Functionalist Theory Of Migration

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Functionalist This theory was developed in Europe in response to the occurrence of the Second World War. Mitrany is the leading advocate of the theory and he is of the opinion that cooperation should not put unrealistic pressure or demands on a state’s sovereignty. Within SADC, pressure comes from the constant need of promoting free-movement in the region. Therefore, cooperation should focus on technical and basic functional programmes within a defined sector. This approach is believed to lower costs, avoid conflicts and contribute to benefiting communications, education and training (Schulz et al, 2001:9). Functionalist migration theories are based on push-pull and equilibrium assumptions. The theory tends to view society as a system or combined of dependent parts, with a tendency towards balance. Push-pull models usually identify various economic, environmental, and demographic factors which are assumed to push migrants out of places of origin and pull them into destination places (Haas, 2011:8-13). This theory will help evaluate migration in a functionalist perspective to further acquire and understand reasons for migration. Since the main causes of migration according to the functionalist theory are economic, environmental and demographic factors, the economic factor is one of the most common. Since the region of SADC consist of both poor and rich countries it is more likely that the factors push migrants outside of their countries and pull them in more economically

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