For example, Kant upholds the notion of a universal, a priori law. Instead, Nietzsche rejects the existence of structures that objectively determine such concepts, claiming them to be mere projections of a week will. As such, in ‘Beyond Good and Evil’, he contends: ‘there are no moral phenomena at all, only moral
Nietzsche was a German Philosopher who wrote a book called Twilight of the Idols. I will be taking some of his main points from his story and giving my standpoint on them. In my paper I will be explaining Nietzsche's morality as an anti-nature and his four great errors of human nature. The four great errors include confusing cause and consequence, false causality, imaginary causes, and free will. Nietzsche believed that philosophy should be about jumping from one extreme to another extreme and that it should make you angry and ask questions.
Not only that, he thought that the way this term was exploited in society corrupted its meaning. Nietzsche claims that the idea of punishment relies heavily on how the agent has free will and chose to go against social conduct, which implies that the notion of free will was created as a ploy in order to create and foster guilt. Furthermore, he believes that a subject who acts under his or her supposed free will, and thus is responsible for some crime, is not really free as this subject or agent is restrained by social regulations. In other words, Nietzsche found that free will is a contrivance so that we are able to judge people guilty. Nonetheless, he argues that we cannot ultimately assign accountability because we are not free.
In the ninth book, Augustine shows how he was able to finally connect with God through his books and teachings. “I read on: Tremble and sin no more, and this moved me deeply, my God, because now I had learned to tremble from my past, so that in the future I might sin no more.” (Book IX, Section 4, Page 187) This shows that Augustine was finally able to find God through the readings of the Bible. Throughout his entire youth, he was searching for an answer, which is why he continued to sin, and he finally found it through the Christian
According to his text, God is simply an illusion that does not exist. It is a human desire to, when overwhelmed by the complexity of the world, to worship something. “Science emancipates us from that desire”, Dawkins
The ironic part is just that god created man. There are several allegories to the bible, particularly what happened in the Fall of man, when Adam and Eve got banished from the garden of Eden. The cataclysmic event that nearly drives humanity to extinction, Crake’s genocide, happens because he has an ambition. An ambition to rewind humanity’s history, to reverse the effects of the Fall of man. But it is his meddling as a “god” that nearly wipes out mankind.
He is also affected by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn’s statement, “The line dividing good and evil cuts through the heart of every human being.” For Werner, his choices were never straightforward. Yet, Werner almost always took
However, despite his claim to be above sin, even an omnipotent being such as he was swayed towards sin and promptly cast into Hell- a massive, eternal case of bad fortune. The second excerpt also uses a biblical, pre-ordained example of a victim of bad fortune: a man named Adam. The text explains that Adam was not the result of “man’s unclean seed”, but created by God himself. Adam was even holy enough to dwell in the Garden of Eden (biblical paradise) (9-11). However, despite his divine origins and his access to the highest holiness, bad fortune still befalls Adam as he partakes of the tree of life and is condemned to mortality.
If God creates creatures that are significantly free, he cannot determine them to do only what is right meaning he must create creatures that are capable of moral evil. Therefore, God cannot guarantee that there will not be evil in the world because a world containing creatures that are significantly free to perform more moral good than evil actions are more valuable. An omnipotent being (God) can't make contradictions be true. Therefore, if God creates a world where there are beings with free will. God can't guarantee that some creatures won't sometimes choose to act badly.
She could not have known the malice intentions of the serpent because of her inexperience on Earth. “She could not have known that someone who looked like a friend could in fact be the enemy of mankind”(Wiesel 33). Eve had only just been created, new to the horrors of the world Eve put her trust in the wrong type of person. She was seduced into committed this act not because she was evil but because she believed in others and put her trust in everyone and everything. She proved the goodness of humanity by having the integrity to trust.