The Historical roots of Bossa Nova Music As Christopher Small, it is true that there is no culture ever disappears but it is transformed over and over again through the new one (Small, On cultures and their fusion 1998). Bossa nova, means ‘new trend’, is a genre of Brazilian music that is transformed by two fusion; samba and strong American jazz influenced (Wikipedia). It was known in 1957 and 1963 especially among young students and musicians who would like to bring a complicated combination of melody to be harmony and be more relaxing rather than using powerful voice and strong meaning. According to Tom Jobim, one of the fathers of bossa nova, said “music is the silence between the notes” (Just landed 2016).
He made it so popular and universal that it passes through the years and the fashions until now without us figuring out. Scat singing is a vocal jazz style that consists of improvising a song made of senseless syllables or wordless vocables. Also, it follows a tune (improvised or not), usually over an instrumental background. All these elements turn scat singing into a very difficult technique.
The Latin American composer, I choose to write about is Carlos Santana. Carlos Augusto Alyes Santana, was born on July 20,1947 in Autlan de Navarro, Jalisco, Mexico. At age five he learned to play the violin from his father, Jose Santana, who is a professional mariachi violinist. But Carlos Santana switched to guitar when he was eight years old, when his family moved to Tijuana, Mexico. When Santana was approaching his teenage years in the late fifties, he was playing shows with different bands around the Tijuana strip in clubs and bars.
The controversial issue of the origins of the salsa dance and music dominates the music industry in the US. Various explanations exist on the factors and circumstances which led to the emergence of the Salsa dance in the United States. Moreover, the contribution of different Afro-Latin music styles in the development of salsa music and dance styles have been under dispute. These Afro-Latin music styles stem their impacts on themes such as sentimental expressions, ideological and religious sentiments, present occurrences and the supernatural. The Colonial rule of the Cuban and Puerto Rico regions by the Spaniards and North American conquest promoted activities such as slavery among Africans.
Hip Hop produced similar idols and ambassadors through the years and decades. Kendrick Lamar is one of the most influential MC in the United States. His lyrics containing strong statements about the situation of African-Americans in the present-day society where the black community still have to face issues of racism and police brutality. Kendrick is a similar character to Martin Luther King considering his commitment towards his community and culture, his voice has a strong influence on black people. Sometimes when social injustice and racial issues drench the society, music is one of the best way to demonstrate against these problems.
Jazz is a genre of African American music originating from New Orleans in the southern United States from the late 19th century to the early 20th century. Jazz is recognized for its unique playing style and performance itself rather than the format of the song or the song itself. Sounds, phrasing, rhythm, blues and harmonies of jazz come from the unique sense of African and African American music. Instruments, melodies, harmonies used in jazz follow the traditional approach of Europe. Jazz’s features include swing from the offbeat rhythm, originality and vigor by the improvisation and sound of the player’s unique individuality, so these may be described as different from European music and classical music.
Latin Jazz, also known as Afro-Cuban jazz originated around 1940. It was due to the gradual and long interactions of American and Cuban music which birthed this distinct style of jazz. African american tunes and dance rhythms traveled north into the United States as well as the musical styles of African-American Jazz found their way down to the Caribbean and Central and Southern America. The fusion of both musical styles; Cuban music and African-American jazz was largely due to musicians and dancers throughout the area beginning to familiarise themselves with both of the musical techniques. The fusion happened in 1940 in the city of New York through the beginning of Machito and the Afro-Cubans orchestra, which was under directorship of Cuban trumpeter Mario Bauzá who essentially created the Latin Jazz through fusing jazz arrangements with Afro- Cuban percussion rhythm.
Musical milestones in popular music: Mobility between the Popular music and the Traditional/Cultural fields. Tahitian musicians easily adapt what they hear to their own musical repertoire (Yves Roche and Heitapu Chang, pers.comm., 25 September 2013), including jazz, American and French popular songs (from which the valse tahitienne [Tahitian waltz] genre emerged), blues-rock (leading to the “jeck” style in the 1960s) and rhythms derived from Latin music such as the bolero and the bossa nova, which infused in ʻukulele strumming. Coincidently with the adaptation of non-Polynesian musical genres during the twentieth century, Tahitian musicians have introduced Western musical instruments such as electric keyboards, beatboxes, and the electric guitar which Polynesians like playing with many effects, such as the echo (“Echoplex”). From these influences, Tahitians have composed their own repertoire, where the poetry, the emotional load and the lyrics phraseology prevail over musical originality. Literary arts, including ʻōrero, have had a deep influence
It generally but not always featured a tenor lead, a soaring falsetto, a vocal bass run and nonsense lyrics in the background supporting all the other elements. The ‘doo-wop’ sound effects by the group members to harmonize the song that gave a rise to this genres name. Emmett et al. (2011) stated that doo wop is a combination of gospel and barbershop styles with an element of jazz and blues.
I have to admit that this event was not my favorite. A singer that performed at Harborfest is Morris Day. He performed Jungle Love, The Walk and The Bird. He is a talented artist and his songs are eccentric, however, he is well before my time. The words are hard to follow but in spite of that, I was entertained.
Bachata is a popular guitar music that originated from the Dominican Republic. In the Article Bachata: The soulful music, the slow dance explains that while bachata is mainly based on bolero rhythm. This genre traditionally includes other kinds of music such as vals, merengue and ranchera. In 1986 Bachata was an exclusive type of music for maids and taxi drivers. It wasn’t until musicians with big names in the music industry such as Juan Luis Guerra and Anthony Santos that made more appealing to women.