Functionalism In Sociology

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1. Introduction The study of sociology involves observing how social interactions and the rules imposed on society govern human behaviour. It is a useful tool that can be used to understand how society function, identify and overcome some of the challenges corporate habitation in the form of organisations, religions, civilizations and institutions face [1]. There are three major perspectives that are implemented when analysing the way in which society influences structure and regulates discipline in these organizations, namely; critical social science, positivist social science or interpretivist social science [2]. Positivist social science also known as positivism is a quantitative analysis technique with an objective of modeling society…show more content…
He derived the term known as functionalism which provides a biological representation of society. This term describes society to behave similarly to an organism, which consists of various parts each part with a specific function that contributes to the stability of the society. The components are interdependent of each other and require some form of interaction to elicit smooth functionality of the organism. The institutions refer to education, state, media, police and judicial systems within society each with a different needs to fulfill but interconnection between these entities was necessary to form and shape society. It is a representation of cohesion in society and thus indicates the status of the…show more content…
However, despite the fact that modern societies encourage individualism people cannot live in solitude, there is still an urge of wanting to belong and feel accepted; this phenomenon is known as homo duplex. The concept of people not wanting their identities to be associated to a single belief or culture; but instead be allowed to shape their own ideas gives rise to egoistic individualism[2,8]. Individualism stimulates self-reliance but people are not perfect and realise the impracticality of being able to run a hospital and be a professional musician for example. Politicians took advantage of the fact that people are in need of a leader with similar beliefs and views, to address macro national issues. Similar to the general public’s desire to be involved in a global movement, politicians thrive on feeling important; thus the origin of corruption. The act of attending one’s own personal interests and abuse of authority rather than the societal affairs they were appointed to
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