Fukuyama's The End Of History And The Last Man

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Fukuyama's work "The End of History and the Last Man" started a broad discussion in modern sociology and philosophy. In the book Fukuyama tries to answer the questions “Is history directional?” And “Can the scientific method cease to dominate our lives, and is it possible for industrialized societies to return to pre-modern, prescientific ones? Is the directionality of history, in short, reversible?” (Fukuyama, 1992, p.80-81) As the supposed mechanism of directed historical changes, he chooses the natural sciences, because of scientific knowledge, various historical changes, the form of production changes, culture, and education and so on. In this essay, I will comment on the logic of the reasoning of Fukuyama and what he tried to outline in his work.

Fukuyama believes that the first of the ways that modern science generates change is a military competition. The second way is a progressive conquest of nature in order to satisfy the desires of
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Even a global cataclysm cannot cause a loss of modern science: " Without the destruction or rejection of the scientific method itself, modern natural science would eventually reproduce itself and force the recreation of many aspects of the modern, rational social world as well, p82; that it is very doubtful whether it can ever be forgotten or "un-invented" under conditions other than the physical annihilation of the human race.” (Fukuyama, 1992 p.88)
He comes to the conclusion that cyclic history is possible only if the existing civilization disappears completely, leaving no trace. Progressive movement of science generates the direction of history." the dominance of modern natural science over human life is not likely to be reversed under any foreseeable circumstances, even unde r the most extreme circumstances.” (Fukuyama,
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