Macro social work promotes human development and social justice through work with communities and organizations. It comprises of a wide variety of knowledge and skills that enables workers to lead and contribute to highly performing public and private sector organizations that focuses on the critical social issues with diverse population. As such “diverse population is a variety of people which include several characteristic against what one may deem as the norm or majority.” Macro social work is centered on investigation of larger scales to social problems and for the development and implementation of social interventions that aim at effecting positive change at the community, state, and national levels (Birkenmaier and Berg-Weger 2007). Macro practice draws from theoretical foundation and at the same time contributes to development of new theory. Macro practices goes beyond individual interventions, but are often based on needs, problems, issues, and concerns.
2. State Bureaucracy Model Within this approach, higher education is perceived as “an instrument for national political agendas”. Its most important purpose is to carry out and implement national political objectives. Therefore, higher education as an arm of the state is governed primarily by external actors
The structure of federalism is in which little powers in the hands of the central government. Some powers are left to the states, some are shared to the states, and some powers are granted to the central government. It is a system under the government powers are divided between the central government and smaller units such as the states. Neither has control of others, some have their independent actions. This can be contrasted with two types of government, a confederation and a unitary government.
Among social groups are the local households, private sector (religious, NGOs and NPOs). Economic groups are the businesses in the community. “Public utility companies are critical business stakeholders and their services include: electricity, water, sewage treatment and disposal, solid waste management, and telecommunications” (Lindell et al., 2007, pg. 24). The governmental groups include town/city, county, state and those at the federal
This new government has three branches of government: the judicial, legislative, and executive. All three branches are independent and serves to as a check and balance for each other, so one branch isn’t more powerful than the other. The legislative branch has a bicameral congress, which consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The senate has 2 representatives from each state while the amount of representatives for the House is determined by the state’s population. In the executive branch there is a president in charge of choosing Cabinet members and checks the powers of the other 2 branches.
Executive Branch is the oldest government in Malaysia, a place where government take place to bring up political issues or a place in the framework of federal representative democratic consultation monarchy and also a place that where exercised by the federal government of the 13 states. Executive Branch in Malaysia usually is to formulate and implement the policies in the country Executive brunch is chosen by the public through election and government will bring great impact on political system in Malaysia. Executive power is vested in the cabinet led by the Prime Minister and The Malaysian constitution stipulates that the Prime Minister must be member of the Lower House of parliment. The cabinet is chosen from among of both houses of Parliament
Thus this creates two separate local jurisdiction of the courts – for Peninsular Malaysia and for East Malaysia. The highest position in the judiciary of Malaysia is the Chief Justice of the Federal Court of Malaysia (also known as the Chief Justice of Malaysia), followed by the President of the Court of Appeal, the Chief Judge of Malaya, and the Chief Judge of Sabah and Sarawak. Our courts structure is divided into superior courts and subordinate courts. The High Court, Court of Appeal and the Federal Court are superior courts, while the Magistrates Court, the Court for Children and the Sessions Court are subordinate courts. A
The two important characteristics that distinguish the Office of Sheriff from other law enforcement units is its history. In England, the sheriff came into existence around the 9th century. This makes the sheriff the oldest continuing, non-military, law enforcement entity in history. Early in England the land was divided into geographic areas between a few individual kings, they were called shires. Each shire there was an individual called a reeve, meaning
They are responsible, as the guiding committee of Parliament, for the preparation and enactment of most legislation and of the budget. Now, the Republic system as opposed to the Westminster system is one of representative government, while the Westminster system is one of responsible government, which means that the executive is responsible to the legislature, and requires its confidence to remain in power. While in the U.S system, the executive are separate from the legislature, in the
Government Government is a system of social control under which the right to make laws, and the right to enforce them, is given to a particular group in society. Government power can be held by one individual, a few, or a majority. Government come in different forms. The basic law determining the form of government is called the constitution and may be written, as in the United States, or largely unwritten, as in Great Britain. In the present world governments have many jobs including: • Providing for the security of their country.
The Shire and council is in charge of the small town and has the responsibilities of providing services which include; maintenance of parks, gardens, swimming pools, roads and foot paths, garbage collection, community services, libraries, childcare centres and building regulations. The local government is controlled by the state government. The three levels of government have thing in common, they all hold elections, make laws for residents and citizens, punishes those who break them and is responsible for providing goods and services. State Government State government is responsible for everything that is not a federal responsibility. However, the Federal Government can get involved.