Psychodynamics and psychoanalysis looks at the ways in which the unconscious mind influences our behaviour. When it comes to Freud’s psychanalytical theory, he considered our personalities and behaviours to stem from three different structures: the id, the ego and the superego. The id is totally unconscious. It operates in a totally irrational way, seeking only pleasure. The ego is driven
The behavioral theory identifies how the external environment governs and shapes the actions of the individual, which are ultimately not innate. It also focuses on the unconsciousness’ absence and concentrates about what is happening in the meantime, that can help us understand one’s behavior. The human’s behavior, thoughts and feelings, which are assigned to the socio-cultural perspective, are influenced by the social environment and cultural learning, and the presence of numerous people in their lives. The biological category groups the biological perspective, which develops medical studies: it explains how the inner body organs coordinate and work, especially with the brain, in order to perform the individual’s
The gestalt school believed that consciousness was far more complex than the structuralist associative framework. Most importantly, they rejected the structuralists’ constancy hypothesis, which postulated that there is a one-to-one correspondence between sensations and environmental stimuli (Koffka, 1922). Taking a structuralist view leaves little room for interpretation about the mind’s function. Although Titchener would claim this is pure science, his theories lead to passive conclusions about the working of the mind. Functionalism on the other hand has been far more influential.
The dreams later being recalled may lose their accuracy easily due to those facts. Nevertheless, Freud’s theory is revolutionary and it has laid the basis for further research on
Psychoanalysis and Behaviourism are two contrasting personality theories, each with strong viewpoints on how one’s behaviour is created and maintained. Through this essay, it is going to be determined as to which personality theory can best describe the causes and maintenance of the behaviour of the Lotter siblings, who murdered their parents in 2008. Both will be used to explain the situation, coming to a conclusion as to which theory can best describe their behaviour which resulted in parricide. Human behaviour is very complex and challenging to understand, categorise and analyse as there are so many interdependent factors to consider. Both Psychoanalysis and Behaviourism were considered highly influential theories in the early-to-mid-1900’s,
These perspectives hold very different and specific characteristics that make them all appropriate to understanding sociology (Cury, Jiobu, and Schwirian 12). The functionalist perspective says that society and its systems work together to maintain stability. This perspective heavily relies on the belief that each part of society affects another. Functionalists believe that “social mechanisms hold society together” (Cury, Jiobu, and Schwirian 12). They focus heavily on how different institutions affect social life.
Their view of learning has it that drive reduction follows a response, later reinforces it and hence chances of its occurrences rises. According to Mowrer, anxiety is a particular form of fear. Fear is learned because it can become attached to previous neutral stimulifurther motivate and reinforce it. Many theorists suggests that smokers tend to indulge in the smoking behaviour when anxious which leads to increasing their anxiety rather than decreasing it. Cognitive Theory: In the 1950 's, a psychologist named Albert Ellis, and a psychiatrist named Aaron Beck, independently developed two very similar theories.
Thus, the three perspectives mentioned, each viewed racial discrimination in a different way. References Crossman Ashely | Definition of Functionalism | about.com | retrieved from http://sociology.about.com/od/Sociological-Theory/a/Functionalist-Theory.htm Functionalist on racism | David, E. J. R. Internalized Oppression: The Psychology of Marginalized Source: Boundless. “The Functionalist Perspective.” Boundless Sociology. Boundless, 26 May. 2016.