Friedrich Nietzsche: Major Characters, And Slave Morality

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This article takes into account Friedrich Nietzsche 's philosophy, in particular the notions of Slave Morality and Master Morality, in order to analyze the major characters of Death of a Salesman (1998) especially its tragic protagonist Willy Loman. Therefore, firstly Nietzsche’s related concepts will be explained and then the play will be studied based on those concepts. In this study understanding master morality, slave morality and their differences as well as the idea of ‘will to power’ is essential to analyze the characters based on Nietzsche’s philosophy. This paper considers Willy Loman as an actual low man who does not know himself and cannot bear changes while his son, Biff, seeks to create and set his own values. He ferociously shows his discomfort toward his father 's slave-like morals and is moving in a path that might guide him toward master moralities. This paper shows the importance of knowing what the characters’ moralities are since their decisions and actions are closely related to their especial kind of morality.
Keywords: Nietzsche, Miller, Death of a Salesman, slave and master morality, Willy Loman
The German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche is one of the few thinkers who have challenged the issue of morality in its global dimensions. Morality is present in all the human communications and plays an influential role in shaping human’s relationships. Morality shapes people’s behavior and the way they act is considerably related to the certain
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