He advocates something different from relativism, known as "perspectivism". Perspectivism, briefly, means that every assertion, viewpoint, notion, or philosophy is related to some or the other perspective and that it is not possible for humans to detach themselves from these perspectives in order to grasp the objective Truth. The sole aim of the philosopher, according to him, is to learn, embrace, and test the many alternate viewpoints in order to gauge a better understanding of the ultimate Truth. This procedure may even require approaching the world with contradicting perspectives. While Nietzsche isn't sure whether this will necessarily eventually uncover the absolute Truth, (because it can never be completely disclosed—thanks to our biases), he feels one can get close to it.
He who governs by his moral excellence may be compared to the pole star which abides in its place while all other stars bow towards it. Deciding for oneself between what is right and what is wrong has always been an important part of life. All throughout history this subject has been debated and there have been many who have attempted to discover an absolute solution. Among these is the remarkable German philosopher, Immanuel Kant. Applied correctly, Kant’s moral principles, specifically the categorical imperative, would greatly alter one’s view of life and due to this it may help to not only make the world a better place, but to also bolster individual lives.
The will-to-power harmonizes with Nietzsche’s interpretation of the world as becoming, in that it understands concepts and values as having histories of meanings. The meaning of a concept is unstable, and subject to the struggle of dominance between competing interpretations. The imposing of meaning and value on the world is fundamental activity of humans, and Nietzsche understands one’s valuing to be determined by the will-to-power. Thus, anti-natural morality (as well as Nietzsche’s philosophy) is understood to be a product of life’s competing drives. “Life itself forces us to posit values; life itself values through us when we posit values.”
The most impressive of these conflicts is conflict between people, and more importantly, conflict with people’s spirituality. which has been fueling discourse and decision making since the beginning of human time, and furthermore, human history. In Friedrich Nietzsche’s essay, “The Genealogy of Morals,” he made countless provocative, liberal statements which exemplified his ideals and pessimism and a lack of faith in organized religion. This is spurred on by his background, tracing back to his parents traditional Lutheran roots, which they attempted to press upon Nietzsche. This led him to push those ideas away, and seeking his own answers to religion and philosophy, seeming to lead into a disillusionment with religion, and a
Morality is the basis on which people make their decisions every day. People have the ability to decide for themselves what is right or wrong. Since morality can be argued as being personally subjective, mental state is obviously an important factor in moral decision making. In her novel, Frankenstein, Mary Shelley uses Henry Clerval as a foil to Victor Frankenstein in order to emphasize Victor’s own mental state, and ultimately question the morality of Victor’s actions, thus highlighting how state of mind affects choices on what is morally right or wrong. One of the important functions of Henry as a foil to Victor is to highlight Victor’s state of mind in the novel.
Sartre brings up a lot of different topics in his writing, but they all relate to the main idea of existentialism. Existentialism is that it is up to us to find our purpose or our essence by being authentic to our own nature. Existentialism says that existence precedes essence, so we are born first and it is up to us to find our purpose in the world. Self-deception and psychoanalysis is the ability to lie oneself and to others to create positive reinforcement to oneself. Sartre also writes about being-in-the-world and taking up a role that affects our freedom.
This article takes into account Friedrich Nietzsche 's philosophy, in particular the notions of Slave Morality and Master Morality, in order to analyze the major characters of Death of a Salesman (1998) especially its tragic protagonist Willy Loman. Therefore, firstly Nietzsche’s related concepts will be explained and then the play will be studied based on those concepts. In this study understanding master morality, slave morality and their differences as well as the idea of ‘will to power’ is essential to analyze the characters based on Nietzsche’s philosophy. This paper considers Willy Loman as an actual low man who does not know himself and cannot bear changes while his son, Biff, seeks to create and set his own values. He ferociously shows his discomfort toward his father 's slave-like morals and is moving in a path that might guide him toward master moralities.
While, the older characters in the play were trying their best to show them life and all the hardships of society- consistently failing to break through their ideas. However, this quote speaks directly to the idea of natal alienation in society. Natal alienation goes directly to the heart of the problem with the misunderstandings in the play. There is a sense of loss of ties between the both the ascending and descending generations in the play. This type of alienation from formal history, blood, and religion created a detachment from the culture and belief systems of the past.
Nature versus nurture is one of our society’s oldest philosophical debates. Famous intellectuals from John Locke to Renee Descartes have contested both sides of this debate for centuries. Some believe that personal development is determined by one’s DNA, while others deem that behavioral characteristics are the results of one’s overall environment and upbringing. In the novel, Frankenstein, Mary Shelley contributes to this debate by extensively exploring the notion that an individual’s character and actions are greatly influenced by their experiences within society. Shelley reasons that the monster’s character deficiencies are due to society’s inclination to judge individuals based on appearance and Victor’s shortcomings as a parent, rather than the monster itself being intrinsically evil.
INVIGORATING TITLE The matter of morality makes for a deceptively complex discussion. Good and evil actions are categorized variously by different religions, organizations, families, and authors. Moral alignment, a popularized system mainly used referencing fictional and historical characters, classifies people and characters by their views and reaction to the world. Before this system surfaced among the recent generation, authors, playwrights, and philosophers have established their own contrasting views on the idea of human nature. Among these was William Golding, who elucidates in his novel Lord of the Flies how humankind will eventually dissolve reason and civility and resort to their most base and visceral instincts.