures that proved the life of the Christ and his disciples, and spread it by letting people come to them, and
To take her in his arms for all the night.” (Chaucer 314-316). Monks are supposed to be poor and help out the religious community. On the other hand in the Skipper’s Tale the monk turns on his cousin and takes his money and his wife. Connecting to the medieval time era everyone wanted just one thing… which is money.
Church authority in the Middle Ages has become the dominant political and spiritual force. Violent tortures and executions were committed in the name of church. By preaching humility, poverty and self-control, the church grew rich, profiting by corvee, tithe and indulgences. The hierarchs of the church lived in luxury, indulging in revelry. These processes met with condemnation and resistance from both ordinary believers and some clergymen.
The most immoral character in The Canterbury Tales is the Friar. Why he is the most immoral is he breaks all of the four vows. The four vows are obedience, chastity, poverty, and stability. In the vow of obedience it says, “Therefore instead of weeping and of prayer one should give silver for a poor friars care (Chaucer 235).” This states that they should pay him instead of him giving the word and love of god.
In the Middle Ages, also known as the Medieval Era, the Church was the center of everyday life. The Church had built itself as the foundation of the people. Other aspects were controlled by the Nobles. Both the Church and the nobles owned land, on which they let the serfs work on by the means of feudalism and manorialism. Initially, there were only two distinct ranks of social hierarchy, royals (loosely used and includes nobility) and the peasants.