Functional Behavior Assessment Paper

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Functional Behavior Assessment Jacob is a 6-year-old male, diagnosed with autism, who engages in physical aggression in the form of hitting, scratching and kicking his parents when required to utilize expressive language to obtain desired reinforcers. The current circumstance have lead the parent’s to request an assessment and behavior plan to enable them to reduce his level of aggression and improve his expressive language. This paper will present various factors to consider prior to acceptance of a client as well as actions that may be necessary before treatment may be implemented. Further, it will discuss several methods of conducting a functional behavior assessment, including strengths and weaknesses of both indirect and direct methods…show more content…
His expressive language is limited to single-word requests for preferred reinforcers. Parent concerns include Jacob’s engagement in aggression in the way of hitting, kicking, and scratching his parents when demands are placed on him in the way of structured sessions aimed at increasing his use of expressive language; as well as increasing his expressive language. Jacob, when met with a new word, or completing a few trials of known words, engages in aggressive behavior directed towards the parent issuing the demand. In response to this behavior, parents frequently stop lessons and allow him to play and escape the demand. Interactions between Jacob and his parents have resulted in several scratches to the faces and arms of the parents, as well as bruises to Jacob’s arms. Parents state bruises sustained by Jacob are the consequence of parents protecting themselves as well as utilizing restraint procedures to do so. Description of Targeted Behavior(s) Aggression: defined as any occurrence of any of the following: • Hitting is defined as any occurrence of swinging the hand in a directed manner and contacting any part of another person’s body with an open hand or closed fist from a distance of 4 inches or more; includes when strikes are blocked; does not include giving high-5’s, or engaging in games, such as, tag, which require physical contact with…show more content…
Behavior analysts have a responsibility to act in the best interests of the client and in doing so, if they do not have the experience, education, or resources necessary to influence positive changes in the specific behavior, they refer to a colleague or request supervision from a behavior analyst who possesses the necessary training and knowledge (Behavior Analyst Certification Board, Inc.[BACB], 2016; Bailey & Burch, 2016). Prior to inception of services a risk analysis needs to be completed to determine the risks versus benefits of implementing a treatment plan and if specific supports introduced would reduce the risks. Currently, Jacob is occasionally being restrained by his parents in response to his aggression; resulting in bruises on his arms. Questions of the use excessive force, or if his parents are trained in the proper use of restraint methods are brought up when clients display bruising under these conditions. Behavior analysts ensure the safety of the client, and when there is more than one client, they identify the primary client, in this case Jacob, and take necessary steps to ensure no harm (Bailey & Burch, 2016). As mandated reporters, BCBA’s are required to report any unexplained injuries or those which seem to be the result of

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